FTT 308 Prologue to Telecast News coverage.


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FTT 308 Prologue to Telecast News-casting Gary Sieber Presentation What is "News"? Presentation What is "News"? Word reference says: 1) New data about anything. 2) Late happenings. 3) Reports of such occasions, on the whole. 4) A daily paper or show news program. What Is News?
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FTT 308 Introduction to Broadcast Journalism Gary Sieber

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Introduction What is “News”?

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Introduction What is “News”? Lexicon says: 1) New data about anything. 2) Recent happenings. 3) Reports of such occasions, all in all. 4) A daily paper or show news program.

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What Is News? 8 determinants of newsworthiness: Importance (to the best # of viewers)

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What Is News? 8 determinants of newsworthiness: Importance (to the best # of viewers) Interest (paying little mind to significance)

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What Is News? 8 determinants of newsworthiness: Importance (to the best # of viewers) Interest (paying little heed to significance) Controversy

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What Is News? 8 determinants of newsworthiness: Importance (to the best # of viewers) Interest (paying little mind to significance) Controversy The Unusual (“Man chomps dog!”)

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What Is News? 8 determinants of newsworthiness: Importance (to the best # of viewers) Interest (paying little mind to significance) Controversy The Unusual (“Man nibbles dog!”) Timeliness

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What Is News? 8 determinants of newsworthiness: Importance (to the best # of viewers) Interest (paying little heed to significance) Controversy The Unusual (“Man nibbles dog!”) Timeliness Proximity

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What Is News? 8 determinants of newsworthiness: Importance (to the best # of viewers) Interest (paying little mind to significance) Controversy The Unusual (“Man chomps dog!”) Timeliness Proximity Celebrity

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What Is News? 8 determinants of newsworthiness: Importance (to the best # of viewers) Interest (paying little respect to significance) Controversy The Unusual (“Man chomps dog!”) Timeliness Proximity Celebrity Caught on Tape!

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Introduction What is “News”? Some option thoughts: “News is the thing that individuals discuss amid espresso breaks.”

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Introduction What is “News”? Some option thoughts: “News is the thing that individuals discuss amid espresso breaks.” “News means going ahead and opening up the discussion of individuals themselves.” – James Carey, Columbia University.

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Introduction What is “News”? Some option thoughts: “News is the thing that individuals discuss amid espresso breaks.” “News means continuing and increasing the discussion of individuals themselves.” – James Carey, Columbia University. “News is more than an insignificant gathering of certainties - News means telling stories.”

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NewsCenter 16 45.9% Prime 17.5% Access 8.8% Late Fringe 6.6% Daytime (9a-4p) 5.5% Today Show 4.6% Olympics 4.6% Early Fringe (4-5pm) 3.0% Sports 2.2% Infomercials 1.4% TOTAL 100% Fiscal Year % of Revenue

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News Revenue By Program NewsCenter 16 @10/11pm(M-F) 24.4% NewsCenter 16 Morning Show(M-F) 22.3% NewsCenter 16 @ 6pm(M-F) 20.2% NewsCenter 16 @ 5pm (M-F) 11.9% NewsCenter 16 Saturday Morning 6.5% NewsCenter 16 @ 10/11pm (Sat/Sun) 4.6% NewsCenter 16 @ 5:30pm (M-F, Win.) 4.0% NewsCenter 16 @ Noon (M-F) 2.5% NewsCenter 16 Sunday Morning 1.8% NewsCenter 16 @ 6pm (Sat/Sun) 1.7%

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Introduction Differences among the Media (plural, not particular)

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Introduction Differences among the Media (plural, not solitary) W. Phillips Davison - Columbia University humanist: Radio: “The cautioning medium.” Radio’s adequacy originates from the promptness of electronic correspondence.

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Introduction Differences among the Media (plural, not solitary) W. Phillips Davison - Columbia University humanist: Print (incl. Daily papers): “The illuminating medium.” Print has the novel capacity to handle many-sided quality and subtle element that the electronic media can\'t. It additionally has the advantage of time to amass intelligent and important investigations of occasions.

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Introduction Differences among the Media (plural, not solitary) W. Phillips Davison - Columbia University humanist: Television: “The including medium.” Television draws in the feelings of viewers in a manner that no other medium can. It joins the impacts of pictures, sound, story, and electronic promptness.

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Newsroom Organization and Structure

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Newsroom Organization and Structure

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Newsroom Organization and Structure

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Newsroom Organization and Structure

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Newsroom Organization and Structure

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Newsroom Organization and Structure

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Newsroom Organization and Structure

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Typical TV Station Departments Production Promotion Engineering Sales Programming Accounting Management

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16 mm Film Portability Ease of support Softer “feel” Splice-and-tape altering Difficulty with chronicle re-alters Audio popping Non-reusable medium No electronic yield

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Function of Producer No satellite coordination No IFB correspondence No worry about suitability of live material Mostly stacking and timing Not by and large considered an administration track position.

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Emergence of ENG and tape Originally exceptionally massive - not extremely versatile Electronic yield for liveshots Ease of altering (electronic, not joining) Harder “feel” - more keen edges, clarity CCD prompted enhanced low-light pictures No handling obliged Reusable medium

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Electronic News Gathering (ENG) Microwave signal “line of sight”

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Electronic News Gathering (ENG)

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Satellite News Gathering (SNG) Speed of light = 186,000 mi./sec. 1/4 sec. postponement between sender & recipient 22,300 miles (every way)

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Satellite News Gathering (SNG) Geosynchronous Orbit S D S x Earth

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Satellite News Gathering (SNG) Transponder = “transmitter/responder” various units on satellites that each get, intensify, & retransmit information transfers Window = opening of transponder time saved for utilization by buyer Uplink/Downlink C-Band Ku-Band “Bird” = “Satellite” (K2, Westar 3, and so forth.)

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“Being Told” versus “Being There” Viet Nam War 2-3 Days Elapsed Event Message Many Gatekeepers Importance of Anchors Time for Analysis & News Judgment Loss of Immediacy Photog/Rept. L.A.- Developer Producer Editor Ex. Goad. N.Y. - News Dir. Maker Ex. Goad. Grapple Editor

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“Being Told” versus “Being There” Iraq War Real Time - No Delay Event Message No Gatekeepers/Filters “Anticipation of News” - Not News Itself Increased Importance of Correspondents Participants Rather Than Observers Immediate & Engaging, But Not Necessarily Informing. Photog/Rept.

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Writing for Broadcast Not as simple as it looks . . . Then again sounds.

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Let’s Write a Haiku Traditional Japanese verse 17 syllables all out: 5-7-5 Doesn’t need to rhyme Usually has some reference to one of the year\'s seasons (however doesn’t need to for our activity).

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Haiku All that remaining parts of those bold warriors\' valor these late spring grasses Basho Haiku Master

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Why Haiku? It is like composing show news duplicate: Written on short due date. Can say a considerable measure in a short compass of time. Requests an economy of words (17 syllables!). Leaves space for just the most vital thoughts. Obliges exactness and precision. Viability relies on upon the words\' sound and in addition the importance. Must be perused so everyone can hear..

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Writing: Broadcast versus Print Print Broadcast

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Writing: Broadcast versus Print Print Broadcast Information processed Information processed by the eye by the ear

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Writing: Broadcast versus Print Print Broadcast Information processed Information processed by the eye by the ear Limited space Limited time

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Writing: Broadcast versus Print Print Broadcast Information processed Information processed by the eye by the ear Limited space Limited time Unlimited review One-go through medium

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Writing: Broadcast versus Print Print Broadcast Information processed Information processed by the eye by the ear Limited space Limited time Unlimited review One-go through medium Detailed/Formal Conversational

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Inverted Pyramid Most Important Lead sentence: Who, What, When, Where, Why, & How 5 W’s + H Least Important

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Writing for Broadcast Economy of Words Straight-line Meaning Sounds Good Passes the “So What?” Test Familiar Terms (Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis) Do Not “Write Down” to Your Audience!

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How Not to Write for Broadcast The Elkhart County Parks Board today has a superior thought what should be done to shore up the Goshen Dam. An engineer’s report prescribes covering the stone filled lattice gabions with a grout. The concentrate additionally calls for taking a shot at the earthen bank between the dam and the factory race to retard disintegration...

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How Not to Write for Broadcast The region is likewise sitting tight for a branch of regular assets report to discover what work will be required on the spillway itself. Parks authorities expect the D-N-R will suggest re-trying the substance of the dam… weight grouting inside the structure… and introducing a lasting stilling bowl to battle disintegration downstream...

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How Not to Write for Broadcast There’s no evaluation as of now h

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