Human Topography Individuals and Spots.


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Geology and the earth help shape human societies, however people additionally ... Urban topography is the investigation of how individuals utilization space in urban areas. Urban areas are crowded ...
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Human Geography People and Places Geography and the earth shape human societies, yet people additionally utilize and adjust the earth to satisfy their requirements. Petroglyphs like this one offer confirmation of human life in the desert. NEXT

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TODAY\'S ISSUES People and Places SECTION 1 The Elements of Culture SECTION 2 Population Geography SECTION 3 Political Geography SECTION 4 Urban Geography SECTION 5 Economic Geography NEXT

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Section 1 The Elements of Culture • Human creatures are individuals from social gatherings with shared and one of a kind arrangements of practices and states of mind. • Language and religion are two critical parts of society. NEXT

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SECTION The Elements of Culture 1 Defining Culture • Knowledge, states of mind, practices shared over eras is society • Society is a gathering that shares geographic district, personality, society • An ethnic gathering offers dialect, traditions, basic legacy Chart NEXT

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SECTION 1 Culture Change and Exchange Innovation • Innovation is making something new with existing assets • Example: weaving bushel from reeds to tackle stockpiling issue Diffusion • Spread of thoughts, creations, examples of conduct called dispersion • Cultural hearth — site of advancement; inception of social dissemination • Example: Nile River civic establishments in Africa Continued . . . NEXT

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SECTION 1 proceeded with Culture Change and Exchange Acculturation • Acculturation — society changes since it acknowledges advancement NEXT

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SECTION 1 Language Importance of Language • Enables individuals inside a society to convey • Reflects all parts of society Language and Identity • Language builds up social personality, solidarity • Language can likewise separate individuals, cause strife Continued . . . NEXT

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SECTION 1 proceeded with Language Families • Between 3,000 and 6,500 dialects talked overall • Similar dialects have a place with same dialect family • Dialect — a form of a dialect, as Southern drawl Interactive Language Diffusion • Language can spread by means of exchange courses, movement NEXT

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SECTION 1 Religion Belief Systems • Religion — confidence in heavenly power that made, keeps up universe • Monotheistic beliefs put stock in one god • Belief in numerous divine beings called polytheistic • Animistic, or customary, beliefs have faith in celestial powers of nature Spread of Religion • Religion spreads through dispersion and transformation • Conversion—a few religions attempt to select others to their confidence NEXT

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SECTION 1 Major Religions Judaism • Monotheistic; developed 3,200 years back; blessed book called the Torah Christianity • Evolved from Judaism; in view of lessons of Jesus Christ • Largest religion—2 billion supporters overall Islam • Monotheistic; in light of lessons of Prophet Muhammad • Followers, called Muslims, adore God, called Allah • Holy book called the Qur\'an Continued . . . NEXT

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SECTION 1 proceeded with Major Religions Hinduism • Polytheistic; advanced in India around 5,000 years back • Hindu rank framework has settled social classes, particular customs/obligations Chart Buddhism • Offshoot of Hinduism; developed around 563 B.C. in India • Founder Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha, or Enlightened One • Rejects Hindu ranks; looks for edified otherworldly state, or nirvana Image Other Asian Practices • Include Confucianism, Taoism, Shinto NEXT

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SECTION 1 Creative Cultural Expressions Creative Cultural Expressions • All societies communicate inventively • Performing expressions incorporate music, move, theater, film • Architecture, painting, figure, materials are types of visual expressions • Oral and composed writing incorporate ballads, society stories, stories Image NEXT

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Section 2 Population Geography • People are not appropriated similarly on the world\'s surface. • The total populace keeps on developing, however at various rates in various areas. NEXT

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SECTION Population Geography 2 Worldwide Population Growth Birth and Death Rates • Number of live births per thousand populace is the birthrate • Fertility rate — normal, lifetime number of youngsters destined to a lady • Number of passings per thousand individuals is the death rate • Infant death rate — passings under age 1 for every 1,000 live births • Population development rate, or rate of characteristic increment , figured by: - subtracting the death rate from the birthrate - warm summers and icy winters Continued . . . NEXT

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SECTION 2 proceeded with Worldwide Population Growth Population Pyramid • A populace pyramid demonstrates a populace\'s sex, age conveyance • Enables the investigation of how occasions (wars, starvations) affect populace Chart NEXT

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SECTION 2 Population Distribution Habitable Lands • 2/3 of total populace lives somewhere around 20°N and 60°N scope • Human home in this zone: - dense where temperature and precipitation permit agriculture - also thick along seaside zones and in waterway valleys - more meager in polar, mountain, desert districts Urban–Rural Mix • More than half of total populace country; quickly getting to be urban Continued . . . NEXT

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SECTION 2 proceeded with Population Distribution Migration • Reasons for relocating once in a while called push-pull elements • Push components (dry spell, war) cause movement from a zone • Pull elements (positive economy, atmosphere) goad movement to a range Image NEXT

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SECTION 2 Estimating Population Estimating Population • Population thickness is the normal number of individuals living in a zone Carrying Capacity • Carrying limit is the quantity of living beings a territory can bolster - affected by fruitful area, level of innovation, economic success NEXT

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Section 3 Political Geography • The world is partitioned into numerous political locales. • Local, national, and provincial governments control parts of life inside the limits of the unit. NEXT

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SECTION Political Geography 3 Nations of the World Politics and Geography • An autonomous political unit, a state , or nation: - occupies particular region - controls its interior, outside undertakings • Nation — brought together gathering with normal society living in a region • A country and state possessing same domain is a country state Continued . . . NEXT

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SECTION 3 proceeded with Nations of the World Types of Government • In a majority rule government , subjects hold political influence • Political influence held by a ruler or ruler is a government • In a tyranny , a gathering or individual holds all political influence • Communism is an administrative and financial framework - political, monetary influence held by government in individuals\' name NEXT

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SECTION 3 Geographic Characteristics of Nations Size • Physical size does not precisely reflect political, economic influence Shape • Shape influences administration, transportation, relations with neighbors Map Location • A landlocked nation has no immediate outlet to the ocean - may limit success, as delivery and exchange bring riches • Hostile neighbors require expanded security NEXT

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SECTION 3 National Boundaries Natural Boundaries • Formed by streams, lakes, mountain chains Artificial Boundaries • Fixed line, for the most part taking after scope, longitude: • Example: 49 degrees N scope isolates U.S. from Canada - often formally characterized in arrangements NEXT

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SECTION 3 Regional Political Systems Political Subdivisions • Countries isolate into littler political units like urban communities, towns • Smaller units join locally into provinces, states, and so on. • Countries may consolidate to shape worldwide units: - examples: United Nations, European Union NEXT

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Section 4 Urban Geography • Nearly a large portion of the total populace lives in urban regions. • Cities satisfy financial, private, and social capacities in various ways. NEXT

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SECTION Urban Geography 4 Growth of Urban Areas Cities • Urban topography is the investigation of how individuals use space in urban areas • Cities are crowded focuses of business, society, advancement, change Urban Areas • Urban region creates around a focal city; might be encompassed by: - rural areas — fringe focal city, different rural areas - exurbs—have open area amongst them and central city • Central city in addition to its rural areas and exurbs called a metropolitan region Continued . . . NEXT

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SECTION 4 proceeded with Growth of Urban Areas Urbanization • Urbanization — ascend in number of urban areas, coming about way of life changes NEXT

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SECTION 4 City Locations Location and Function • Cities are frequently situated close: - good transportation—lakes, streams, coastline - plentiful normal assets • As an outcome, urban areas tend to: - become transportation center points - specialize in certain financial exercises NEXT

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SECTION 4 Land Use Patterns City Patterns • Basic land use designs found in all urban areas: - residential (lodging) - industrial (fabricating) - commercial (retail) • Central business locale (CBD) — center range of business movement NEXT

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SECTION 4 The Functions of Cities A Variety of Functions • Shopping, diversion, taxpayer driven organizations • Educational, recreational, and social exercises • Transportation is key to achieve capacities NEXT

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Section 5 Economic Geography • Economic exercises rely on upon the assets of the area and how individuals use them. • The level of financial advancement can be measured in various ways. NEXT

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SECTION Economic Geography 5 Economic Systems Economies • Economy — the creation and trade of goods and administrations • Economies are neighborhood, local, national, worldwide • Geographers study monetary topography by looking at: - how individuals in an area bolster them

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