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HARRY S. TRUMAN Previous Missouri region judge who entered national governmental issues in 1934 when he was chosen to U.S. Senate as a feature of the New Arrangement wing of the Law based Gathering He was re-chosen in 1940
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HARRY S. TRUMAN Former Missouri province judge who entered national governmental issues in 1934 when he was chosen to U.S. Senate as a feature of the New Deal wing of the Democratic Party He was re-chosen in 1940 Gained national acknowledgment by revealing a few hair-raising instances of waste and debasement by protection contractual workers Chosen by FDR to be his running mate in 1944 Because of his liberal accreditations and recently won national notoriety

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UP AND DOWN Truman showed up absolutely not ready for administration FDR had excluded him in anything so he seemed stupefied and inadequate amid his first months in office Republicans profited by his clear shortcoming and won first dominant part in Congress since 1930 1946 Congressional decisions New Republican-controlled 80 th Congress was reactionary Determined to annihilate every one of the increases of the New Deal Truman recaptured much eminence and open resisting so as to back these endeavors

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1948 ELECTION Result was one of the greatest surprises in American appointive history Truman confounded the nation via train, assaulting the “do-nothing” Congress and cautioning each one of the individuals who had profited from the New Deal that they would be harmed if Dewey won Truman’s primary rival for re-race in 1948 was Thomas Dewey, previous legislative head of New York Dewey at first had a tremendous lead in the surveys But he was a hardened, chilly man and the voters never warmed up to him All the surveys anticipated he would lose, however Truman won by 2 million votes He additionally had the negative record of the 80 th Congress to clarify

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THE FAIR DEAL By choosing Truman, voters reported that they would not like to about-face to the awful past times of Herbert Hoover But they didn’t need to go ahead quick or far either Truman did have a bundle of local change recommendations referred to together as the “Fair Deal” Mostly hindered in Congress by a coalition of Republicans and southern Democrats All chance for change vanished when it was uncovered in 1950 that few of Truman’s top helpers had taken fixes

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1952 PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN Truman did not keep running for re-race in 1952 and the Democrats selected Adlai E. Stevenson, legislative leader of Illinois Republicans named Dwight David Eisenhower (“Ike”), previous Allied authority in Europe amid WWII Was a mainstream figure and had a kind, grandfatherly mien Selected Senator Richard Nixon of California as his running mate Because of his notoriety for being a hard-line hostile to socialist and his aptitudes as a hard campaigner

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EXCITING CAMPAIGN Press uncovered that Nixon had acknowledged cash unlawfully But Nixon crawled out of this tight spot by giving broadcast “Checkers” discourse in which he denied taking any cash, cried, and asserted that the main blessing he had acknowledged was a high contrast cocker spaniel puppy that his little girl named “Checkers” Public succumbed to this and Eisenhower kept him on the ticket Democrats then lost ground Stevenson appeared to be excessively shrewd, mocking, and disrespectful of numerous voters and he was separated Republicans painted him as enigmatically un-American and distant with worries of normal Americans

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1952 ELECTION Eisenhower/Nixon won enormous avalanche triumph. Won by 7 million votes

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IKE AS PRESIDENT Eisenhower was a somewhat impassive, even a touch sluggish, pioneer Allowed his staff to bear on most normal business while he spent numerous upbeat hours playing golf Critics assaulted him for this yet most voters didn’t appear to care In those zones where he did take the activity, he tended to support huge business and the developing white rural working class over pay workers, urban inhabitants, and minorities

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LEGISLATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS Pushed a progression of parkway acts through Congress Made credit for home purchaser less demanding and quickened white collar class departure to rural areas Got Congress to pass Highway Act of 1956 Created interstate thruway framework Helped vacant focal urban communities and in the end devastated long-separation and suburbanite traveler movement on railways Made U.S. more reliant on the car

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SEGREGATION After WWII isolation proceeded as common in the South Segregation in the North existed on an informal level Blacks prohibited from white social clubs, eateries and lodgings, proprietors would not lease to them and land specialists would not offer houses to them in specific territories Forcing them into obviously characterized zones in urban areas known as ghettos Unions would not acknowledge dark individuals, denying them of the opportunity to land talented positions Bigotry even endured in human expressions and games No dark players in MLB until Jackie Robinson marked with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947

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RACIAL STALEMATE Struggle for social liberties was carried on for the most part by African-Americans themselves Walter F. White (leader of the NAACP) and A. Philip Randolph (president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters) pushed for government enactment that would help African-Americans Federal hostile to lynching act, end of survey assessment in elected decisions, and to occupation separation on elected development extends But none of these objectives were accomplished on account of very much sorted out resistance of southern Democrats and traditionalist Republicans in Congress

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WARREN COURT Supreme Court headed by Chief Justice Earl Warren Appointed by Eisenhower Beginning in 1953 Most different judges were liberals delegated by either FDR or Truman Court was anxious to broaden its energy into zones it had never entered “judicial activists” Began to separate hindrances that had blocked racial advancement for so long

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BROWN V. Leading body OF EDUCATION OF TOPEKA Lawsuit brought by Oliver Brown against Board of Education of Topeka Argued that his child had gotten a sub-par instruction in an isolated all-dark secondary school and needed him enlisted in the white secondary school Represented by Thurgood Marshall African-American attorney who worked for the NAACP Court decided for Brown Warren expressed that isolated schools damaged the 14 th Amendment which ensured all persons “equal protection” under the law

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LITTLE ROCK Border states in upper South by and large consented to Brown Not the case in the Lower South People framed “white residents councils” to oppose reconciliation by blacklists KKK resuscitated and utilized dangers of savagery Arkansas KKK (bolstered by senator Orville Faubus) utilized viciousness to counteract joining of Little Rock Central High School in 1957 Eisenhower utilized elected troops to uphold Brown choice Eisenhower was willing to walk with the times in racial matters when he was constrained to—but he unmistakably would not have liked to lead the parade

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ELECTION OF 1956 During his second term, Eisenhower invested considerably more energy playing golf than he had amid his first term Eisenhower/Nixon beat Stevenson in 1956 by a significantly greater edge than they had in 1952 Yet he did caution, in his separating discourse as president, about the risks of the “military-modern complex,” that the nearby partnership between the guard business and the legislature was unavoidable yet it regardless spoken to a grave danger to the country’s freedoms over the long haul

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NIXON/KENNEDY Republicans designated Richard Nixon as their presidential applicant in 1960 The Democrats assigned John F. Kennedy Senator from Massachusetts Roman Catholic Also Harvard instructed, a maritime saint in WWII, and the child of a rich and moderate specialist Put together a splendid youthful staff and had loads of cash All this permitted him to overcome gathering apprehensions that voters would dismiss a Catholic

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THE CANDIDATES Closest race in U.S. history Nixon was the more experienced of the two But liberals detested him for his part in the socialist witch-chases of the 1950s and numerous moderate voters loathed the obnoxious strategies he routinely utilized in his crusades Called him “Tricky Dick” Kennedy appeared to be excessively unpracticed and youthful, making it impossible to numerous voters Being Catholic additionally harmed him in the South and provincial Midwest

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1960 ELECTION Race turned into a fame challenge Nixon had beginning lead yet blew it in a progression of broadcast verbal confrontations with Kennedy Reinforced Nixon’s picture as a shady character in light of the fact that he sweated, moved his eyes around, and, when all is said in done, seemed to be a scum bucket Kennedy appeared to be quiet and astute Good utilization of TV, in addition to solid backing of northern blacks, Catholics, liberals and some suspect vote tallying in Chicago and south Texas gave Kennedy the triumph Won by just 100,000 votes

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THE GOOD LIFE Prosperity was the principle explanation behind the 50s\' conservatism During the war, more than 12 million servicemen longed for the day they could return home to typical lives Women anticipated beginning families and owning their own particular homes Dream of private fulfillment would profoundly impact qualities and dispositions of after war era Birthrates soar after 1945 and normal family size expanded “Togetherness”: new responsibility to close family life that spun around youngsters, rural houses, and TV

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G.I. Charge Some financial analysts conjecture fiasco once the immense boost of government protection going through halted with the end of WWII To keep this catastrophe, Congress passed the “G.I. Bill of Rights” in late 1944 Granted decently released vets month to month recompenses for instruction, low intrigue credits to purchase ranches, organizations, and homes, and unemployment pay for one year G.I. Bill of Rights at last cost billions of dollars yet it did facilitate the issue of after war alteration and made a tremendous pool of prepared individuals who might serve the nation and the economy well for a long time to come

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ECONOMIC BOOM Luck additionally assumed part in post bellum monetary recuperation During the war, high wage

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