Inventory network Logistics Administration.


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Store network Logistics Administration Transportation Framework and Regulation Part of Transportation in Logistics and Production network Administration Industry Deregulation Transportation Capacities, Standards, Members Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure
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Inventory network Logistics Management Transportation Infrastructure & Regulation

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Role of Transportation in Logistics & Supply Chain Management Industry Deregulation

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Functions Transportation Principles Transportation Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Functions Product Movement Product Storage Transportation Principles Transportation Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services

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Product Movement

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Product Storage

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New Destination NORFOLK Diversion Original Destination NEW YORK Los Angeles

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Functions Transportation Principles Economy of Scale Economy of Distance (Tapering Principle) Transportation Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services

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Economies of Scale The more things (weight) is transported, the less the transportation costs per thing (unit of weight) $100/book Transportation Cost per Book $.10/book 1 1000 Number of Books in Shipment

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Economies of Distance Tapering Principle The bigger the separation, the less the transportation costs per unit of separation (e.g., per mile) $.10/mile Transportation Cost per Mile $.05/mile Tapering Principle $50/mile 1 mile 500 miles 1000 miles Shipment Distance

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Functions Transportation Principles Transportation Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services

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Transportation Participants I need something delivered at the most minimal conceivable expense!

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Transportation Participants I need something sent at the most minimal conceivable expense! I need something conveyed at the most reduced conceivable expense!

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Transportation Participants Carriers: We have the gear!

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Transportation Participants Carriers – we can discover a shipper! Shippers – we can locate a bearer!

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Transportation Participants the transportation framework is crucial for the country’s monetary wellbeing

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Transportation Participants buy fuel, transportation hardware, supplies

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Transportation Participants track shipments buy fuel, transportation gear, supplies

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Transportation Participants track shipments buy fuel, transportation gear, supplies match items waiting be sent with accessible limit

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Transportation Participants Creates interest for transportation by obtaining items

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Regulation Types of Transportation Regulation History of Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Regulation Types of Transportation Regulation History of Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services

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Types of Transportation Regulation Economic Investments in transportation base (e.g., parkways, air terminals, ports) Control of courses, evaluating, timetables

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Types of Transportation Regulation Economic Investments in transportation foundation (e.g., roadways, air terminals, ports) Control of courses, estimating, calendars Social/Safety Protect the general population, the earth Make beyond any doubt hardware works securely, neatly Safe transportation of perilous materials (HAZMAT) Regulating hours lived up to expectations

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Regulation Types of Transportation Regulation History of Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services

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History of Transportation Regulation Pre-1920 – set up introductory government control Act to Regulate Commerce (1887) Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)

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History of Transportation Regulation 1920-1940 – administrative formalization, augmentation to other transportation modes Motor Carrier Act (1935) Civil Aeronautics Act (1938) Civil Aeronautics Board (1940) Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Aeronautics & Space Administration (1951)

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History of Transportation Regulation 1940-1970 Regulation of water transportation by ICC (1940) Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976 AMTRAK CONRAIL

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History of Transportation Regulation 1970-1980 – prelude to deregulation Shift from regulation/control to encouraging rivalry Department of Transportation (DOT) 1961 Airline Deregulation Act 1978

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History of Transportation Regulation 1980-2000 – deregulation Motor Carrier Act 1980 Staggers (Rail) Act 1980 Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) annulled 1996 Ocean Shipping & Reform Act 1998

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History of Transportation Regulation 2000-Present – concentrate on innovation, wellbeing, and security Patriot Act Jones Act

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services

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Five Basic Transportation Modes Pipeline

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Five Basic Transportation Modes Pipeline Water

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Five Basic Transportation Modes Pipeline Water Air

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Five Basic Transportation Modes Pipeline Water Air Rail

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Five Basic Transportation Modes Pipeline Water Air Rail Highway

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Domestic Shipments by Mode and Volume

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Domestic Shipments by Mode and Revenue

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Cost Structure For Each Transportation Mode Rail high settled expenses (area, tracks) low variable expenses (working expenses, e.g., work, fuel) moderate, yet reasonable approach to transport substantial cargo that doesn’t oblige unique taking care of, long separations

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Cost Structure For Each Transportation Mode Highway low altered expenses (government assembles, keeps up thruways) medium-high variable expenses (working expenses, e.g., work, fuel) most available mode (a larger number of expressways than railways, conduits, pipelines); best to transport medium to high esteem items short to direct separations

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Highway LTL – not exactly truckload TL – truckload Specialty

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Cost Structure For Each Transportation Mode Water moderate settled expenses (ships and cargo taking care of gear) low variable expenses (working expenses, e.g., work, fuel) moderate, however modest approach to transport vast, overwhelming cargo over long separations (e.g., seas, streams, inland conduits, lakes)

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Cost Structure For Each Transportation Mode Cost Structure For Each Transportation Mode Air low altered expenses (flying machine and cargo taking care of gear) most astounding variable expenses (e.g., work, fuel, support) quick; utilized for transporting high esteem and/or high perishability item over short to medium separations.

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Cost Structure For Each Transportation Mode Pipeline most elevated altered expenses (right of way & development expenses of gear) least variable expenses (no huge work or fuel expenses) moderate, however reliable (e.g., no climate, activity interruptions); no adaptability as to sorts of items that can be transported – must be fluid (e.g., petroleum)

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services Non Operating Intermediaries Traditional Transportation Carriers Package Services Intermodal Transportation

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services Non Operating Intermediaries Freight Forwarders Transportation Brokers Shipper Associations/Cooperatives/Agents Traditional Transportation Carriers Package Services Intermodal Transportation

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services Non Operating Intermediaries Freight Forwarders Transportation Brokers Shipper Associations/Cooperatives/Agents Traditional Transportation Carriers Package Services Intermodal Transportation

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services Non Operating Intermediaries Freight Forwarders Transportation Brokers Shipper Associations/Cooperatives/Agents Traditional Transportation Carriers Package Services Intermodal Transportation

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services Non Operating Intermediaries Freight Forwarders Transportation Brokers Shipper Associations/Cooperatives/Agents Traditional Transportation Carriers Package Services Intermodal Transportation

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Transportation Functions, Principles, Participants Transportation Regulation Transportation Industry Structure Transportation Services Non Operating Intermediaries Traditional Transportation Carriers Package Serv

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