History of the Islamic Shiites (Shias) 661 C.E. .


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The Quran and Artwork of Shia\'ism . The Quran, Islamic Holy Scripture. Shah Abbas I in later life. Court in the Safavid Dynasty. Urban communities and Gatherings. Left : A Shiite parade in EsfahanRight: Iranian pioneers in chadors outside the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, Syria. Left: The blessed Shiite Muslim place of worship Dareeh of the Imam AliRight: A mosque at the heavenly city of Karbala.
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History of the Islamic Shiites (Shias) 661 C.E. – 1800 C.E. By Sophie Harrington and Dajana Bozanovic

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The Quran and Artwork of Shia\'ism The Quran, Islamic Holy Scripture Court in the Safavid Dynasty Shah Abbas I in later life

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Cities and Gatherings Left : A Shiite parade in Esfahan Right: Iranian pioneers in chadors outside the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, Syria Left: The heavenly Shiite Muslim hallowed place Dareeh of the Imam Ali Right: A mosque at the blessed city of Karbala

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Shiite Distribution Dark Green: Shiite ; Light Green: Sunni

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Chronology 656 C.E. – First thoughtful war in Islam breaks out after the death of Uthman, the third caliph. His professional killers, rebels from the armed force, choose Muhammad\'s first cousin Ali to succeed Uthman. Ali is tested by Aisha, Muhammad\'s most loved spouse and her armed force however he vanquishes them in the Battle of the Camel. This is a definitive wellspring of the Shiite (Shia)/Sunni split. The Shiites trust that caliphs ought to just be immediate decedents of Muhammad, which means Ali and his decedents. 661 C.E. – Ali is killed by one of his own men. Mu\'awiya, the legislative head of Syria, develops as caliph in the wake of offering Ali\'s child Hasan an amazing retirement to step aside. 680 C.E. –Yazid turns into the successor of Mu\'awiya and builds up the Umayyad Caliphate. Hasan\'s sibling Husayn rebels against Yazid trying to restore the privilege of Ali\'s family to run the show. In this demonstration, Shi\'ism changes into a religious group. Yazid has Husayn murdered, transforming Husayn into a saint according to the Shiites. 750 C.E. - Umayyad tradition tumbles to the endeavors of a Shiite-Abbas organization together. Some Umayyad relatives departure to Spain to later set up an Umayyad realm. 755 C.E. – Abbas guarantees Husayn\'s incredible grandson Jafar that Jafar could assert his perfectly fine, however Abbas passes on before the arrangement is set and Jafar is killed by Abbas\' child Al Mansur. Al Mansur sets up the Sunni Abbasid Caliphate. 873 C.E. – The Shiite\'s eleventh Imam Hasan al-Askari kicks the bucket and his child, the twelfth Imam, vanishes. The time of the Lesser Occultation starts.

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Chronology Continued 940 C.E. – The Lesser Occultation closes and the Greater Occultation of the twelfth, or Hidden Imam, starts. This is a period when the Shiites anticipate the arrival of the twelfth Imam who will touch base as the savior toward the apocalypse. 945-1050 C.E. – The Shiite Buyid family takes control of western Iran and Iraq, in this way controlling the Abbasid caliph until the landing of Sunni Turks in 1050 C.E. 1258 C.E. – Mongolian intruders murder the remainder of the Abbasid family in Bagdad. The Mongolian successes lead to relative resilience between the Sunnis and Shiites who are compelled to cooperate to battle off trespassers. 1501 C.E. – The Safavid Dynasty is set up in Persia by Ismail I. He broadcasts Shiism as the state religion. This closures the resilience amongst Sunnis and Shiites and results in dependable clash with the Sunni Ottomans. 1587 C.E. – Abbas I, a man that turns into the best ruler in the Safavid Dynasty, is proclaimed as shah at age 16. 1623-24 C.E. – Shah Abbas battles with the Ottomans over the control of Baghdad in Mesopotamia, in the long run seizing control. 1639 C.E. – The Safavids and the Ottomans sign a peace settlement finishing a century long clash and the Safavid shah submits Baghdad to the Ottomans. 1736 C.E. – Centuries of war with the Ottomans extremely debilitates the Safavid Dynasty and it eventually reaches an end with the last ruler Abbas III.

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Regional Impact(Iran & Afghanistan)

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Regional Impact Continued

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Comparison Shiite Beliefs Sunni Beliefs Similarities The caliphate ought to just be immediate descendents of Muhammad, and accordingly Ali Muhammad assigned Ali as his successor Al-Mahdi, the eleventh Imam\'s child, is the friend in need and has as of now come as the Hidden Imam and will return toward the end of time The Imam\'s power is dependable Two extra heavenly urban communities: Najaf and Karbala. Observe Ashura Additional two columns: jihad and the prerequisite to do benevolent acts and to stay away from every single abhorrence thought, words, and deeds The Shiites are part into three fundamental groups: Twelvers, Isma\'iliyah, and Zaydiyah The Sunnis don\'t trust that the prophet left a successor. This is the real contrast in the two gatherings and is the essential explanation behind the split between them The Sunnis trust that the friend in need will come later on Leadership of the group (Imam) is an earned trust that can be given or taken away by the general population The Shiites and the Sunnis share the five mainstays of Islam, that is: shahada (admission of confidence); namaz (ritualized supplication; zakat (almsgiving); sawm (fasting and thought amid sunlight hours amid Ramadan); and hajj (journey to the blessed urban communities of Mecca and Medina once a lifetime) The heavenly urban areas of Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem Holidays: Eid al-Adha and Eid al-Fitr Eid.

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Comparison Analyzed The explanations behind these distinctions are prevalently political. The center convictions are the same in light of the fact that the two are simply orders of the same religion. Since the Sunnis took after the customary Islamic religion, very little changed for them. But since the Shiites split far from the Sunnis and wound up battling bleeding fights with them, they were compelled to move, building up extra sacred urban areas and customs.

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Change Over Time The religion of Islam creates from the lessons of Muhammad who bites the dust in 632 CE. Islam starts to isolate into two factions with the contention of who should succeed Muhammad as the Imam. Muslims who come to be called Shiites, (which signifies "partisans" of Ali), separate from most of the Muslims called Sunnis. This contention is best seen in 656 CE when the contradiction over the legitimate caliph transforms into common war. Muslims who are not Ali\'s supporters are irritated by Ali\'s absence of worry with conveying Uthman\'s killers to equity. The principal subsect of Shia\'ism creates under Zayd who drives an unsuccessful disobedience to the Umayyad caliph in 740 CE. The Zaydis, now and again called Fivers, trust that Ali, Husan and Husayn are the initial three legitimate caliphs. In any case, after them, they trust that the caliphate is interested in whoever of Ali\'s descendents can learn themselves through rebellion. The essential contrast between this subsect and the greater part of Shiites is that they trust Zayd is the fifth Imam while most Shiites trust his sibling Al-Baqir is the fifth Imam. In the ahead of schedule to mid 750\'s, the point at which the Umayyad line is vanquished, the Shiite order starts to further separation. The Sevener Shiites, or the Ismailis, create with the passing of Jafar, the 6th Shiite Imam. They trust that Jafar was the last Imam and his beneficiary, the seventh Imam, will return toward the end of time.

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Change Over Time Continued most of the Shiites who are neither Seveners nor Fivers are thought to be Twelver Shiites. Twelver Shiites trust that the line of legitimate Imams closes with Hasan al-Askari, the eleventh Imam. His child Al-Mahdi is accepted to be the twelfth and last Imam who vanished and will return toward the end of time. The essential distinction in all organizations and subsects of Islam is just the contention over who are the legitimate Imams. Yes, diverse practices and convictions created after some time between the Sunnis and the Shiites and even the subsects of the Shiites, yet every one of these distinctions are attached to the contradiction of the genuine Imams. What stuck with it in Shiite Islam this time is the conviction that Ali was the legitimate beneficiary to the caliphate and that he was denied his privilege by the Sunnis for the initial three caliphs. He was the principal Imam and his two children were the legitimate second and third Imams. Eventually, the center convictions of Islam stay consistent all through Shiite history, and the center convictions of Shia\'ism stay steady in the three subsects.

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Shiites Today Iran is essentially comprised of Shiites with the aggregate rate coming to around 89%. Hizbollah, which are comprised of Shiites, constrained the Israelis out of Southern Lebanon. The Shiites and the Sunnis are still at war with each other. Various bombings and killings have happened as a consequence of their long haul struggle. Iran has a Shiite religious republic. Their preeminent pioneer, which is the political office in which the individual principles forever, is Ali Hoseini-Khameni.

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How The Work Was Split P.I.R.A.T.E.S, Role that the component plays in this day and age, and Bibliography by Dajana Bozanovic Chronology, Comparison and Analyses, and Visuals by Sophie Harrington

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Bibliography Amin, Hussein. "The Origins of the Sunni/Shia Split in Islam." Islam For Today. Hussein Amin. Web. 07 Oct. 2010. Bulliet, Crossley, et al. The Earth and its Peoples: A Global History. Third Edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2005. Print Cline, Austin. "Religion in Afghanistan - Ithna Ashariya (Twelver or Imami) Shia." Agnosticism/ Atheism - Skepticism & Atheism for Atheists & Agnostics. Web. 07 Oct. 2010. Ghasemi, Shapour. "History of Iran: Safavid Empire 1502 - 1736." Iran Chamber Society. Web. 07 Oct. 2010. Pike, John. "Zaydi Islam." GlobalSecurity.org - Reliable Security Information. 17 Jan. 2010. Web. 7 Oct. 2010. "Comparison Chart of Sunni and Shia Islam - ReligionFacts." Religion, World Religions, Comparative Religion - Just the Facts on the World\'s Religions. Web. 07 Oct. 2010.

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