Game and Society.

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Game and Society The Olympic Amusements – Old and Present day Recreations Question for Thought: What function(s) does (do) the Advanced Olympics satisfy? At the point when nations are welcome to take an interest in intl' rivalry, it is acknowledgment of their nation and govt'
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Game and Society The Olympic Games – Ancient and Modern Games

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Question for Consideration: What function(s) does (do) the Modern Olympics satisfy? At the point when nations are welcome to take an interest in intl’ rivalry, it is acknowledgment of their nation and govt’ Refusing to take part in intl’ rivalry with another nation is likened to cutting off conciliatory relations.

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Greece: 800-400B.C. – The Ancient Games Concept of “athlete” is credited to customs created inside of factions. Convention of first class, male competitor – game was utilized to demonstrate “Arete” – all out fabulousness – mental, moral, and physical. The Odyssey incorporates an assortment of undertakings with numerous references to wear. The Trojan Wars: Funeral Games for Patroclus (companion of Achilles) – forerunner for Olympics. Sparta reflected utilization of game and competitors by Govt. to assist the State. Sparta is first society to oblige regimen of activity for youngsters.

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Major Pan Hellenic Festivals (4 year cycle) Olympic (Zeus) Pythian (Apollo) Isthmian (Poseidon) Nemean (Zeus) Beginning of Olympics – 776 BC As the Olympics developed in significance: # of occasions expanded Facilities turned out to be more composed. Initially recreations were 3 days length Sacrifices and services Chariot races and different occasions Feasting, cheering, paying tribute to the divine beings

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Athletic Events in the Ancient Games: Footraces: Stade – 1 stadium length Diaulos – 2 stadium lengths Armored race Dolichos – long separation occasion The Jump Discus Javelin Wrestling The Pentathlon Boxing Horse and Chariot Racing

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Changes in the Festivals\' Function: Winning a wreath at an occasion was a characteristic of social qualification – while there were immediate prizes, winning brought about other outward, backhanded prizes. Victors were dealt with as legends – had statues raised at Mount Olympia. Steadily, competitors began to spend significant time in one occasion – earned their traveling so as to live from celebration to celebration. Steady impact of Christian and Roman rulers was end of Ancient Games Official banning of Olympics – Emperor Theodosius I (393 A.D)

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The Modern Olympics: Pierre De Coubertin – 1 st proposed Olympics thought in 1892 – not generally welcomed. Coubertin trusted development of IOC would be affected by neither national intrigues nor sport associations. Olympics were interested in all competitors – qualification was set up by the IOC.

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1896 - Athens 1900 - Paris 1904 - St. Louis 1906 - Athens ("Unofficial") 1908 - London 1912 - Stockholm 1916 - Not held 1920 - Antwerp 1924 - Paris 1928 - Amsterdam 1932 - Los Angeles 1936 - Berlin 1940 - Not held 1944 - Not held 1948 - London 1952 - Helsinki 1956 - Melbourne 1960 - Rome 1964 - Tokyo 1968 - Mexico City 1972 - Munich 1976 - Montreal 1980 - Moscow 1984 - Los Angeles 1988 - Seoul 1992 - Barcelona 1996 - Atlanta 2000 - Sydney Olympic Summer Game Timeline

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Schematic of the Original Olympic Ideal Structure: IOC National Olympic Committee (USOC) International Sport Federation (International Federation of Cycling) National Governing Body (US Cycling Association) NGBs must be interested in all competitors and must not separate on premise of religion, age, race, sex, statement of faith, and so on. The Athlete

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Pierre De Coubertin’s Ideals: His first thought – hold the amusements in connection with 1900 World’s Fair (Paris) Included a race to respect Greek who ran 26 miles from Marathon to Athens to educate of fight triumph From the starting, governmental issues have tormented Olympics De Coubertin did not need females in the Games. He felt that 1900 and 1904 amusements were disappointments – held in conjunction with World Fairs. 1900 (Paris) – Tennis and Golf had female competitors 1908 (London) – checked 1 st time exceptional game offices were fabricated With 1912 (Stockholm) Games, Coubertin trusted the present day time of Olympics would succeed.

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A Period of Political Development: 1916 Games were not held (WW I). Antwerp (1920) was given Games b/c it was felt that Belgium had endured amid the war. Paris (1924): 44 Nations; 3, 000+ competitors. US ladies physical teachers restricted Olympics b/c of the expense, consideration given to just couple of world class competitors, rather than direction to numerous. Los Angeles (1932): 105,000 seat stadium was biggest yet; spoke to mammoth exertion as a game excitement scene. The expansion of group activities made recognizable proof of winning nations an important part.

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The Nazi Olympics: Berlin was recompensed 1936 Olympics in ’33 (2 years before Hitler came to control). By ’36, force had moved from German Olympic Committee to Hitler and Nazi party. In 1933, US AAU passed determination against entering recreations unless Germans conformed to Olympic Nondiscrimination arrangement Visitors and competitors appreciated painstakingly arranged German neighborliness. These recreations stamped 1 st time host nation moved control of diversions from arranging advisory group to government

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Hitler’s Propaganda and the Aryan Race: Hitler needed to utilize Games to create an impression about German predominance. Jesse Owens’ execution was critical in reprimanding this logic.

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12 Successive Olympics: 1948-1992 As soon as WW II peace was proclaimed – 1948 (London) Games brought: 4,062 competitors; 58 nations Soviets entered Games for first time in 40 years. Germany and Japan were not welcomed.

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Notable Political Olympic Moments: 1956 (Melbourne) – Netherlands, Swiss and Spain did not contend in dissent of conditions in Hungary (Soviet Invasion). Egypt and Lebanon did not contend (Mid-East Crisis) China declined to contend (Taiwan entered competitors autonomously)

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Notable Political Olympic Moments: 1960 (Rome) These amusements regarded De Coubertin’s wish that they be held in Rome. 1 st diversions to be broadcast. 1964 (Tokyo) These diversions mirrored the expanding size, many-sided quality. South Africa had been banned (Apartheid arrangements) Indonesia, North, South Korea deliberately pulled back from the amusements (competitors had contended in unlawful rivalry)

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Notable Political Olympic Moments: 1968 (Mexico City): Group of African American Athletes debilitated to blacklist to show AA athletes’ predicament. Tommie Smith and John Carlos were stripped of awards, thrown off US group.

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Munich – 1972 – The Olympics are changed for eternity. US-Soviet B-ball contention PLO terrorists slaughter Israeli mentors and competitors Event was immense humiliation for Germany Games were charged as greatest yet “Perfect Games” IOC settled on dubious choice – go ahead with the amusements. Avery Brundage settles on choice. - Many are profoundly condemning of it.

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Notable Political Olympic Moments: 1976 (Montreal): After Munich – expense climbed exponentially for security. Coordinators assessed expense $310 million. Nonetheless, because of political debasement, fumble, work debate, expansion and a $100 million expense for security to counteract another Munich, the last bill came to more than $1.5 billion. IOC declines to boycott New Zealand for playing S. Africa – 32 African countries leave Games.

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Notable Political Olympic Moments: 1980 (Moscow): USOC House of representatives votes not to send US competitors to Moscow. 61 different nations join the blacklist. France, GB, Italy, and Sweden did not join the Boycott. 1984: (Los Angeles): Soviets respond Boycott Local coordinators depend on corporate sponsorship. Subside Uebberoth conveys on his guarantee of a sans “debt Olympics” Games demonstrate an excess of over $200 million. 6,000 competitors, 140 nations

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Notable Political Olympic Moments: 1988 (Seoul): disregarding Boycott of N. Korea, risk of terrorism, 160 countries 9,500 competitors tune in. Drug Scandals (Ben Johnson) are greatest news. Novice decision was upset in 1986 – now it was up to individual game associations to figure out who was novice. Opened the conduits for expert competitors to contend.

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Coakley\'s Suggestions for “De-Politicizing” the Olympics: Would They Work? Get rid of National regalia for competitors. Overhaul opening functions so that competitors and banners enter coliseum by occasion Eliminate national songs of devotion and banners amid honor services Eliminate award means countries Eliminate/reexamine group activities Add to every Games “Demonstration Sports” that are local to each social area Use various destinations for each Olympics Emphasize worldwide obligation in med

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