Blood Borne Pathogens HIV AIDS B H epatitis C H epatitis AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 2
HIV/AIDS H - Human I - Immunodeficiency V - Virus A - Acquired I - Immuno D - Deficiency S - Syndrome AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 3
HIV/AIDS HIV is an infection that assaults the resistant framework, bringing about an interminable, dynamic sickness that leaves individuals powerless against astute contaminations and tumors Approximately 58,000 individuals have tried positive for HIV in Canada It is evaluated that more than 4,000 Canadians are tainted with HIV consistently AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 4
HIV/AIDS HIV is transmitted through direct blood-to-blood or blood-to-body liquid contact with a tainted individual Body liquids containing HIV include: - Blood - Pre-discharge - Ejaculate - Vaginal liquid - Breast milk AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 5
HIV/AIDS Primary disease - otherwise called seroconversion - when you first get to be contaminated. You may encounter transient influenza like side effects for a couple day to weeks Asymptomatic contamination - the period after seroconversion when you stay sound with no indications of HIV infection. This may keep going for a long time. Despite the fact that you stay well, the HIV infection keeps on increasing AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 6
HIV/AIDS Symptomatic disease - happens as your resistant framework is getting to be debilitated by HIV . You may encounter side effects, for example, exhaustion, night sweats, looseness of the bowels, or weight reduction AIDS - includes extreme side effects, for example, squandering, artful contaminations and malignancies AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 7
Hepatitis HEPA TITIS LIVER INFLAMATION Healthy Liver Inflamed Liver AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 8
B Hep HBV is transmitted through blood-to-blood and blood-to-body liquid contact. Numerous individuals tainted with HBV never feel wiped out and recoup totally Others get a brief, intense sickness with exhaustion, loss of ravenousness and jaundice. Less then 10% of contaminated grown-ups will create endless HBV AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 9
B Hep Anyone constantly tainted with HBV is viewed as a bearer of the infection. A transporter of HBV may have follow measures of the infection in their blood and body liquids forever. There is an immunization for HBV AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 10
C Hep HCV lives in the blood of a contaminated individual and is transmitted through direct blood-to-blood contact HCV remains a genuine wellbeing issue; tainting around 300,000 Canadians Approximately 5000 more Canadians are tainted every year - for the most part youth HCV is 10 to 15 times more irresistible then HIV AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 11
C Hep 70% of all HCV diseases happen as an aftereffect of IV medication Most individuals tainted with HCV are uninformed of there contamination and might be unwittingly transmitting the illness to others There is no cure or antibody for HCV AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 12
C Hep Virus no more identified in 15% Minor harm to liver Acute HCV Initial HCV Infection Chronic HCV 85% Liver disappointment Cirrhosis Liver growth AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 13
Methods of Transmission Unprotected sex Risk Reduction Infection Risk Always hone safe sex, use condoms. HIV AIDS HIGH C Hep LOW B HIGH Hep AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 14
Methods of Transmission Tattoos & Body Piercing Risk Reduction Infection Risk Always utilize new needles for tattoos and piercings HIV LOW AIDS Make beyond any doubt a different wretched of ink is utilized for your tattoo C Hep MEDIUM Always utilize new adornments B Hep MEDIUM AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 15
Methods of Transmission Mother to Baby Risk Reduction Infection Risk Know your status, get tried HIV HIGH AIDS C Hep LOW B HIGH Hep AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 16
Testing If you think you may have been presented to HIV or Hepatitis C GET TESTED! The AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton is putting forth Anonymous HIV and Non-Nominal HBV and HCV testing. 1-877-597-9255 Toll free : (902) 567-1123 Locally : AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 17
Methods of Transmission IV Drug Use Risk Reduction Infection Risk Abstain from IV drug use HIV Seek habit treatment AIDS HIGH Use Needle Exchange Program C Hep HIGH B HIGH Hep AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 18
Additional Harms (Physical) Occurs when a strong molecule is drawn up and infused. The molecule circles and clouds vessels in the lungs. Chalk Lung : Abscesses/Skin Infection : Occur when germs are pushed internal and structure a pocket of discharge under the skin. Happens when germs are pushed into the circulation system and settle on the valves of the heart. Heart Infection : AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 19
Additional Harms (Physical) Occurs when cotton channels are reused and microscopic organisms in the cotton is infused into the circulation system. Cotton Fever : Occurs when the client\'s resistance level is surpassed. Overdose : AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 20
Additional Harms (Social) Homelessness Loss of Support Unemployment Imprisonment AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 21
Addiction Pre-Contemplation : The individual is not considering change and may not understand they have an issue Maintenance Relapse Contemplation : The individual is pondering change yet may not be prepared to make a move Pre-thought Action Planning & readiness : The individual is recognizing sensible options and evacuating snags. Backslide Relapse Planning & readiness Action : The individual works through the contention amongst conviction and activity, and change starts Contemplation Relapse Maintenance : The expenses of rolling out improvement, is re-recognized keeping in mind the end goal to look after change. Change proceeds and gets to be standardized AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 22
Programs & Services Hold to conventional restraint based methodologies High Threshold : Treatment activities with an organized administration fixated on medication utilize and incorporate both medicinal and social consideration Medium Threshold : Focus altogether on diminishing the damages connected with medication use and the immediate and backhanded impacts of medication use on the group Low Threshold : AIDS Coalition of Cape BretonSlide 23
Questions ? Helps Coalition of Cape Breton
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