Get-together Byblos Restaurant 270 Campbell Blvd 5.15pmSlide 2
Lecture 4 Why I am Not a Philosopher, or Ontologists Leaving the Philosophical Mother ShipSlide 4
"Why I am not a logician" October 11, 2006Slide 5
HMS OntologySlide 6
Preamble How, in the nineteenth century, therapists left the philosophical mother dispatchSlide 7
1866 Franz Brentano: "Vera philosophiae methodus nulla alia nisi scientiae naturalis est."Slide 8
1874 Franz Brentano distributes Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint Psychology is the center point and anglepoint of rationality "Vera philosophiae methodus nulla alia nisi scientiae naturalis est."Slide 9
1879 Wilhelm Wundt sets up the world\'s first mental research center at the University of LeipzigSlide 10
1883 The main lab of brain science in America built up at Johns Hopkins University powers give Wundt\'s Leipzig lab formal acknowledgment Tonpsychologie , vol. I, distributed via Carl Stumpf Wundt builds up a diary to distribute the aftereffects of his research facility (title is: Philosophische Studien )Slide 11
1889 First International Congress of Psychology Alexius Meinong establishes Laboratory of Psychology in University of Graz First Chinese interpretation of a Western brain science book, by Joseph Raven, called Mental PhilosophySlide 12
1892 The American Psychological Association established, with 42 individualsSlide 13
1894 Stumpf called to serve as educator of theory in Berlin with the unequivocal assignment of setting up there a foundation of brain scienceSlide 14
Stumpf\'s Berlin Institute Gestaltists Wertheimer, K öhler, Koffka, Rubin, Michotte Twardowski, ein weiterer Brentano-Schüler, gründete das erste psychologische Laboratorium in Polen.Slide 15
Wundt Meinong Twardowski Stumpf and numerous underlying individuals from the American Psychological Association were teachers of theory When was brain research conceived as a science?Slide 16
ordinary explanations behind establishing another teach sentiments of disarray, deadendedness, detail inside theory new strategies for handling philosophical issues observational results expanding convergence with different orders expanding requirement for cross-disciplinary joint effortSlide 17
Stumpf One motivation behind why German optimism fizzled involved logical association " rationality got to be focused on a solitary identity (Kant) and on his ... " habitus " of thought, which set principal boundaries to shared comprehension, division of work, common feedback and adjustment, and common acknowledgment ... what\'s more, offers ascend to a sort of obdurate prejudice " This habitus is " outsider to science, which lays on the standard of participation\'Slide 18
run of the mill responses to the establishing of another teach battle for assets dreadful response from inside rationality 1913 "Erklärung von Dozenten der Philosophie in Deutschland gegen kick the bucket Besetzung Philosophischer Lehrstühle mit Vertretern der experimentellen Psychologie"Slide 19
Carnap: If one is occupied with the relations between fields which, as indicated by standard scholarly divisions, have a place with various offices, then he won\'t be invited as a manufacturer of extensions, as he may have expected, yet will rather be viewed by both sides as an untouchable and troublesome interloper. "My Work in Philosophy Begins" (in the Carnap Schilpp volume).Slide 20
run of the mill aftereffects of the establishing of another train the new teach at first needs complexity is expelled by the philosophical mother-train as "paltry" "Psychologismus", "Szientismus", "Materialismus" ... quickly obtains assets much bigger than those accessible to the mother teach gatherings and so on., are quickly much bigger than their philosophical partnersSlide 21
Metaphysics ( phil. ) The art of being Ontology ( phil. ) A hypothesis of the sorts of substances existing actually, and of the relations between these sortsSlide 22
Ontologies ( tech. ) Standardized characterization frameworks which empower information from various sources to be consolidatedSlide 23
Google hits Jan. 2004 metaphysics + Heidegger 58K cosmology + Aristotle 77K philosophy + philosophy 327K philosophy + programming 468K cosmology + database 594K metaphysics + data frameworks 702KSlide 24
Google hits Oct. 2009 cosmology + Heidegger 1.62M metaphysics + Aristotle 1.65M metaphysics + philosophy 4.86M cosmology + programming 6.91M cosmology + database 8.66M metaphysics + data frameworks 9.37MSlide 25
Comparison 2004/2009 philosophy + Heidegger 58K 1.62M metaphysics + Aristotle 77K 1.65M cosmology + philosophy 327K 4.86M philosophy + programming 468K 6.91M cosmology + database 594K 8.66M metaphysics + data frameworks 702K 9.37MSlide 27
National Center for Biomedical Ontology $18.8 process. NIH Roadmap Center Stanford Medical Informatics The Mayo Clinic University at Buffalo Department of PhilosophySlide 30
national place for ontological research established October 2005Slide 31
NCOR set up to: propel cosmology as science propel metaphysics instruction create measures of value for ontologies and to set up best practices http://ncor.us Main exercises: started Ontology for the Intelligence Community (OIC) arrangement: http://ncor.us/OICseries cosmology commitments to Army Net-Centric Data StrategySlide 32
Ontology ( science ) The science which creates hypotheses of the sorts of substances existing in given areas of reality, and of the relations between these sorts including: methods for testing such speculations, methods for utilizing such speculations, e.g. in supporting thinking about experimental information gathered by different sciencesSlide 33
Examples of Ontology (Science) Projects subsidized by National Institutes of Health NIH/NHGRI GO: Gene Ontology NIH/NIGMS PRO: Protein Ontology NIH/NIAID IDO: Infectious Disease Ontology NIH/NIAID Major Histocompatilibity Complex (MHC) Ontology NIH/NHGRI SO: Sequence Ontology NIH/NLM FMA: Foundational Model of Anatomy NIH/NHGRI CL: Cell OntologySlide 34
NIH financing for cosmology (science) NIH/NHLBI James Brinkley (Seattle) Realizing the capability of reference ontologies for the semantic web NIH/National Library of Medicine Werner Ceusters (Buffalo) Realism-based forming for biomedical ontologiesSlide 35
OBO Foundry Project ontology designers in the life sciences have concurred ahead of time to acknowledge a developing arrangement of best practices in philosophy advancement, these best practices to be resolved observationally http://obofoundry.orgSlide 38
What is an opening (conductor, pit)?Slide 39
what is a framework? digestive respiratory circulatory insusceptible skeletal musculatorySlide 40
A water powered frameworkSlide 41
Systems interconnect with different frameworksSlide 42
in addition to NERVOUS SYSTEM (Regulatory Links) what is direction?Slide 43
Systems have capacities can breakdown what is illness? what is passing?Slide 44
Aristotle 2010 a philosophy of substances, + qualities + forms + gaps (courses, pits) + frameworks, systems + capacities, glitchesSlide 45
what is an atomic pathway?Slide 46
Problems with a well known trademark reasoning ought not meddle with the positive sciences But rather today, the issue is that PC researchers are meddling with these sciences constantly, and the outcome is now and again a debacle.Slide 47
Ontology ( tech. ) frequently set apart by scholarly disarrays – most importantly by the perplexity of utilization and specify Gruber: \'For AI frameworks what "exists" is the thing that can be spoken to\' Microsoft Healthvault: \'A hypersensitivity scene is … a solitary unit of information that is recorded in Microsoft Healthvault\'Slide 48
Ontology ( science ) is not a vocation for programming engineers but rather it is not an occupation for rationalists, either, e.g. where cosmology is assuming an expanding part in supporting interdisciplinary correspondence between individuals – for instance in enhancing correspondence between Federal government divisionsSlide 49
Typical purposes behind establishing another train sentiments of tumult, deadendedness, technicality inside the mother teach new techniques for handling issues of the mother train new sorts of experimental strategies and results expanding requirement for cross-disciplinary joint effort – e.g. set apart by multi-creationSlide 54
Total gets to this article: 20939 Accesses inside most recent 30 days: 286Slide 55
what is expected to establish another train diaries meetings organizations social orders mechanical applications topic strategies total results showing vocation way (inside and outside the college)Slide 56
An Interdisciplinary Journal of Ontological Analysis and Conceptual ModelingSlide 58
course booksSlide 60
reading materialSlide 61
Presented at International Workshop on Formal Ontology, March 1993, Padua, Italy – Organized by LADSEBSlide 67
Research InstitutesSlide 68
Organized by LADSEB (Institute for Systems Science and Biomedical Engineering), where an examination assemble on "Conceptual Modeling and Knowledge Engineering" has been dynamic since 1991. Under the administration of Nicola Guarino this gathering picked up a global notoriety for its interdisciplinary approach concentrated on the part of philosophical metaphysics in the establishments of information representation, … In 2003 Guarino\'s gathering moved to Trento to frame the Laboratory for Applied Ontology. http://www.istc.cnr.i
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