Islam Theme: Order Through Community .


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Islam Theme: Order Through Community Lesson 19

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ID & SIG: Allah, Five Pillars of Islam, jihad, Mecca, Medina, Muhammad, Quran, Ramadan, sharia, Shia, Sufi, Sunni, umma

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Islam and Muslim Islam signifies "accommodation" Signifies compliance to the manage and will of Allah A Muslim is one who acknowledges the Islamic confidence Means "one who has submitted"

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Muhammad Born in 570 into a trustworthy group of vendors in Mecca Lost both of his folks when he was 6 years of age As a young fellow, Muhammad worked for Khadija, a well off dowager who he wedded around 595 This marriage picked up him a place of some noticeable quality in Meccan culture By the age of 30 Muhammad had built up himself as a shipper

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Muhammad\'s status as a trader without a doubt got him contact with both Jews and Christians and he would have had a fundamental learning of both beliefs About 610, when he was around 40, Muhammad had a profound affair that persuaded him that there was just a single genuine god, Allah ("God")

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Allah Elements of Muhammad\'s otherworldly change Allah runs the universe Idolatry and the acknowledgment of different divine beings adds up to fiendishness Allah would soon bring his judgment on the world Muhammad got messages or disclosures from Gabriel, the chief heavenly messenger, educating him to disclose his confidence to others

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Quran (Koran) Muhammad initially simply imparted the message to his family and dear companions, yet bit by bit others got to be distinctly intrigued By around 620, an ardent and extending minority in Mecca had joined Muhammad\'s hover As the Muslim people group developed, Muhammad\'s devotees started recording his oral recitations into composed writings During the 650s these compositions were issued as the Quran ("recitation")

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Medina The developing notoriety of Muhammad\'s proclaiming acquired him struggle with Mecca\'s elites In 622, Muhammad fled to Medina, somewhere in the range of 214 miles north of Mecca The move got to be distinctly known as the hijra ("relocation") and imprints the beginning stage of the authority Islamic logbook

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Reasons for Muhammad\'s Conflict in Mecca Insistence that Allah was the main genuine god conflicted with numerous polytheistic Arabs Muhammad\'s condemnation of insatiability as an ethical shortcoming that Allah would rebuff debilitated Mecca\'s rich dealers Muhammad\'s assault on worshipful admiration spoke to a monetary danger to the individuals who benefitted from the many sanctuaries to the different gods Ka\'ba was one such holy place

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Umma In Mecca, Muhammad had lived inside a set up political system and subsequently focused on good and religious measurements In Medina, the general public in a state of banishment required direction in more than simply profound matters Muhammad sorted out his adherents into a durable group called the umma ("group of the loyal")

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Umma Muhammad gave an exhaustive lawful and social code He drove the group in supplication and in fight He gave monetary bolster both by arranging business wanders and by striking processions from Mecca He accommodated the help of vagrants and dowagers and made almsgiving a prime good esteem

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Umma Individuals have a place with a group The constructive advantages of all who grasp Islam (social equity, solidarity and reason, and political security) are delighted in by all in zones guided by Islamic law ( dar al-Islam implies the "place of Islam" and alludes to lands under Islamic run) Mecca Detroit East London

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Return to Mecca In 630, Muhammad assaulted Mecca, vanquished it, and constrained the elites to embrace the confidence Destroyed agnostic holy places and supplanted them with mosques Imposed an administration committed to Allah Building on the victory of Mecca, Muhammad propelled other military battles and when of his passing in 632, the majority of Arabia was under his control

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Ka\'ba Muhammad saved the Ka\'ba from decimation and protected it as an image of Mecca\'s enormity In 632, Muhammad drove the primary journey to the Ka\'ba Establishes the hajj for instance for every dedicated Muslim

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Five Pillars of Islam Acknowledge Allah as the main god and Muhammad as his prophet ( iman ) Pray to Allah day by day while confronting Mecca ( salah ) Observe a quick amid sunshine hours of the time of Ramadan ( sawm ) Contribute offerings to the alleviation of the powerless and poor ( zakah ) Those who are physically and monetarily capable must make no less than one journey to Mecca ( hajj )

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Translation of the Adan (Call to Prayer) God is Great. God is Great. God is Great. God is Great. I affirm that there is none deserving of love aside from God. I affirm that there is none deserving of love with the exception of God. I affirm that Muhammad is the delegate of God. I affirm that Muhammad is the detachment of God. Come to petition! Come to supplication! Come to achievement! Come to achievement! God is Great! God is Great! There is none deserving of love with the exception of God.

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Ramadan Ninth month of the Islamic timetable A period for internal reflection, dedication to God, and restraint Daily time of fasting from day break to sunset Observers absolutely refuse nourishment, drink, smoking, and sex Ramadan closes with a happy festival called \'Eid-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Fast-Breaking)

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Anticipated Days for Ramadan First Day 2005: 10/04/2005         Last Day 2005: 11/02/2005 First Day 2006: 09/23/2006          Last Day 2006: 10/22/2006 First Day 2007:  09/12/2007  Last Day 2007: 10/11/2007 Muslims utilize the lunar logbook which is 11 days shorter than the Gregorian schedule Takes around 35 years to experience the whole cycle

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Jihad Sometimes called the 6th column Jihad is more than a "sacred war" It is an effort or battle in accomplishing the methods for Allah It requires a carefulness "against all that occupies us from God and effort to do His will inside ourselves and also protecting and restoring the request and concordance that He has willed for Islamic culture and the world about us." Seyyed Nasr in Our Religions, ed. Arvind Sharma, 475

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Jihad In the late 20 th and mid 21 st Centuries, radicals started utilizing the idea of jihad to excuse and legitimize psychological oppression and unrest "… in consistence with Allah\'s request, we issue the accompanying fatwa [a legitimate profession issued by a religious law authority on a particular issue] to all Muslims: The decision to murder the Americans and their partners - regular people and military - is an individual obligation for each Muslim who can do it in any nation in which it is conceivable to do it, so as to free the al-Aqsa Mosque and the heavenly mosque [Mecca] from their hold, and all together for their armed forces to move out of the considerable number of terrains of Islam, vanquished and not able to undermine any Muslim. This is as per the expressions of Almighty Allah, \'and battle the agnostics all together as they battle all of you together,\' and \'battle them until there is no more tumult or mistreatment, and there win equity and confidence in Allah.\'" World Islamic Front Statement, 23 February 1998

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Islamic Ethics Islam values rehearse over conviction Of the Five Pillars, four concern hone (acts, deeds or attempts) that disciples must satisfy Prayer Fasting Almsgiving Pilgrimage Living accurately overshadows ideologies and conventions

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Sharia After the passing of Muhammad, the sharia , Islamic heavenly law, rose to give definite direction on legitimate conduct in practically every part of day by day life Drew its motivation from the Quran and chronicled records of Muhammad\'s life and lessons Through the sharia, Islam turned out to be more than a religious teaching It formed into a lifestyle finish with social and moral qualities got from Islamic religious regulation.

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Expansion of Islam Muhammad made no arrangements for a successor after his demise Serious divisions emerged Within a brief span in any case, the Islamic people group propelled a progression of military crusades that developed its impact a long ways past the limits of Arabia

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Caliphs Since Muhammad was "the seal of the prophets," nobody could succeed him as another prophet Abu Bakr, one of Muhammad\'s dearest companion\'s and teaches tailed him as caliph ("appointee") Caliphs would lead the umma as lieutenants or substitutes for Muhammad, as opposed to as prophets

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Expansion and Problems Islamic warriors increased amazing triumphs over the Byzantine and Sasanid domains which were depleted from battling each other and assaulted by inward issues Expansion of Islam to 750

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Expansion and Problems As Islam extended, it was confronted with issues of administration and organization One issue was selecting the caliphs Political desire, individual contrasts, and tribe loyalties confounded the procedure Disagreements over progression prompted to the rise of the Shia order

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Shia ("gathering") are the most imperative contrasting option to the greater part Muslim gathering, the Sunni ("traditionalists") Shiites favored Ali, Muhammad\'s cousin and child in law, as caliph rather than Abu Bakr Ali became the fourth caliph (656-661) yet was killed and his executioners forced their own caliph Shiites enthusiastically opposed and attempted to give back the caliphate to the line of Ali

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Shia Shiites fortified their personality by embracing conventions and ceremonies unmistakable from the Sunnis Observed blessed days to pay tribute to their pioneers and saints Taught that the relatives of Ali were faultless, blameless, and supernaturally named to control

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Shiites About 15% of all Muslims Islam\'s pioneer ought to be a relative of Mohammad Qualified religious pioneers have the specialist to translate the sharia (Islamic law) Sunnis About 85% of all Muslims Leaders ought to be picked through ijma , or accord The sharia was classified and shut by t

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