ENVR 102 Address 2 (b) Henry David Thoreau.


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ENVR 102 Address 2 (b) Henry David Thoreau Craig Callender Naomi Oreskes Winter 2008 Two noteworthy understandings of issues in question in ecological insurance… Excellence Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) American author, writer, artist
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ENVR 102 Lecture 2 (b) Henry David Thoreau Craig Callender Naomi Oreskes Winter 2008

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Two noteworthy understandings of issues in question in natural protection…

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Beauty

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Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) American author, writer, artist Abolitionist family, Mother and sisters were originators of Women’s Anti-Slavery Society of Concord. Supporter of “simple life” “Patron saint” of American natural development

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Many champions of “civilization,” gloated over American “improvements.” Thoreau would champion the benefit of leaving things alone…

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Thoreau’s life Born in Concord Massachusetts Graduated from Harvard 1837 Worked for time in family pencil organization. Developed the advanced pencil: strategy of heating graphite into chambers, then embeddings into opening penetrated into wood

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Concord, Massachusetts Home to various powerful American authors, Louisa May Alcott, Ralph Emerson, Hawthorne Transcendentalist development: discovering profound truths in nature…

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For Thoreau, the more nature, the better… Nature evoked every one of that was best in man, all that mattered most in life

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1839 outing to White Mountains with sibling

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Wildness wellspring of force, motivation, quality Cities and towns made men feeble and dull. Overabundance of human progress maybe even clarified breakdown of developments (Rome: Romulus and Remus suckled by wolves…)

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Wildness wellspring of excellence, motivation “Not just for quality however magnificence the writer must, every once in a while, venture to every part of the logger’s way and the Indian’s trail…”

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Wilderness wellspring of internal quality By voyaging outwards into nature, far from diversions of human progress, man could voyaged internal into his own spirit. Peace and isolation of nature permitted one to discover oneself. Thomas Wolfe: To discover oneself one needed to leave the world.

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Wilderness as rude awakening In nature, far from towns and urban communities, we “settle ourselves, and work and wedge our feet descending through the mud and slosh of conclusion, and bias, and custom, and delusion…till we go to a hard base and rocks set up, which we call reality .”

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Thoreau’s encounters with nature 1839, River stumble on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers in vessel he constructed (with rother John (kicked the bucket of tetatnus two years after the fact) Hikes in Maine: 1846, first of three outings Ascent of Mt Katahdin Life on Walden Pond, starting 1845 “I went to the forested areas on the grounds that I wished to live deliberately.”

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Life on Walden Pond

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Went to Walden 1845 1 room lodge Lived alone Grew vegetables in 2 1/2 section of land homestead, lived for the most part as vegan Rowed watercraft on lake Recorded life, especially subtle elements of lake, woods, changes of season, his musings Wrote “A week on Concord and Merrimack Rivers” Wrote Walden later

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Not precisely wild, just two or three miles from his family home…

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More like a trial in straightforward living Still, he lived without numerous “creature comforts” Ate almost no meat Paid extraordinary regard for his encompassing, surroundings Focused his consideration on the regular world, instead of issues of men

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It wasn’t exceptionally long… 2 years, 2 months, 2 days. (1845-46) Yet, individuals didn’t regard it as short. Regarded it as something extremely critical, significant.

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Extremely powerful Walden , or Life in Woods , sold well Thoreau got to be renowned. Paid off his obligations, earned sensible living from composing (expositions, verse) Survey in 1990, Walden most regularly taught book in American writing courses

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Idea of living purposely profoundly influential…

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…beyond simply living in a hovel 1849: On Civil Disobedience … Essay on obligation of men to refust to bolster unjustifiable administration I HEARTILY ACCEPT the witticism, "That government is best which oversees least"; and I ought to like to see it misbehaved to all the more quickly and efficiently. Did, it at long last adds up to this, which likewise I trust, "That government is best which oversees not under any condition A call for disorder? some administration essential?

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Citizens have commitments Obligation not to bolster unreasonable acts or laws: It is not a man\'s obligation, as is normally done, to give himself to the annihilation of any, even the most colossal wrong; he may in any case appropriately have different worries to draw in him; however it is his obligation, at any rate, to disavow it, and, on the off chance that he gives it no idea longer, not to give it for all intents and purposes his backing.

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“Passive resistance” To decline to bolster foul play or to comply with an unjustifiable law Therefore, declined to pay expenses to condition of Massachusetts until bondage nullified ( furthermore contrary to Mexican war) Called on all abolitionists to do same.

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Willingness to go to imprison “ Under an administration which detains any shamefully, the genuine spot for a simply man is likewise a prison” Six years, declined to pay survey impose July 23 1846, captured, served one night in prison. “The night in jail was novel and fascinating enough” Released when somebody paid (his close relative? Emerson?) the assessment on his benefit.

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Also bolstered justness of infringing upon law effectively when moral circumstance made it unmistakably right

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Thoreau’s backing of John Brown Speech: “A Plea for Captain John Brown” (1859) John Brown, savage abolitionist who drove strike on government munititions stockpile at Harper’s Ferry, with objective of furnishing slaves… Advocated equipped rebellion Tried for injustice, hanged 1859 Spark for common war

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Most Americans frightened by Brown Including most abolitionists Essentially considered him to be “terrorist” Lincolm called him a “misguided fan Thoreau’s bolster changed perspectives of numerous abolitionists, Brown’s passing started a flash, saw as serving to trigger Civil War Later got to be American legend, martyr…

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On Civil Disobedience Incredibly powerful work Cited by Danish resistance development amid Nazi occupation Inspiration for on Mohandas Gandhi. Continuously conveyed duplicate in his gear, read it in prison. 1950s, Censored by Senator Joe McCarthy (expelled from US Information Service Libraries)

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Inspiration to war resisters in 1960s: Reverend William Sloane Coffin (1967) cited Thoreau “I would remind my comrades that they are to be men in the first place, and Americans just at a late and advantageous hour.”

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Most broadly, Martin Luther King "I got to be persuaded that noncooperation with malice is as much an ethical commitment as is collaboration with great. No other individual has been more articulate and energetic in getting this thought crosswise over than Henry David Thoreau. As an aftereffect of his compositions and individual witness, we are the beneficiaries of a legacy of innovative protest." - Martin Luther King, Jr , Autobiography , Chapter 2

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What does environmentalism need to do with abolitionism? Freedom… A man who could live autonomously could likewise think autonomously

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Thoreau’s notoriety attached to his way of life as autonomous mastermind, additionally as an impression of his age, and a particularly American soul, fixing to American land

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Memorial in 1946 (centennial of his time at Walden) “American genius…at once genuinely American and in the meantime a free lance…an motivation for mettle and independence… “He presents as optimism and acknowledgment of a type of equity, an ethical code, an ethica conduct, that bears the shade and tinge of Americanism…the thought-structure about the nineteenth century getting it done.

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Cast as an American saint Independence Freedom Love of freedom Self-adequacy Individualism… But… Hostile to numerous parts of American life, corporate greed, industry, materialism… Support for John Brown would search today like backing for terrorism.

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Paradoxes of Thoreau’s life Amount of time at Walden was short He didn\'t carry on with his life in wilds. He “visited” wild nature. “Man as visitor” … thought with enduring reverberation. Not a contention for living in nature, utilizing nature for human closures.

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What he came to backer was fairly humble: Every group ought to have a “park, or rather a primitive woodland, of five hundred or a thousand sections of land, where a stick ought to never be cut for fuel, a typical ownership perpetually, for direction and entertainment. Thought of nature took off alone, yet as a spot for man to unwind, reproduce, and be “Instructed.”

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Found Katahdin destroy and alarming Later in life, finished up man required a parity

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Died of Tuberculosis in 1862, age of 44

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Thoreau exceedingly powerful to later advancement of environmentalism in USA Idea that saving some wild nature is key. That ranges must be put aside to as jam Wilderness will vanish on the off chance that we don’t. Be that as it may, not so we can live in nature, yet rather so we can visit it. In insight into the past, not by any stretch of the imagination at that radical….

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But it appeared to be radical at the time… on accou

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