English Sign Language Corpus Project: Documenting and portraying variety in BSL Adam Schembri, Jordan Fenlon, Ramas R .

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British Sign Language Corpus Project: Documenting and describing variation in BSL Adam Schembri, Jordan Fenlon, Ramas Rentelis & Rosemary Stamp. Overview. Background to the BSL Corpus Project Methodology What we are finding so far Handshape variation Vocabulary variation and change
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English Sign Language Corpus Project: Documenting and depicting variety in BSL Adam Schembri, Jordan Fenlon, Ramas Rentelis & Rosemary Stamp

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Overview Background to the BSL Corpus Project Methodology What we are discovering so far Handshape variety Vocabulary variety and change Conclusion

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Why a corpus venture of BSL? Requirement for more work on BSL vocabulary, sentence structure, variety and change to expand our comprehension of BSL etymology (more work required since Sutton-Spence & Woll, 1999) One lexicon sorted out as indicated by phonetic standards (Brien, 1992), yet less than 2000 signs

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Why a corpus venture of BSL? Access to the information for scientists and the Deaf people group: Advances in innovation make information sharing conceivable, utilizing new programming, for example, ELAN To give proof and material to communication via gestures instructing and translator preparing Language documentation & dialect change/risk To address worries in British Deaf people group about BSL variety and change: legacy types of BSL not being passed on to a more youthful era?

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Background: Aims of the BSL Corpus Project To make an on-line, open-get to gathering of BSL advanced video information. To inquire about BSL variety, change and vocabulary recurrence Project course of events: January 2008-December 2010

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Linguistic structure Grammar/language structure: rules for joining signs into sentences Vocabulary/dictionary: the rundown of signs Phonology: the structure of signs (i.e., handshape, development, area, non-manuals)

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Background: Specific studies (1) Sociolinguistic variety and change in (a) phonology: signs made with the 1 handshape (b) vocabulary: 101 signs from BSL vocabulary (c) punctuation: sentence structure and diverse gatherings of verb signs (2) Sign recurrence: in an accumulation of 100,000 signs, what are the most incessant signs? (see take a shot at NZSL, McKee & Kennedy, 2006)

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Methodology: Sociolinguistic approach Film ≥30 Deaf local and close local endorsers (BSL presentation by 7 years old ) in 8 districts over the UK: England (London, Bristol, Birmingham, Manchester, Newcastle) Wales: Cardiff Scotland: Glasgow Northern Ireland: Belfast Total specimen of ≥240 people, adjusted for age, sexual orientation, dialect foundation, potentially social class and ethnicity

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Deaf people group fieldworkers (cf. \'contact individuals\') selected 249 Deaf individuals (least of 30 x 8 areas) that match extend criteria Filmed more than 2-4 visits No listening to individuals introduce amid taping Pairs of underwriters from similar locale and in similar age amass Lived in the district for a long time or more Methodology: Recruitment & information gathering

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Methodology: Recruitment & information accumulation Filming session: blue foundation screen two lights plain hued attire (go down T-shirts) seats without arms 1 superior quality video-camera(s) concentrated on every member, 1 on the combine

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Phase 1: 249 endorsers for 2 hours 2008-2010 Warm up movement: 5 minute individual experience stories (illustration 1) 30 minutes free discussion (case 2) 20 minute meeting (case 3) 10 minute vocabulary undertaking (case 4) Phase 2: 100 local endorsers for 2 hours (2010>?) More stories More meetings Language diversions, assignments and so forth Methodology: Content

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Data gathering: 249 members shot Belfast 30 Birmingham 30 Bristol 32 Cardiff 30 Glasgow 30 London 37 Manchester 30 Newcastle 30 Why these areas? All are substantial urban communities, with 5 in England (South-east, South-west, Midlands, North-east and North-west) and 1 each in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland All have (or had before) a private Deaf school Limited time and spending so not ready to film Deaf individuals in more places Current status: March, 2010

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So what are discovering up to this point? (1) Sociolinguistic variety and change in (a) phonology: handshape variety in signs made with the 1 handshape preparatory results from 4 out of 8 urban areas (b) vocabulary: number signs (i.e., 100 target lexical things) comes about because of every one of the 8 urban communities for 20 number (signs for 1-20) out of 101 signs

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BSL 1 handshape variety The 1 handshape can experience thumb expansion pinky augmentation both thumb and pinky augmentation full handshape change, for instance, with all fingers and thumb amplified

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Why is this critical? BSL understudies frequently don\'t create BSL open/extensive aptitudes rapidly: why would that be? One reason is that signs are not created in discussion in their reference frame (the way the sign is delivered in the word reference) In the fast marking of discussions between familiar underwriters, handshapes, areas and developments in signs can change from reference shape

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BSL 1 handshape variety Aim to attempt to comprehend what variety can happen in one gathering of signs: signs made with the 1 handshape Examples incorporate signs like THINK, PEOPLE, HEARING, QUICK, THERE, WHAT, BUT, ME, YOU and so forth So far, we have coded 1200 cases from 120 members in Glasgow, Bristol, Manchester and Birmingham 64% +citation frame, 36% –citation shape

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Distribution: Handshape variety

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BSL 1 handshape variety: Factors Linguistic components: Sign sort directing signs (e.g., THERE, ME, YOU and so on) different signs (e.g., THINK, PEOPLE, HEARING, QUICK, WHAT, BUT) Handshape in the sign before and in the sign after the 1 handshape sign: 1 handshape some other handshape no handshape due toward interruption in the marking

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BSL 1 handshape variety: Factors Social elements: Gender (male versus female) Age (18-50 years of age versus 51-94 years of age) Language foundation (guardians Deaf or hearing) Region: Glasgow, Manchester, Bristol & Birmingham BSL showing knowledge (20/120 members)

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BSL guiding signs versus non-directing signs

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Influence from signs before and signs after the 1 handshape sign

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Handshape digestion ME THINK YOU-ARE-RIGHT ME THINK I-AM-WRONG ME THINK YOU HEARING Our examination demonstrates that THINK more probable toward have thumb expansion in (1), pinky augmentation in (2) and neither in (3)

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Women delivered less variety than men

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BSL 1 handshape concentrate on Pointing signs indicate more variety in handshape than non-guiding signs The handshape in the signs prior and then afterward the 1 handshape signs impact the handshape variety Women endorsers somewhat incline toward reference types of these signs when thought about toward men Age, locale, dialect foundation, showing background not huge

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BSL sign variety and change Lexical variety look into inquiries Is there confirmation of customary provincial signs vanishing in BSL? Which gathers in the Deaf people group are utilizing less conventional territorial signs? Kyle & Allsop (1982) found around half in Bristol experienced issues understanding BSL assortments from different parts of the UK Deaf people group perceptions propose sign variety in BSL has all the earmarks of being reducing This change is maybe the consequence of the more national and more global Deaf personality in the UK, because of expanded portability, between provincial and worldwide contact, and outer impacts, for example, communication through signing translating on TV and Deaf projects, for example, BBC \'See Hear\'

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BSL sign variety: Number signs All members approached to create their signs for 1 to 20 in a settled irregular request, which are coded for: Each particular sign utilized Whether every sign is a conventional territorial number sign or a non-customary sign Whether every sign was two-given or one-gave (6,7,8,9,16,17,18,19 just) Gender (male versus female) Age (18-35, 36-50, 51-65, 66+) Language foundation (guardians Deaf or hearing) School training: neighborhood or non-nearby school Results from 4,233 illustrations (i.e., number signs 1-20 –except 1,2 and 5– from every one of the 249 members)

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Number sign errand

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Results: Number sign variety

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Number signs: age contrasts

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Results: Number sign variety 1 gave versus 2 gave shapes

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BSL Number sign variety and change concentrate on Number sign utilize is changing: more youthful individuals are utilizing less conventional territorial number signs Some Deaf individuals with listening to guardians and those informed in schools outside of the locale where they live likewise utilize less customary provincial number signs Older individuals, individuals from Deaf families and men tend to utilize more two-gave number signs

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BSL Corpus Project: Acknowledgments Thanks to the accompanying scientists whose work impacted our examination plan: Trevor Johnston (Australia), Onno Crasborn (The Netherlands), Ceil Lucas (USA), David McKee & Graeme Kennedy (New Zealand) Thanks to the venture co-specialists (Kearsy Cormier, Margaret Deuchar, Frances Elton, Donall O\'Baoill, Rachel Sutton-Spence, Graham Turner, Bencie Woll) & Deaf Community Advisory Group individuals (Linda Day, Clark Denmark, Helen Foulkes, Melinda Napier, Tessa Padden, Gary Quinn, Kate Rowley & Lorna Allsop) Thanks to Sally Reynolds, Avril Hepner, Carolyn Nabarro, Dawn Marshall, Evelyn McFarland, Jackie Parker, Jeff Brattan-Wilson, Jenny Wilkins, Mark Nelson, Melinda Napier, Mischa Cooke & Sarah Lawrence

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Contacts & sites Adam Schembri a.schembri@ucl.ac.uk Ramas Rentelis r.rentelis@ucl.ac.uk Jordan Fenlon j.fenlon@ucl.ac.uk Rose Stamp r.stamp@ucl.ac.uk DCAL Research Center, UCL www.dcal.ucl.ac.uk Project site www.bslcorpusproject.org

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