HOW TO WRITE A WORLD CLASS PAPER Arnout Jacobs, Director of Strategy Elsevier Author Workshop March 2010Slide 2
Outline To distribute or not to distribute… Writing a quality original copy Preparations Article development Language Technical points of interest Revisions and reaction to commentators Ethical issues Conclusions: getting acknowledgedSlide 3
To distribute or not to distribute…Slide 4
Why distribute? Researchers distribute to impart to the exploration group discoveries that propel information and comprehension To exhibit new, unique outcomes or strategies To excuse distributed outcomes To display a survey of the field or to outline a specific themeSlide 5
Publish or die Funding Bodies Scientists/Clinicians Grant Writing Journal PublicationSlide 6
Who judges your article? Somebody like you! Boss manager has the last say Reviewers check the original copy in detail All are situated in a college and are fulltime specialists Checking articles is an action outside of their ordinary occupation They\'re exceptionally occupied…Slide 7
Publishers don\'t need zero-refered to articles Editors now routinely examine references per article "The measurement that 27% of our papers were not refered to in 5 years was vexing. It positively demonstrates that it is imperative to keep up exclusive requirements when tolerating papers ... nothing would have been lost aside from the CV\'s of those writers would have been shorter… " – Marv Bauer, Editor, Remote Sensing of EnvironmentSlide 8
Publishers do need quality NOT WANTED Duplications Reports of no logical intrigue Work obsolete Inappropriate strategies or conclusions Studies with lacking information WANTED Originality Significant advances in field Appropriate techniques and conclusions Readability Studies that meet moral modelsSlide 9
Writing a quality composition PreparationsSlide 10
What kind of composition? Full articles/Original articles (counting Theoretical, Methodology papers, Case contemplates, … ) Letters/Rapid Communications/Short Communications Review papers/Perspectives Self-assess your work: Is it adequate for a full article? On the other hand are your outcomes so exciting that they should be uncovered at the earliest opportunity? Approach your boss and partners for counsel on original copy sort. Now and then untouchables may see things more unmistakably than you .Slide 11
Who is the group of onlookers? Would you like to achieve masters, multidisciplinary analysts, or a general gathering of people? You should modify data and composing style appropriately Journals, even in comparable subjects, achieve perusers with various foundations Each diary has its own style; perused different articles to get a thought of what is acknowledged Is the readership worldwide or neighborhood?Slide 12
Which diary? Consider: Aims and degree (check diary sites and late articles) Types of articles Readership Current intriguing issues (experience late edited compositions) Asking associates for exhortation Sometimes it is important to l ower one\'s sights or come back to the lab/center to get more informationSlide 13
Sort by references to discover most refered to article in this exploration zoneSlide 14
Web Results – Scirus.comSlide 15
See Patents from 5 noteworthy patent workplaces USPTO, JPTO, WIPO, EPTO, UKPTOSlide 16
Get a diagram See Top Journals for particular themes in AsiaSlide 17
Get an outline Top Authors " to follow in the examination of one point Use this data to discover Experts in a subject field for companion survey. Email addresses gave where accessibleSlide 18
Get an outline In which year was this exploration most well knownSlide 19
Scroll beneath to see references of that article Allows you to continue perusing and finding astounding examination that you may never have found without a route instrument like ScopusSlide 20
Consulting the Guide for Authors will spare your time and the manager\'s All editors loathe sitting around idly on inadequately arranged original copiesSlide 21
Format Consult and apply the rundown of rules in the "Guide for Authors" Ensure that you utilize the right: Layout Section lengths (stick as far as possible) Nomenclature, contractions and spelling (British versus American) Reference organize Number/kind of figures and tables StatisticsSlide 22
Writing a quality composition Article developmentSlide 23
Article structure Title Authors Abstract Keywords Main content (IMRaD) I ntroduction M ethods R esults D iscussion (Conclusion) Acknowledgments References Supplementary material Need to be exact and educational for successful ordering and looking Each has a particular capacitySlide 24
Title A decent title ought to contain the least conceivable words that sufficiently depict the substance of a paper DO Convey primary discoveries of research Be particular Be compact Be finished Attract perusers DON\'T Use superfluous language Use exceptional shortened forms Use equivocal terms Use pointless detail Focus on some portion of the substance justSlide 25
Title Slower handling is corresponded with larger amounts of discouraged mind-set, weariness, bring down verbal familiarity, less words and digits reviewed and poorer review of visual-spatial data in MS patients Relationships between data preparing, sadness, weakness and comprehension in various sclerosisSlide 26
Authors and affiliations Be reliable with spelling, full versus short names, full versus short addresses Surnames: Pérez-García/Pérez/García Middle Initial: Use reliably or not under any condition First Names: Dave/David Affiliation: Faculty of Medicine/Faculty of Medical and Health SciencesSlide 27
Abstract The nature of a theoretical will emphatically impact the supervisor\'s choice A decent dynamic: Is exact and legitimate Can remain solitary Uses no specialized language Is brief and particular Cites no references Use the unique to "offer" your articleSlide 28
Keywords are critical for ordering: they empower your original copy to be all the more effectively recognized and refered to Check the Guide for Authors for diary prerequisites Keywords ought to be particular Avoid remarkable condensings and general termsSlide 29
Keywords Bad catchphrases: Psychiatric issue, NRG1 , LD, SNPs, Japanese huge example, affiliationSlide 30
Introduction Provide the essential foundation data to put your work into setting It ought to be clear from the presentation: Why the flow work was performed points criticalness What has been done before What was done in your examination (to sum things up terms) What was accomplished (in a word terms)Slide 31
Introduction DO Consult the Guide for Authors for word constrain "Set the scene" Outline "the issue" and speculations Ensure that the writing refered to is adjusted, up and coming and important Define any non-standard truncations and languageSlide 32
Introduction DON\'T Write a broad survey of the field Cite excessively your own particular work, work of partners or work that backings your discoveries while disregarding opposing reviews or work by contenders Describe techniques, results or conclusions other than to layout what was done and accomplished in the last section Overuse terms like "novel" and "surprisingly"Slide 33
Introduction Rotenone is a normally happening plant compound got from the root and bark of some Luguminosae species… Administration of rotenone has been appeared to prompt to biochemical, anatomical, and behavioral side effects taking after Parkinson\'s illness because of neurotoxicity [1–3]. Past reviews have demonstrated that … However , different reviews repudiate these ﬁndings… Understanding the correct method of activity of rotenone ought to give extra helpful data toward its conceivable application in oral tumor treatment. In this report, we …Slide 34
Methods The Methods area must give adequate data so that an educated peruser can replicate the test List providers of reagents and producers of gear, and characterize mechanical assembly in well known terms: "utilizing an AD 340C plate peruser (Beckman Coulter)" OR "utilizing a plate peruser (Beckman Coulter AD 340C) NOT "utilizing a Beckman Coulter AD 340C." Unless the Guide for Authors states generally, utilize the previous tense; the current state is normally just utilized as a part of system sort papersSlide 35
Results The primary discoveries of the examination DO Use figures and tables to compress information Show the aftereffects of measurable investigation Compare "like with like" DON\'T Duplicate information among tables, figures and content Use design to outline information that can without much of a stretch be condensed with contentSlide 36
Graphics "Perusers… frequently take a gander at the representation first and commonly go no further. In this way, the analyst ought to be especially touchy to consideration of clear and educational representation." – Henry Rapoport, Associate Editor, Journal of Organic ChemistrySlide 37
Graphics Figures and tables are the best approach to present outcomes BUT: Captions ought to have the capacity to remain solitary, to such an extent that the figures and tables are justifiable without the need to peruse the whole original copy The information spoke to ought to be anything but difficult to decipher Color ought to just be utilized when vitalSlide 38
Graphics Illustrations ought to just be utilized to present basic information The data in the table can be introduced in one sentence: \'The surface soils were dull grayish cocoa, evaluating to light olive chestnut (forest), light olive cocoa (wetland), and pale olive (prairie) at 100 cm.\' Summarize brings about the content where conceivableSlide 39
Graphics The figure and table demonstrate a similar data, yet the table is more straightforward and clearSlide 40
Graphics Poor Legend is inadequately characterized Graph contains an excessive amount of information No pattern lines 1 2-2 1-1 2-1 Computation time for every case Number of Examples (in thousands)Slide 41
Graphics Better Legend is all around characterized yet there is still a lot of information and no trendlines method1,dual method2,dual method1,s
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