Federalism.


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Government ran the military, Post Office, and assembled streets and waterways ... States likely still handle around 99 percent of the prosecution in the US ...
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Slide 1

Federalism It truly is the United States

Slide 2

What is federalism? Elements of government are isolated amongst state and central governments. Nationals are individuals from (no less than) two unique governments. Individuals inside the same nation can lead altogether different lawful and political lives (servitude, capital punishment, family law)

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Why federalism? At the point when the US Constitution was made (when we were under the Articles of Confederation) the states were the predominant political power in individuals\' lives States had distinctive societies (religion, sustenance, music, accents, and legislative issues) States were most appropriate in tackling neighborhood issues Limited correspondences and travel Localized economies

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Constitution– cutoff points to elected gov 10 th change – powers not given to the national government return to the states or the general population Expressed forces – Congress restricted to those forces portrayed in Article I, Section 8 Federal Bill of rights just applies to central government ("Congress might make no law")

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Constitution – influence of the elected gov Supremacy provision – Federal law is the "preeminent tradition that must be adhered to" Commerce proviso – Congress gets the opportunity to direct exchange "among the few states" General welfare condition – Congress can burn through cash to advance the general welfare "Full confidence and credit"

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The Early days Federal Bill of Rights did not influence the states Slavery Criminal, contract, family law managed by the states (capital punishment, divorce, criminal sentences, religious flexibility) Federal government ran the military, Post Office, and fabricated streets and waterways between states – states did evreything else

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But then . . . Common War – states don\'t have the privilege to leave the Union and must withstand be elected law 14 th alteration – "due procedure" proviso – Federal Bill of Rights applies to the states 14 th change - "Equivalent insurance of the law" – government can secure against separation by the states

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And then – business condition Industrialization and enhanced transportation and correspondence imply that bringing together financial strategy starts to bode well – trade condition begins being utilized as a part of the 1930s Congress starts to control the lowest pay permitted by law laws, unionization assurances, laborer wellbeing laws, tyke work laws . . . Premature birth, firearms. Heart of Atlanta Motel v US (1964) Gonzales v Raich (2005)

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And then – General welfare Congress starts to spend a lot of cash to construct streets, extensions, schools, and other base They connect strings to that cash 21 drinking age 55 speed limit

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Federalism today States presumably still handle around 99 percent of the suit in the US Still wide assortment in a few regions from state to state (gay marriage, firearm control, divorce) however a few regions have less assortment (fetus removal, assurance of racial minorities, elected wrongdoings like capturing or victimizing a bank)

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Federalim considered Advantages: "Labs of vote based system" (welfare change), address neighborhood issues and concerns, open doors for nearby cooperation Disadvantages: Government administrations can shift (schools), Inconsistency and disarray (driving laws), "race to the base"