Florida\'s Demographic Trends… Present and Future Dr. Tim Chapin Department of Urban & Regional Planning Center for Demography and Population Health Florida State University Presentation at the Florida State Victims Assistance Academy (FSVAA) Conference West Palm Beach, Florida July 28, 2008Slide 2
Aspects of Population of Interest to Service Providers When it comes to populace, benefit experts are regularly intrigued by the accompanying: 1) Population size and development , 2) Population sythesis , 3) Population dissemination , 4) Changes in these elements after some time , 5) Potential Consequences of these progressions . Today, we\'ll examine significant populace drifts in the United States and Florida, with an eye towards seeing how and why specialist co-ops ought to know about these patterns.Slide 3
Topic #1: Population GrowthSlide 4
Pop Quiz 1. How crowded was Florida in 1850? What were the most crowded spots & regions? 2. How crowded was Florida in 1900? What were the most crowded spots & districts? 3. How crowded was Florida in 1950? What were the most crowded spots & provinces? 4. How crowded was Florida in 2000? What were the most crowded spots & regions?Slide 5
Ongoing Population Growth Roughly 90,000 Just more than 500,000 Almost 3 million Almost 16 millionSlide 6
Florida Population Today As of the 2000 Census, Florida had very nearly 16 million inhabitants (15,982,378). By 2000, Florida was the country\'s fourth biggest state, with the desire that in the following 20 years it would pass New York for third Place. Amid the 1990s, the state included more than 3 million new occupants, a rate of development of approximately 23.5%. Different Indicators of the State\'s Economic Activity The State University System developed by more than 70,000 understudies in the 1990s (very nearly two new FSUs). It is evaluated that the state invited more than 75 million guests in 2005.Slide 7
Florida Today Florida stays one of the quickest developing states in the nation, even in the wake of including 300,000 net new inhabitants for every year for each of the last thirty-five years. This development has set strains on huge numbers of the state\'s framework, urban administration, and social administration frameworks: Roads, Potable water supplies, Solid waste Police and fire, EMS, Courts Homeless havens, Free facilities, Victim help Despite late financial issues, there is each motivation to trust this development will persevere through… the Florida Boom proceeds with not a single end to be foundSlide 8
Projected Population GrowthSlide 9
Florida Population Growth The state\'s authentic populace gauge predicts another 3 million new inhabitants for each decade for a long time to come. Holding different components consistent, then, social administration needs are relied upon to increment by more than 30% in the vicinity of 2000 and 2015.Slide 10
Topic #2: Population CompositionSlide 11
Pop Quiz By 2000, how huge was Florida\'s elderly populace? In 2000, what rate of Florida\'s inhabitants were matured 65+? What rate of Florida\'s occupants are Foreign Born? What rate of Florida\'s inhabitants don\'t communicate in English at home?Slide 12
Population Composition Population creation : The qualities of the populace being considered. Among those qualities of most intrigue : - - Age - - Race/Ethnicity - - Country of origin - - Language spoken Trends Affecting Population Composition The United States and Florida experienced many changes in these traits all through the Twentieth Century: 1) A maturing populace 2) An inexorably racially and ethnically assorted populace 3) An undeniably socially and phonetically various populaceSlide 13
Population Pyramids One method for taking a gander at changes in the arrangement of a populace is through Population Pyramids . Populace pyramids demonstrate the structure of a populace by age and sex (or the percent of the aggregate populace in every age-sex companion). These pyramids ordinarily demonstrate the accompanying: - - Males on left side/Females on the correct side - - Age amasses as individual accomplices going from youngest on the base to most seasoned on the topSlide 14
U.S. Populace Pyramids 1900, 1950, 2000 Baby Boom Baby BoomletSlide 15
Florida Population Pyramid, 2000 Baby Boom Baby BoomletSlide 16
The Growth of the Elderly PopulationSlide 17
Yes, We\'re as Old as We Think We Seem to be!Slide 18
… And We\'re Only Getting OlderSlide 19
America HAS Changed The "Reliance Ratio" 1900-2050 (Children and Elderly per 100 People) Children ElderlySlide 20
… But We\'ve Got Lots of College Kids, Too! Florida\'s Booming Higher Ed SystemSlide 21
The U.S. as a Melting PotSlide 22
The Growth in the Hispanic PopulationSlide 23
Ethnicity Matters: The Demographic Differences Between Hispanics and Non-HispanicsSlide 24
Florida as an "Entryway State" Florida is one of a few "passage expresses" that take in by far most of outsiders to the United States. (CA, TX, NY) As of 2005, approximately 1 in 6 (16%) of Florida occupants were conceived outside of the United States.Slide 25
Impacts of the Melting Pot A Large Percentage of Foreign Born Residents The 2000 Census found that 2.7 million Florida inhabitants were Foreign Born (16.7% of the state\'s populace). Florida positioned 5 th in the country on this measure. Numerous Households Where English is not Spoken at Home The 2000 Census found that very nearly 3.5 million Florida inhabitants talk a dialect other than English at home (23.1% of the state\'s populace). Florida positioned 8 th in the country on this measure.Slide 26
Why Demographics Matter Crime measurements confirm an extremely straightforward message: Demographics Matter! Wrongdoing rates keep on varying by key statistic qualities, including: Age : Peak exploitation rates between 12-25 Race : Blacks are casualties at a higher rate than Whites Ethnicity : Hispanics are defrauded at a higher rate than non-Hispanics Gender : Generally, Males will probably be casualties than Females Elderly Crime : More than nine in ten violations against the elderly were property wrongdoingsSlide 27
Why Demographics Matter: Age http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/look/vage.htmSlide 28
Why Demographics Matter: RaceSlide 29
Why Demographics Matter: GenderSlide 30
Topic #3: Population DistributionSlide 31
Population Distribution Population conveyance : The area of populace crosswise over geology/space. Patterns Shaping Population Distribution Major moves in populace conveyance happened in the Twentieth Century in the United States: - Concentration : Movement from Rural to Metro Areas - Deconcentration : Movement from Cities to Suburbs Service suppliers ought to be keen on these progressions as they will affect the area and kind of administrations required by the populace.Slide 32
Population Distribution in FloridaSlide 33
Concentration Illustrated Roughly 4 of each 5 Americans lives in a metropolitan territory now.Slide 34
Deconcentration Illustrated As of 2000, 1 of each 2 Americans lives in a rural zone.Slide 35
Growth in the Burbs and Exurbs: 2000-2015 Pop Growth Rates by County Major Population Trends in FL Growth all through Florida Ongoing development in SW FL Continued Orlando MSA Boom Emergence of FGNSlide 36
Topic #4: HouseholdsSlide 37
Pop Quiz What was the normal family measure in… - - 1900 - - 1950 - - 2000 2) If you were an engineer, which of the accompanying item specialties do you believe is the best place to profit: "McMansions" (>4000 sq ft homes) Conventional rural areas Zero Lot Line Homes Condos and Multi-family loftsSlide 38
Households Get Smaller, While Homes Get BiggerSlide 39
"Abandon it to Beaver" Getting Left BehindSlide 40
most by far (~90%) of new families made in the following two decades won\'t contain youngsters. Specifically, parts more "singles" families will appear.Slide 41
Why Location Matters Traditionally Americans have believed that Crime, particularly Violent Crime, is an internal city issue. There is some truth to this view, yet Crime (like individuals) is suburbanizing. Urban families keep on being the most helpless against property wrongdoing, robbery, engine vehicle burglary and robbery. Be that as it may, rural wrongdoing is up; In some metro territories wrongdoing rates are becoming speedier in rural zones than in urban ranges.Slide 42
Summing Up: Part I Florida will keep on booming. There will be a developing requirement for administrations (in a financial atmosphere where less subsidizing might be accessible). There is a maturing populace, with approximately 1 in 4 Floridians of elderly age by 2025. There will be expanded (and concentrated) requests for elderly administrations. A populace that keeps on broadening. Specialist organizations should perceive and be set up for progressively complex families, social settings, and dialect issues.Slide 43
Summing Up: Part II Suburbanization and exurbanization seem set to proceed. Administrations will be required over a more extensive geographic range, to an undeniably (geologically) detached populace. Non-youngsters families, particularly "singles" family units, are the place the development is. While there might be an accentuation upon wedded couple family units as well as families with kids, family unit patterns are moving far from this great rural family show.Slide 44
Where to Go for Information on Demographic Conditions and Trends The Best Source: The Census Bureau http://www.census.gov See particularly the "Quickfacts" segment of their site Sources for Florida Specific Information Bureau of Economic and Business Research (BEBR) at the University of Florida Center for Demography and Population Health at Florida State University Sources for Local Data Your City/County Planning Departments
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