ICANN: Structure and Issues.

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June - Cooperative assention among ICANN, US Government, root server administrators ... February - Contract with US Government to finish exchange of IANA capacities ...
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ICANN: Structure and Issues NASK DOMAIN Seminar Warsaw, Poland June, 2001 Herbert Vitzthum ccTLD Liaison

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Introduction Herbert Vitzthum Home base: Salzburg, Austria The previous Manager for .at. As yet working from Austria as ICANN Staff (Teleworker) ccTLD Liaison – the correspondence station for ccTLD chief (Country Code Top Level Domains, for example, .pl, .de, .at … )

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ICANN: The Basic Idea ICANN = An Experiment in Technical Self-Management by the worldwide Internet people group

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ICANN: The Basic Bargain ICANN = Internationalization of Policy Functions for DNS and IP Addressing frameworks + Private Sector (non-legislative) Management

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What does ICANN do? Arranges strategies identifying with the extraordinary task of: Internet Domain Names Numerical IP Addresses Protocol Port and Parameter Numbers Coordinates the DNS Root Server System through Root Server System Advisory Committee

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Says The Economist: "ICANN is from various perspectives a totally new institutional creature." "It is a mixture between an online group and a genuine administration structure, an untested mix." "It is additionally another sort of universal association: an industry attempting to manage a portion of itself, over the globe, with almost no contribution from national governments." (10 June 2000)

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Domain names & IP addresses Domain names are the well known, simple to-recall names for PCs on the Internet e.g., amazon.com, icann.org, nic.or.kr Domain names correspond to Internet Protocol numbers (IP numbers) (e.g. that serve as steering locations on the Internet The area name framework (DNS) makes an interpretation of space names into IP numbers required for directing bundles of data over the Internet www.icann.org =

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Types of Internet Domains Generic Top Level Domains (gTLDs) <. com >, <. net >, <. organization > open to all people and substances on a worldwide premise <. int > for universal bargain associations <. arpa > for Internet Infrastructure purposes <. gov >, <. mil > for U.S. government, military <. edu > for US colleges

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More Types of Internet Domains Country Code Top Level Domains (ccTLDs) <. cn >, <. hk >,<. jp >, <. uk >, <. ca >, <. br >, <. de >, <. pl >, <. cc > . . . Loose name: ccTLD incorporates nations and topographically particular regions Derived from ISO 3166-1 list Registration prerequisites shift by space Residency necessity Price (or no charge) Ability to exchange Dispute determination approach

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Structure of DNS

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The DNS Tree Root Zone File ● TLDs jp uk com organization edu co air conditioning icann keio med sfc

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Map of the Root Servers

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Internet Addressing - IPv4 = 32 bits Example: <> Initially, 256 systems … then blend of: Class A (128 with 16 M has) Class B (16,384 with 65K hosts) Class C (2M with 256 hosts) Now, Classless Inter-Domain addresses Theoretically, up to 4 Billion hosts, a huge number of systems

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Next Generation Internet - IPv6 = 128 bits of tending to Theoretically, 10 38 has Significant move exertion required (Sort of like changing motors on the flying machine while in flight) IANA authoritatively reported first distributions to RIRs (July 14, 1999)

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ARIN North America Latin America Caribbean Islands Sub-Saharan Africa RIPE NCC Europe Middle East North Africa Parts of Asia APNIC Most of Asia Australia/New Zealand Pacific Islands Regional Internet Registries (RIR)

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Emerging RIRs AfriNIC - Africa LACNIC - Latin America/Caribbean

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Status Quo Ante ICANN Most Internet DNS and IP Address coordination capacities performed by, or in the interest of, the US government: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA ) Stanford Research Institute (SRI) Information Sciences Institute (ISI) of University of Southern California National Science Foundation (NSF) IBM, MCI, and Merit AT&T, General Atomics, Network Solutions, Inc. (NSI) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) US Department of Energy

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IANA "Web Assigned Numbers Authority" An arrangement of specialized administration capacities (root administration; IP address alliance portions) beforehand performed by the Information Sciences Institute (ISI) at the University of Southern California, under an agreement with the U.S. Government Includes convention parameter and port number task capacities characterized by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Now a some portion of ICANN

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IANA Internet Assigned Numbers Authority Jon Postel 1943-1998

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Need for Change Globalization of Internet Commercialization of Internet Need for responsibility Need for more formalized administration structure Dissatisfaction with absence of rivalry Trademark/space name clashes

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White Paper Principles White Paper: new approach/administration structure must advance 4 objectives: Stability Competition Private, base up coordination Representation

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Status of Transition from US-Government 1998 November - ICANN perceived in MoU 1999 June - Cooperative assention among ICANN, US Government, root server administrators November - ICANN and Network Solutions (NSI) sign gTLD registry and enlistment center understandings; USG exchanges root power over gTLDs to ICANN 2000 February - Contract with US Government to finish exchange of IANA capacities November-Selection of 7 new Top-Level Domains 2001 January - Transfer of InterNIC capacities from NSI to ICANN

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President and CEO M. Stuart Lynn At Large Directors: Karl Auerbach (USA) Ivan Moura Campos (Brazil) Frank Fitzsimmons (USA) Masanobu Katoh (Japan) Hans Kraaijenbrink (Netherlands) Andy Mueller-Maguhn (Germany) Jun Murai (Japan) Nii Quaynor (Ghana) Linda S. Wilson (USA) ASO Directors: Rob Blokzijl (Netherlands) Ken Fockler (Canada) Sang-Hyon Kyong (South Korea) DNSO Directors: Amadeu Abril i Abril (Spain) Jonathan Cohen (Canada) Alejandro Pisanty (Mexico) PSO Directors: Helmut Schink (Germany) Vint Cerf (USA) - Chairman Phil Davidson (U.K.) ICANN Board of Directors

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What ICANN is NOT Technical Standard-Setting Body Internet Police Force Consumer Protection Agency Economic Development Agency Legislature or Court

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ICANN and Global TLDs For the worldwide TLDs, (for example, .com, .net, .organization), ICANN serves as the vehicle for agreement approach advancement Examples of arrangements: Competitive enlistment centers Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy

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New Top-Level Domains First gathering picked in November 2000 Global Open: <. data >, <. biz > Individuals: <. name >, <. expert > Specialized: <. gallery >, <. air >, <. coop > Proof of Concept - Launch with alert, watch painstakingly, gain for a fact If effective, there will be future rounds Biggest test: Launch stage Intellectual Property & Cybersquatting reasons for alarm Opening day surge & Fairness to everybody Danger: Sleazy pre-enlistment offers ( see FTC Warning)

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ICANN and Country TLDs Basic sorting out guideline: Local Internet people group settle on choices about nation code TLDs (ccTLDs) ICANN\'s part Very uninvolved on approach Basic obligation to designate ccTLD in order to serve the interests of the neighborhood and worldwide Internet people group Maintain stable root server framework ccTLD administrators\' part Technically equipped registry and nameserver operations Commitment to oversee as trustee for the nearby group (neighborhood laws, society, traditions, inclinations, and so on.) Local government\'s part Depends on the nearby circumstance

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Responsibilities of ccTLDs " TLD directors are trustees for the assigned area, and have an obligation to serve the group ." " Concerns about "rights" and "ownership" of areas are wrong. It is fitting, be that as it may, to be worried about "responsibilities" and "service" to the group."

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Basic Principles TLD chiefs are trustees for the assigned area Fair Treatment & Non-segregation Documented strategies and techniques Technically skilled operational ability

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Principles for ICANN - ccTLD Relationship Use unique Postel - IANA ccTLD idea: • ccTLD director is trustee for nearby Internet people group • equipped operation of registry & nameservers • accord endeavors to determine question • regard perspectives of governments; however be impartial quite far Recognize ICANN as worldwide agreement discussion Use adaptable understanding structure to suit fluctuated circumstances: • distinctive ccTLD registry models • diverse neighborhood needs • distinctive administrative circumstances Complete MOU move by achieving stable concurrences with ccTLDs at the earliest opportunity

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Message to You: (and to all Internet people group) GET INVOLVED!!! Accord implies you need to appear to be listened. www.icann.org

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Thank you in particular! Herbert Vitzthum ICANN ccTLD Liaison herbert@icann.org www.icann.org

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