Islam 101 Dr. Ishaq Zahid zahidi@citadel islam101.


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Islam 101 Dr. Ishaq Zahid zahidi@citadel.edu http://www.islam101.com Diagram Islamic Philosophy – Fundamental Convictions Muslim Non-Muslim Relations Citations From Quran and Hadith Questions/Answers No Impulse
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Islam 101 Dr. Ishaq Zahid zahidi@citadel.edu http://www.islam101.com

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Outline Islamic Theology – Basic Beliefs Muslim Non-Muslim Relations Quotations From Quran and Hadith Questions/Answers

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No Compulsion Let there be no impulse in religion. Truth emerges clear from Error. Whoever rejects insidious and puts stock in God has gotten a handle on the most reliable hand-hold, that never breaks. Furthermore, God hears and knows all things. (The Holy Quran, 2.256)

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World Muslims 1.2 billion, Muslims speak to somewhere around 19.2% and 22% of the world\'s populace. One of each five persons on the planet is a Muslim Second biggest religion on the planet

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Africa 308,660,000 27.4% Asia 778,362,000 69.1% Europe 32,032,000 2.8% Latin America 1,356,000 0.1% North America 5,530,000 0.5% World 1,126,325,000 100% World Distribution of Muslims Source:   Britannica Yearbook, 1997

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American Muslims 6 million (The New York Times, Feb. 21, 1989) About 40% Afro-American Not all Muslims are Arabs, Not all Arabs are Muslims

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The Basics of Faith Belief in One God (Allah) Belief in Prophethood All the Divine Books as uncovered by God to different prophets Angels, Jinns(Demons), Life after Death and the Day of Judgment, Heaven and Hell

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Allah – the One God Allah is the Arabic name for God utilized by Muslims of the world and additionally Arab Christians. Let\'s assume: He is God, the One and Only;â  God, the Eternal, Absolute;â  He sires not, nor is He conceived; And there is none like unto Him. (The Quran, Chapter 112)

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Allah: name in the Bible "ELOI, ELOI, LAMA SABACHTHANI? which is, being translated, My God, My God, why hast thou neglected me?" (Mark 15:34). ALLELUYA = YA ALLA HU = OH! Allah Elohim =Eloh +im (plural), meant Allah in the Arabic Bible.

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Prophets and Scriptures SOME PROPHETS: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Ishaq, Jacob (Israel), Joseph, Benjamin, Moses, Aaron, David, Solomon, Zakareya, John, Jesus, Muhammad (peace be on them) DIVINE BOOKS: Torah, Zabur (Psalms), Injeel (Gospel), Quran Belief in ALL prophets of God Source of All Books is God Main Message of all Prophets: Islam

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Prophet Muhammad Descendant of Ishmael, the first child of Abraham. Conceived in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, in the year 570 C.E. Gotten first disclosure at the age 40 through blessed messenger Gabriel. Kicked the bucket in the year 632 C.E, in the wake of lecturing Islam for a long time. GEORGE BERNARD SHAW said in regards to him: "He must be known as the Savior of Humanity. I trust that if a man like him were to expect the advanced\'s autocracy world, he would succeed in taking care of its issues in a manner that would bring it greatly required peace and happiness." (The Genuine Islam, Singapore, Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936)

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Quran: The Holy Book Original in place as given by the Prophet in Arabic 23 Years of Revelations (610 - 632 C.E.) 114 Chapters; One Chapter, Multiple Revelations Chapter (Surah) names Historic Context matters Verses Explain Verses Commentary required in the light of Arabic, History, and Sunnah

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Sunnah and Hadith Approvals, objections to the Prophet Compiled in discrete books, known as Hadith books, after the Prophet\'s demise Classified from credible to false.

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Quran: Verse 8:12 Often confused Verse by Islam bashers: Remember thy Lord motivated the holy messengers (with the message): "I am with you: offer solidness to the Believers: I will impart fear into the Unbelievers\' hearts: destroy ye over their necks and destroy all their fingertips off them." (The Quran, 8.12) Read for a clarification: http://www.islam101.com/dread/verse8_12.htm

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Quran: Verse 8:61 008.061 But in the event that the adversary slant towards peace, do thou (additionally) slant towards peace, and trust in God: for He is One that hears and knows (all things). 060.008â  God denies you not, as to the individuals who battle you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from managing sympathetic and legitimately with them: for God adores the individuals who are just. 060.009â  God just precludes you, with respect to the individuals who battle you for (your) Faith, and drive you out of your homes, and bolster (others) in driving you out, from swinging to them (for fellowship and assurance). It is, for example, swing to them (in these circumstances), that do off-base.

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Worship and Obedience Prayers (Salah) Charity (Zakat) Fasting ( Ramadan) Pilgrimage (Hajj) Any demonstration done by and Sunnah to please God

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Prayers (Salah) Five Daily Prayers from Dawn to Late Evening control a Muslim’s day Prayers include bathing, standing, bowing, prostrating, sitting stances Face Kabah, requests to God in Arabic as taught by the Prophet. Extra Prayers discretionary

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Charity (Zakat) 024.056 So build up customary Prayer and give general Charity; and comply with the Apostle; that ye may get kindness. (The Quran) Required 2.5% philanthropy on yearly investment funds A Muslim must be a beneficent individual Removing a stone from the street is philanthropy Greeting with a grin is a philanthropy

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Fasting 002.183 O ye who accept! Fasting is recommended to you as it was endorsed to those before you, that ye may (learn) poise. (The Quran) Ramadan is ninth month in Islamic Lunar timetable Daily first light to nightfall quick for 29/30 days (no nourishment or beverage) Eidul-Fitr Holiday toward the end

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Hajj (Pilgrimage) Pilgrimage to Makkah once in life time for capable Muslims About 2-3 million Muslims perform Hajj every year from everywhere throughout the world. Eidul-Adha: the greatest Muslim Holiday

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Video Clip Inside Mecca By National Geopgraphic

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Muslim Non-Muslim Relations A Christian King of Ethopia Treaty with Jews of Madinah Letter to Moncks of St. Catherine

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A Christian King Negus of Ethopia Negus offers Protection to relocated Muslims First Muslim-Christian Governmental Interaction

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Treaty with Jews of Madina Prophet needs to move to Madina (around 200 miles from Makkah) Signs a settlement with Jews of Madina No impulse in Religion

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Letter to Moncks Verily, I shield them without anyone else\'s input, the hirelings, the partners, and my supporters, on the grounds that Christians are my residents; and by Allah! I hold out against anything that disappoints them. No impulse is to be on them. Their houses of worship are to be regarded.

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Some Quotations from Quran and Hadith Food Mothers Daughters Human Equality Justice Repel Evil with Goodness Suicide is a grave sin

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Food 002.172 O ye who accept! Eat of the great things that We have accommodated you, and be thankful to God, in the event that it is Him ye venerate. Illegal: Meat of creatures discovered dead blood the tissue of swine Alcoholic drinks, (for example, brew and wine) and intoxicants Meat on which name of God is not summoned at time of butchering or meat on which somebody else’s name is conjured Permitted: nourishment of the Book\'s People

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MOTHERS The Qur\'an lifts benevolence to folks (particularly moms) to a status second just to the love of Allah. Your Lord has declared that you adore none however Him and that you be caring to folks. Whether one or them two achieve maturity in your life, say not to them an expression of hatred nor repulse them, yet address them as far as honor. (Qur\'an 17:23) And We have urged on each individual (to be great) to his/her guardians: in travail upon travail did his/her mom bear him/her and in years twain was his/her weaning: (hear the charge) "Show appreciation to me and to your folks: to Me is (you\'re last) destiny." (Qur\'an 31:14)

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DAUGHTERS Prophet Muhammad (Peace be on him) said, Whosoever has a little girl and does not cover her alive, does not affront her, and does not support his child over her, Allah will enter him into Paradise. (Ahmad)

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Human Equality in Islam Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: "No Arab has any predominance over a non-Arab, nor does a non-Arab have any prevalence over an Arab. Nor does a white man have any predominance over a dark man, or the dark man any prevalence over the white man. You are every one of the offspring of Adam, and Adam was made from clay"

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Justice in Islam "Do not let your disdain of an individuals actuate you to aggression." (Quran 5:2) "And don\'t let malevolence towards any society induce you with the goal that you swerve from managing legitimately. Be only; that is closest to heedfulness." (Quran 5:8) ‘Oh you who trust, stand up solidly for equity, as witnesses to God, regardless of the possibility that it be against yourselves, or your folks, or you\'re family, and whether it be against rich or poor; for God can best ensure both. Try not to take after any energy, keeping in mind that you not be just. Furthermore, on the off chance that you bend or decay to do equity, verily God is very much familiar with all that you do.’ ” (Quran 4:135)

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Repel Evil with Goodness 041.034 Nor can goodness and Evil be equivalent. Repulse (Evil) with what is better: Then will he in the middle of whom and thee was scorn ended up so to speak thy companion and private! 003.134 Those who spend (uninhibitedly), whether in thriving, or in difficulty; who control outrage, and acquittal (all) men; for God adores the individuals who do great.

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Suicide is a Grave Sin O ye who accept! Gobble not up your property among yourselves in vanities: But rather let there be amongst you Traffic and exchange by shared cooperative attitude: Nor execute (or pulverize) yourselves: for verily God has been to you Most Merciful! (Quran, 4:29)

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Concluding Remarks Strive for peace and equity for all!

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Questions and Answers Surah Al-Fatehah (Chapter 1: The Opening) 1. For the sake of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 2. Applause be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the universes; 3. Most Gracious, Most Merciful; 4. Expert of the Day of Judgment. 5. Thee do we lo

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