Greek ReligionSlide 2
Greek Religion influenced all parts of Greek life since Greeks considered religion essential for the prosperity of the state. Sanctuaries to the divine beings and goddesses were the significant structures in Greek urban areas.Slide 3
Greek ReligionSlide 4
Greek Religion Homer depicted the divinities of Greek religion. Most essential were the twelve divine beings and goddesses that lived on Mount Olympus. The main god and father of the divine beings was Zeus; Athena was the goddess of astuteness and specialties;Slide 5
Greek Religion Apollo was the lord of the sun and verse; Aphrodite was the goddess of adoration; Zeus\' sibling, Poseidon, was the divine force of the ocean.Slide 6
Greek Religion Greek religion did not have an assortment of regulation, nor was it centered around profound quality. Basically, it was centered around making the divinities look positively on individuals. Subsequently, customs — services or ceremonies—were the most imperative component of Greek religion. After death, the spirits of the vast majority, great or terrible, went to a melancholy underworld ruled by HadesSlide 12
Greek Religion Religious celebrations were utilized to respect the divine beings and goddesses. These celebrations included athletic occasions. The recreations at Olympia regarding Zeus, first held in 776 B.C., are the premise of the cutting edge Olympic Games.Slide 14
Greek Religion The Greeks needed to know the will of the divine beings and goddesses. To this end, they counseled prophets, consecrated places of worship where clerics or priestesses uncovered the future through translating the will of the gods. The most well known prophet was at the hallowed place to Apollo at Delphi, in favor of Mount Parnassus. Delegates of states and people set out to this prophet.Slide 15
Oracle at DelphiSlide 16
Greek Religion The reactions of the ministers and priestesses frequently could be translated in more than one way. For instance, Croesus, ruler of Lydia, inquired as to whether he ought to go to war with the Persians. The prophet answered that in the event that he did he would wreck an extraordinary realm. Supposing he would pulverize the Persians, Croesus went to war and crushed his own particular realm.Slide 17
Greek Drama The Greeks, chiefly in Athens, made Western show. Has displayed as impact of religious celebrations. The first Greek shows were tragedies , displayed in sets of three around a typical topic.Slide 18
Greek Drama Only one complete set of three survives today, the Oresteia by Aeschylus. It tells about the destiny of Agamemnon and his family after he came back from the Trojan War. Detestable acts are appeared to breed underhanded and enduring, yet at last reason triumphs over fiendishness.Slide 19
Greek Drama Another popular Athenian writer was Sophocles, whose most well known play was Oedipus Rex . Despite the fact that Oedipus knows a prophet has prognosticated he will execute his dad and wed his mom, he submits these deplorable demonstrations.Slide 20
Greek Drama A third critical Athenian screenwriter, Euripides, made more reasonable characters and demonstrated a greater amount of an enthusiasm for genuine circumstances and individual brain science. He additionally addressed customary qualities; for instance, he demonstrated the abhorrences of war and sympathized with its casualties, particularly ladies and kids.Slide 22
Greek Drama Greek tragedies inspected such general subjects as the way of good and malice, the privileges of the individual, the part of the divine beings in life, and the way of people. Greek comic drama grew later, and scrutinized society to conjure a response. Aristophanes is the most essential Greek comic dramatist.Slide 24
Greek Philosophy ("affection for insight") alludes to a sorted out arrangement of judicious thought. Early Greek scholars were worried with the way of the universe clarified through bringing together standards. For instance, Pythagoras showed that the quintessence of the universe was found in music and numbers.Slide 26
Greek Philosophy In the fifth century B.C., Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle brought up issues that have been bantered about from that point forward. Socrates educated numerous students yet acknowledged no installment. He trusted the objective of training was just to enhance the individual\'s spirit.Slide 29
Greek Philosophy He presented a method for showing still utilized today called the Socratic technique. It utilizes a procedure of inquiry and answer to motivate understudies to comprehend things for themselves.Slide 30
Greek Philosophy Socrates said, "The unexamined life is not worth living." The confidence in the individual\'s energy to reason was a critical commitment of Greek society. Socrates and his understudies addressed power.Slide 34
Greek Philosophy After losing the Peloponnesian War, Athenians did not trust open verbal confrontation. Socrates was attempted and indicted ruining the young. He was sentenced to death and kicked the bucket by savoring hemlock, 399 B.C.Slide 35
Greek Philosophy Plato was one of Socrates\' understudies and considered by numerous the best Western savant. He was distracted with the way of reality and how we know reality. As indicated by Plato, a perfect universe of Forms is the most elevated reality. Just a psyche completely prepared by theory can get a handle on the way of the Forms.Slide 36
Greek Philosophy The material questions that show up in the physical world (e.g., a specific tree) are pictures or shadows of these all inclusive Forms (e.g., treeness). Plato was worried that the city-states be highminded—just and sound. At exactly that point could natives accomplish a decent life. He clarified his thoughts regarding government in The Republic , in which he diagrams the structure of the perfect, temperate state.Slide 37
Greek Philosophy The perfect state has three gatherings—rulers, inspired by intelligence, warriors, spurred by bravery, and ordinary people, persuaded by longing. Just when parity was ingrained by the standard of a rationalist ruler, who had found out about genuine equity and righteousness, would there be a simply state. At that point people could life the great life.Slide 38
Greek Philosophy Plato additionally trusted that men and ladies ought to have the same training and equivalent access to all positions. Plato built up a school in Athens called the Academy. His most imperative student was Aristotle, who concentrated on there for a long time. Aristotle did not have faith in a universe of perfect Forms.Slide 39
Greek Philosophy He considered structures, or embodiments, as a major aspect of the things of the material world. We know treeness, for instance, by looking at individual trees. Aristotle was intrigued, in this manner, in breaking down and ordering things by perception and examination. Along these lines we could know reality. He composed on morals, rationale, governmental issues, verse, space science, topography, science, and material science.Slide 40
Greek Philosophy Like Plato, Aristotle was occupied with the best type of government, one that would objectively coordinate human issues. He attempted to discover this type of government by breaking down existing governments. He took a gander at the constitutions of 158 states and discovered three great structures: government, gentry, and protected government. Of these, the third was the best. Aristotle\'s thoughts regarding government are in his Politics .Slide 41
Greek Art The norms of established Greek workmanship ruled the greater part of Western craftsmanship history. Established Greek craftsmanship was worried with communicating unceasing standards that would normally acculturate the feelings through the balance, equalization, and congruity of the work of art. Traditional Greek workmanship\'s main topic was an in a perfect world excellent person.Slide 42
Greek ArtSlide 43
Greek Art The most critical design structure was the sanctuary committed to a divine being or goddess. The best case is the Parthenon, worked somewhere around 447 and 432 B.C. furthermore, devoted to the benefactor goddess of Athens, Athena. It demonstrated Athens\' pride in itself and exemplified the standards of traditional design: quiet, clarity, and opportunity from superfluous point of interest.Slide 44
Greek Art Greek figure regularly delineated glorified, exact male nudes. The artist Polyclitus, in his book the Doryphoros , clarified the perfect extents in view of numerical proportions found in nature that he used to make his romanticized nudes.
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