Feelings and Humanoid Robot Theater Part 2 .


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Humanoid robots help autistic children. Outline. Motivation of the creators Autistic disorders A survey of the research Why robots might help The field of research Conclusions. Motivation. Research in Human-Robot Interaction Looking for a killer application
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Slide 1

Humanoid robots help mentally unbalanced kids

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Outline Motivation of the makers Autistic issue A study of the exploration Why robots may help The field of examination Conclusions

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Motivation Research in Human-Robot Interaction Looking for an executioner application ad, receptionists, multi-media stands, theater and establishments, help elderly and incapacitated grown-ups, typical tyke supervision toys Better – How would we be able to utilize robots to individuals?

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Autistic Disorders 1 of 300 youngsters determined to have a mental imbalance with rates ascending To contrast and different ilnesses: 1 of 800 kids determined to have Down disorder 1 of 450 kids determined to have adolescent diabetes 1 of 333 kids will create tumor by age 20 Diagnosis as of now mentioned through behavioral objective fact no blood test or hereditary screening is accessible there is confirmation of a hereditary connection, so might be tests will arrive

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Autistic Disorders: What are their Characteristics ? Failure to identify with other individuals Little utilization of eye contact with other individuals Difficulty understanding signals and outward appearances Difficulties with verbal & non-verbal correspondence Difficulty comprehension other\'s goals, emotions, and mental states

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Why Use Robots for youngsters with extreme introvertedness? Most youngsters, incorporating kids with a mental imbalance , are pulled in to robots. This regular fondness is abused, and the robot is utilized as an intelligent toy . Robots may give a less undermining environment than communicating with individuals. Robots can give a redundant and more unsurprising environment. This "protected" environment can tenderly push a tyke with a mental imbalance towards human connection. Here tell about my own encounters with extremely introverted children in our lab and the "president of Intel story"

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There is an association of a mental imbalance to impersonation One hypothesis : Autism might be brought about by early debilitations in impersonation and shared consideration (Rogers & Pennington, 1991) (Baron-Cohen, 1995) Imitation is an arrangement of correspondence , a way to express intrigue and draw in others in collaboration (Nadel, 1999) Idea: Use a doll-like robot to connect with youngsters with a mental imbalance and show essential imitative communication abilities From: K. Dautenhahn, and A. Billard, Games Children with Autism Can Play With Robota, a Humanoid Robotic Doll, Proc. first Cambridge Workshop on Universal Access and Assistive Technology , 2002

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1. Research from Switzerland, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Development of "Robota" robots for extremely introverted kids A six-year old mentally unbalanced kid playing with Robota . He appeared to be interested about Robota\'s head developments thus he touches the doll. From: K. Dautenhahn, and A. Billard, Games Children with Autism Can Play With Robota, a Humanoid Robotic Doll, Proc. first Cambridge Workshop on Universal Access and Assistive Technology , 2002

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Imitation Using "Robota … permits the youngster to comprehend that the doll\'s development begins from his own development ( feeling of organization ) It comprehends that the doll\'s development is constrained to a confined class of development ( improves purposeful activity )" From: J. Nadel, "Early Imitation and a Sense of Agency," Proc. 4 th Intl. Workshop on Epigenetic Robots, 2004

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A mentally unbalanced kid playing " pursuing " amusements with the versatile robot From: K. Dautenhahn, and A. Billard, Games Children with Autism Can Play With Robota, a Humanoid Robotic Doll, Proc. first Cambridge Workshop on Universal Access and Assistive Technology , 2002

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Joint Attention Using Robota is controlled by means of teleoperation by the specialist. From: B. Robins, P. Dickerson, and K. Dautenhahn, "Robots as Embodied Beings – Interactionally Sensitive Body Movements In Interactions Among Autistic Children and a Robot," Proc. RO-MAN 2005

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Investigator remotely energizes collaboration and immitation by youngsters Two mentally unbalanced kids: Note Andy\'s look at Jack. The specialist urges the kids to demonstrate each other how they can communicate with the robot. The robot won\'t move unless the youngsters demonstrate the same development , i.e., they should cooperate.

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Andy and Jack touch each other to adjust themselves while every raising a leg.

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Adam demonstrates no enthusiasm for his colleagues and typically tries to keep away from whatever remains of the youngsters. Yet, Adam is occupied with Robota. Adam grasps Rob\'s hand to demonstrate to him generally accepted methods to connect with Robota.

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The new model of Robota The present model of the doll-molded humanoid robot Robota is introduced here. The utilization of the robot Robota as a feature of studies with debilitated youngsters sets various imperatives on its configuration. Specifically, it requires that the robot bears a human similarity both in its body highlights and in the kinematics of its movements. The present configuration comprises in a 23 degrees of opportunity abdominal area, including a 3 DOFs spine, two 7 DOFs arm, a 3 DOFs pair of eyes and a 3 DOFs neck.

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The model of arm The present model of arm is a 6 DOFs arm with a 1 DOF gripper . It is 26 centimeter long for 700gr. The engines were dimensioned in order to convey an outer heap of up to 200 gr. The diverse DOFs were intended to be reversible , with a specific end goal to give an interface to educating the robot by exhibit. The initial three degrees of opportunity are put in the shoulder. The three pivot tomahawks cross at the same point. This infers the elbow proceeds onward a circle. We have one DOF in the elbow and two DOFs in the wrist . The gripper is made out of 3 fingers activated by one single DOF. To have an outright measure of the position of every joint, we have put potentiometers on every hub. We can, subsequently, measure the total position of the arm when the arm is exchanged on, and, henceforth, introduce the engine encoders without sending the engines to the reset position. This guarantees insignificant dangers when the robot cooperates with kids, by keeping any automatic movement if the robot ought to reset itself.

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The model of eyes A model of a 3 DOFs pair of eyes has been developped. One DOF drives the level pivot of the two eyes and the two different DOFs drive the vertical revolution of every eye. In this way, the robot can wink however not squint! In every eye, we have set one \'\'cell phone\'\' CMOS camera . The important limitation in this venture is the tasteful of the robot. We utilize then genuine doll eyes that we change to embed the cameras, by penetrating a small opening through the student, ensuring that the iris stays in place. The volume of the eyes is, in any case, too little to contain the electronic board (that returns to the computerized transformation of the picture). In this manner, the sensor must be associated with the board through a flex link in a manner that the link is not obstructing the development of the eyes.

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The model of neck For the model of Robota\'s neck, we have 3 DOFs (trim, pitch and roll). These are set in arrangement, beginning with ribbon, and, then pitch and roll. The framework has been intended to bolster a heap of 400gr , with the goal that it could in any case drive the leader of the robot in any position. Pitch and Roll are controlled by transmission through an arrangement of links and pulleys, while Lace is controlled by an immediate drive from the engine. Utilizing direct drive and link transmission minimizes the shot of experiencing backfire issues.

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The model of spine The present model of spine drives two DOFs for front-back and left-right bowing individually. The third DOF of the middle, bolstered by the spine, drives the flat revolution of the shoulders. The spine is around 200mm high for a distance across of 90mm. It weights around 1Kg and backings a heap of 2Kg situated at 80mm on the spine. This relates to the evaluated mass of the present models and position of the mass focus of the two arms and the head. To acquire a smooth ebb and flow along the spine, we have utilized a low weight water driven framework . Four cylinders are put at every level of the spine (there are four levels), two for each DOF. To move the spine, we have two engines set in its base. Utilizing a decrease rigging, every engine transmits the development to an unending screw that moves two cylinders filling in as a pump.

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2. Research from Japan Interacting with Keepon is controlled by means of teleoperation. From: H. Kozima, C. Nakagawa, and Y. Yasuda, "Intuitive Robots for Communication-Care: A Case Study in Autism Therapy," Proc. RO-MAN 2005

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Keepon is a robot that sees you and tracks you Views from Keepon\'s camera eyes

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Attentive activity Emotive activity Keepon \'s kinematic system. Two gimbals are associated by four wires; the lower gimbal is driven by two engines. Another engine turns the entire inward structure; Yet another drives the skull descending for swaying.

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Enabling Interaction Eye-contact : Referring to each other\'s mental states Joint consideration: Sharing the perceptual data Enables individuals to trade aim and feeling toward an objective.

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Dyadic and triadic cooperations Emergence of dyadic association . Unconstrained activities to Keepon (left) and activities duplicated from others (right). Rise of triadic connection . The tyke finds fervor in Keepon (left) and afterward takes a gander at the grown-up to share the energy (right). kid

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3. Yale University Scassellati : Using Robots for Autism Diagnosis ESRA Playtest From: B. Scassellati , "Quantitative Metrics of Social Response for Autism Diagnosis," Proc. RO-MAN 2005

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Autism Diagnosis Methods 1. Response to the ESRA robot with and without the face setup Can produce

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