Half and half Vehicles.

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Half breed Vehicles. Jeremy Gillow COM2223. Review. Present advantages with respect to half breeds Clarify the engaging innovation Talk about reservations and downsides. Shortened forms. CO2 – Carbon dioxide HEV – Cross breed Electric Vehicle MPG – Miles per gallon ICE – Inner burning motor
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Cross breed Vehicles Jeremy Gillow COM2223

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Overview Introduce advantages with respect to half and halves Explain the engaging innovation Discuss reservations and disadvantages Abbreviations CO2 – Carbon dioxide HEV – Hybrid Electric Vehicle MPG – Miles per gallon ICE – Internal burning motor EM – Electric engine Ni-MH – Nickel Metal Hydride Battery MPH – miles every hour HP – torque AT-PZEV – Advanced Technology Partial Zero Emissions Vehicle

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Environmental Benefits CO2, the essential nursery gas, has been ascending in amount consistently. After some time the nursery impact will expand the normal temperature on Earth. Vehicle discharges are the #1 giver to air contamination. Crossover autos and trucks diminish fumes discharges by copying less gas and through extra filtration. AT-PZEV models have zero evaporative discharges and are 90% cleaner than typical. Los Angeles Smog

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Practical Benefits Crude oil expenses of $55 per barrel have driven the cost of gas above $2/gallon. Better gas mileage for half and halves likens to sparing cash at the gas pump. More productive vehicles diminish the United States reliance on remote petroleum suppliers Decreased oil request likewise brings down supply costs. Hess Gasoline in Melbourne

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Vehicle Efficiency Comparison Prius: Toyota Prius Insight: Honda Insight Civic: Honda Civic Hybrid Escape 2: Ford Escape HEV 2WD Escape 4: Ford Escape HEV 4WD Mustang: Ford Mustang F-150: Ford F-150 Pickup Ford Escape HEV, 2004 NY Auto Show

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Hybrid Power Train Technology Series: utilized for trains, transports, and expansive trucks where an EM is most productive for quickening a substantial mass. Parallel: utilized as a part of Honda Insight and Civic crossover autos. Both ICE and EM can work in coupled, ICE can energize battery, or braking can revive. Mix: utilized as a part of Toyota Prius and Ford Escape cross breeds. Permits full electric commute at low speeds and more adaptability in charging.

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Technology Continued Ford Economy Monitor Toyota Prius Energy Monitor Computer presentations give ongoing gas economy execution alongside cross breed framework analytic data. Ni-MH batteries are as of now the vitality stockpiling medium of decision, yet they will be soon supplanted by immeasurably unrivaled ultra-capacitors. Panasonic Ni-MH battery

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Hybrid-Electric Integration Current cross breed models have succeeded with consistent incorporation between the gas and electric parts. To monitor fuel half breeds will close down the ICE when drifting to a stop and sitting out of gear. The motor rapidly restarts when the brake is discharged. The electronic parts are straightforward to the driver; the installed PC settles on all choices with respect to the force train. Mixtures are refueled simply like customary autos, no charging required. Toyota Prius Synergy Hybrid Drive Ford Escape HEV Under-hood

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Design Elements To get the most extreme fuel effectiveness, the Insight and Prius use liberal weight diminishment, liquid body styling, and unique tires to lessen wind and moving resistance. The Civic and Escape mixtures keep to conventional styling. Each of the four can be furnished with Continuously Variable Transmissions. Honda Civic Hybrid Profile Honda Insight Profile Toyota Prius Profile

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Buyer Reservations Lack of force: the vast majority expect that half and halves have low torque and can’t stay aware of ordinary autos. A run of the mill auto going at 60 mph just obliges 20 HP, the rest is for increasing speed. Half and halves utilization ICEs that deliver less power, with the EM for remuneration amid quickening. Any new innovation is moderate to be embraced by the masses, yet the surge in crossover ubiquity has made costs swell above MSRP sticker. The expense investment funds on fuel right now does not balance the beginning cost, but rather there is a $2,000 government charge reasoning for 2005 and $500 for 2006. Repairs on half breeds ordinarily must be led by the dealership, since most mechanics aren’t acquainted with the new electrical frameworks. The guarantee on crossovers is the same as conventional autos, covers the majority of the new electric parts and battery, and is planned to console drivers and hold resale values high. Toyota Prius: 60 mo. /60,000 mi. Honda Insight & Civic: 36 mo. /36,000 mi. Portage Escape: 36 mo. /36,000 mi. Cross breed Mechanic

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Future Challenges DaimlerChrysler has said that to succeed half and halves must offer element taking care of and driving joy, devour less fuel than a diesel motor, be sold at focused value, and have a high resale esteem. Makers have met each configuration test to make half and halves agreeable and advantageous to drive so the essential objectives are to keep enhancing economy and open gathering. Ten half breeds in 2005 contrasted and 3 in 2004 so there are more choices for shoppers. Hydrogen-filled mixtures will sometime supplant fuel controlled models, with the sole fumes discharge of water vapor. Presently General Motors is supporting a US Postal Service demo in Washington, DC of energy component vans.

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Web References http://www.cs.ualberta.ca/~bulitko/aws/photograph/03-08-10476km/record Pages/Image133.html http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/howdy/science/nature/3732274.stm . http://auto.howstuffworks.com/cross breed car.htm . http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/1605/ggccebro/chapter1.html . http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/hybrid_sbs.shtml http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/hybrid_news.shtml http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/tax_hybrid.shtml http://autos.msn.com/research/vip/overview.aspx?modelid=11254&src=LeftNav http://autos.msn.com/research/vip/overview.aspx?modelid=11450&src=vip http://autos.msn.com/research/vip/overview.aspx?modelid=11440&src=vip http://autos.msn.com/research/vip/overview.aspx?modelid=11048&src=LeftNav http://automobiles.honda.com/models/model_overview.asp?ModelName=Civic+Hybrid http://automobiles.honda.com/models/model_overview.asp?ModelName=Insight http://www.toyota.com/prius/http://www.fordvehicles.com/suvs/escapehybrid/http://unfcc.int/asset/docs/convkp/kpeng.html http://hybridcars.about.com/od/glossaryofhybridcarterm/g/pzev.htm http://oregonfuture.oregonstate.edu/display/23.html

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Textual References Alexander, David. “Fueling the Next Generation.” Automotive Engineering Intl. Sept 2004. 73-7. Carney, Dan. “Lightweight Vehicle Engineering.” Automotive Engineering Intl. Aug 2004. 65-8. Jost, Kevin. “GM Fuel Cell for US Postal Service.” Automotive Engineering Intl. Sept 2004. 10-3. Jost, Kevin. “Ultracapacitors Charge Ahead.” Automotive Engineering Intl. Sept 2004. 46-53. Patterson, Allen. “The 2004 Toyota Prius.

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