From War to Icy War 2. A "Old Soldier" in War and Cool War- - Douglas MacArthur.


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From War to Frosty War 2. A "Old Soldier" in War and Frosty War- - Douglas MacArthur History 203 April 25, 2007 Extensions paper due April 30 Midterm Exam May 7 Degrees trial papers due Mon., April 30 at class time. Guidelines at: http://www.uoregon.edu/~dapope/203scopes.htm
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Slide 1

From War to Cold War 2. A "Old Soldier" in War and Cold War- - Douglas MacArthur History 203 April 25, 2007

Slide 2

Scopes paper due April 30 Midterm Exam May 7 Scopes trial papers due Mon., April 30 at class time. Guidelines at: http://www.uoregon.edu/~dapope/203scopes.htm Midterm exam paper inquiries and directions are on the web at www.uoregon.edu/~dapope/203midtermessays- - sp07.htm

Slide 3

Some Websites on Cold War Origins and on Douglas MacArthur Cold War International History Project CNN Cold War History Series site Documents identifying with the choice to drop the nuclear bomb Hiroshima file (from Lewis and Clark College) Cold War Policies 1945-1991 (course of events with connections) PBS “American Experience” show on MacArthur Art and society of possessed Japan online display George Kennan site

Slide 4

“Why We Fight”: Morale and Propaganda on the Home Front

Slide 5

Images of the Enemy

Slide 6

Total War and the Economy

Slide 7

A War Economy War as Depression Cure? Development of “Big Government” Government spending and exhausting A “Military-Industrial Complex” A Changing Labor Force Fair Employment Practices Commission—Racial separation banned on Federal contracts Women workers— “Rosie the Riveter” and others

Slide 8

Statistics on the War Economy FEDERAL BUDGET AND WORLD WAR II Revenue Expenditure 1939â â â â â â â â â â â â  $ 6.6 billionâ â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â  $ 9.4 billion 1945â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â  50.2 billionâ â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â  95.2 billion UNEMPLOYMENT 1940â â â â â â â  14.1 % 1944â â â â â â â â â  1.2 % NATIONAL DEBT AS PERCENT OF TOTAL OUTPUT 1940â â â â â â â  43 % 1945â â â â â â  123 % PROPORTION OF WOMEN  IN PAID LABOR FORCE 1940â â â â â â â  19.4 % 1945â â â â â â â  36.3 %

Slide 9

Ending the Hot War, 1945- - Europe Yalta Conference—February 1945 Victory in Europe, May 8 “Spheres of Influence” in Europe? At right: Churchill, FDR and Stalin at Yalta

Slide 10

Ending the Pacific War and the Decision to Drop the Bomb “Island Hopping” and the Firebombing of Tokyo, March 1945 An American intrusion of terrain Japan— How excessive would it be? Would it be essential? The topic of unlimited surrender and the head The firebombing of Tokyo—perhaps 100,000 killed, 1,000,000 left destitute in a six-hour period.

Slide 11

The Bomb and the Cold War The Manhattan Project Los Alamos, NM Bomb test—Trinity site, close Alamogordo, NM July 16, 1945 Truman at Potsdam Conference with Stalin and British leader From Truman’s diaries: “On July 24 I coolly said to Stalin that we had another weapon of unordinary damaging power. The Russian Premier demonstrated no extraordinary hobby. All he said would he say he was happy to hear it and trusted we would make "good utilization of it against the Japanese."

Slide 12

The Bomb and the Cold War Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima (August 6) and Nagasaki (August 8): Why? Stay away from territory intrusion? Keep USSR out of Asian war and point of confinement its impact? Arrived really a choice to utilize the bomb? Truman on August 9: "Having discovered the bomb we have utilized it.”

Slide 13

Japanese Surrender VJ day kiss, New York, Aug. 14, 1945; formal surrender on Battleship Missouri, Sept. 1, 1945.

Slide 14

American Power and the Cold War U.S. strength after World War II The Bomb Economic Might Truman’s Confrontational Style: Truman scrutinizes Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov: "I have never been conversed with like that in my life," and Truman said, "Carry out your assentions and you won\'t be conversed with like that." Truman then left the room. After war Soviet Union Great Power Destiny? Comrade Expansionism? Guarded Nationalism?

Slide 15

The Origins of Containment George F. Kennan— “The Sources of Soviet Conduct” Truman Doctrine, March 1947: “I trust that it must be the strategy of the United States to bolster free people groups who are opposing endeavored oppression by furnished minorities or by outside pressures.”

Slide 16

The Marshall Plan Secretary of State George C. Marshall, June 1947: "Europe\'s necessities are such a great amount of more prominent than her present capacity to pay that she must have significant extra assist or with confronting monetary, social, and political decay of an extremely grave character."

Slide 17

Cold War: Divided Europe, Nuclear World NATO (1949) and the Warsaw Pact (1955) Soviet Atomic Bomb, 1949 Hydrogen Bombs—U.S. 1952, USSR 1953 Top: NATO arrangement marked in Washington, D.C., 1949 Bottom: Soviet atomic weapons—at right, a model like the first Russian nuclear bomb, 1949

Slide 18

Cold War Alliances: NATO and Warsaw Pact

Slide 19

General Douglas MacArthur 1880-1964

Slide 20

MacArthur: Making a Military Career A Hero’s Son Douglas MacArthur and the peacetime armed force FDR calls MacArthur “one of the two most risky men in America” Military charge in the Philippines At this site, there’s an intelligent guide of MacArthur’s goes far and wide for the duration of his life

Slide 21

MacArthur and World War II Japanese assault on the Philippines, December 8, 1941 MacArthur to Australia, March 1942: “I should return.” Repression and resistance in the Philippines MacArthur returns—Battle of Leyte, 1944

Slide 22

MacArthur in the wake of leaving the Philippines, 1942 “The President of the United States requested me to get through the Japanese lines and continue from Corregidor to Australia for the reason, as I comprehend it, of sorting out the American hostile against Japan, an essential goal of which is the help of the Philippines. I came through and I should return.”

Slide 23

MacArthur Returns: Leyte Gulf, 1944

Slide 24

MacArthur and Occupied Japan MacArthur as reformer: Ending head love Land change Breaking up the z aibatsu Women increase right to vote Demilitarizing Japan

Slide 25

Advertisement 1945: "Let\'s All Make a Bright Future for Japan: Sumitomo Bank"

Slide 27

MacArthur and the Korean War Korea from Japanese province to partitioned nation Communist North Korea assaults South Korea, June 1950 MacArthur lands at Inchon, pushes N. Korea back, close to the Yalu River outskirt with China Nov. 1950—China enters the war, US and South Korea withdraw Early 1951: Military circumstance balances out For a progression of Korean war maps, se

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