Italian Renaissance .

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Italian Renaissance. 1300-1600. Italian States. The civilization of the Italian Renaissance was urban, centered on towns that had become prosperous from manufacturing, trade, and banking.
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Italian Renaissance 1300-1600

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Italian States The progress of the Italian Renaissance was urban, focused on towns that had gotten to be prosperous from assembling, exchange, and saving money. Italians had obtained significant riches, and some of this riches was utilized to bolster journalists, researchers, and specialists.

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During the Renaissance, Italy stayed isolated politically. In northern Italy, the city-conditions of Florence, Milan, and Venice got to be significant focuses of the Renaissance human advancement. Rome ruled the Papal States of focal Italy, while the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies grasped the greater part of southern Italy.

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Florence Oligarchy Medici family Savonarola Milan Condottiere Spanish domain Venice Great Council Doge Monopoly on flavor and extravagance exchange Papal States Renaissance Popes Julius II Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Poor land Spanish realm Italian States

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Tuscan Triumvirate - > vernacular Dante Alighieri Divine Comedy Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch) Italian work - ballad of 14 lines (8 and 6) Literary humanism Giovanni Boccaccio Decameron Niccolo Machiavelli The Prince Bladassare Castiglione The Book of the Courtier Benvenuto Cellini Autobiography Lorenzo Valla Linguistic/recorded examination Renaissance Literature

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Italian Renaissance Art Religious scenes concentrated on expressions Holy as human God\'s excellence in world Neo-Platonism Nude body Uniqueness - self-pictures Pagan myths as Christian symbols Individual-mainstream dishonor

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Giotto Religious subjects in more human design and reasonable setting Illusion of profundity

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Masaccio Used light and shade to point of view The Holy Trinity

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Sandro Botticelli Vivid hues Classical mythology The Adoration of the Magi The Birth of Venus Primavera

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Leonardo da Vinci First Italian craftsman to utilize oil paints Mona Lisa The Last Supper The Virgin of the Rocks Religious matter in common and acculturated mold

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Leonardo da Vinci Studying fossils Anatomy from analyzations First exact portrayal of human skeleton Remained on paper

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Raphael Santi Humanized Madonna canvases Sistine Madonna School of Athens

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Michelangelo Buonarotti Sistine Chapel Nine scenes of OT from Creation to Flood The Last Judgment David Moses Pieta Dying Slave Night

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Michelangelo Buonarotti

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Titian Tiziano Vecellio Most popular Venetian painter One painting a month "Titian" red The Assumption of the Virgin

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The Northern Renaissance The impact of the Italian Renaissance bit by bit spread northward. The Northern Renaissance was mixed with a more Christian soul than in Italy, where there had been frequently a practically open rebel against Christian goals.

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Renaissance in Germany and Low Countries Printing press w/moveable sort Johannes Gutenberg 1456 - the Bible Rapid spread of information

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Christian Humanism Unite traditional learning w/Christian confidence Erasmus \'Sovereign of the Humanists\' Praise of Folly Rejected Luther

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Flemish Painting Jan and Hubert van Eyck First to utilize oil paints The Adoration of the Lamb Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride

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Hieronymus Bosch Nightmarish dreamlands Garden of Earthly Delight

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Peter Brueghel Earthly and exuberant exercises of laborers Peasant Wedding Children\'s Games

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German Painting Albrecht Durer Mastery of expression Woodcuts Self-Portrait

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Hans Holbein the Younger Portraits Henry VIII Erasmus Thomas More The Ambassadors

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Elizabethan Literature Edmund Spenser Leading writer Christopher Marlowe dramatist Brief vocation Doctor Faustus William Shakespeare Most celebrated dramatist Ben Jonson Last major scholarly figure

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Spanish Renaissance Cardinal Fransciso Jumenez de Cisneros Miguel de Cervantes Don Quixote Felix Lope de Vega Most productive writer El Greco Greatest painter of SR Studied with Titian Intense religious mystery Mannerism El Escorial

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The Protestant Reformation 1517 - Luther posts 95 Theses 1534 - Act of Supremacy 1555 - Peace of Augsburg

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Martin Luther Planned to be a legal counselor Religious transformation to Augustinian friar Theology instructor at college of Wittenberg "The equitable should live by confidence." Romans (1:17) Justification by confidence Johann Tetzel Indulgence contention 95 Theses Diet of Worms

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Lutheranism "Avocation by confidence" "Sola scriptura" Baptism and blessed fellowship Priesthood of adherents German interpretation of Bible Abolished cloisters and abstinence of pastorate

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Peasants\' Revolt Holy Roman Emperor Charles V Diet of Augsburg Peace of Augsburg German ruler right to decide religion of his state Lutheran or Roman Catholic No acknowledgment of Calvinists or Anabaptists Lutheranism predominant in northern Germany and Scandinavia Lutheranism

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Ulrich Zwingli Humanist and Catholic minister Sacraments just typical functions Rejected chastity of ministry Emphasized effortlessness in love Killed by Catholic powers John Calvin Protestant Exile in Geneva Institutes of the Christian Religion Predestination Salvation by decision Puritanism Theocracy Calvinism

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Switzerland France Huguenots John Knox Presbyterians England Puritans Netherlands Max Weber\'s hypothesis of the "Protestant hard working attitude" Spread of Calvinism

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King Henry VIII Divorce of Catherine of Aragon Thomas Cramner Act of Supremacy King head of Church of England Six Articles No ecclesiastical matchless quality Sold religious communities Supported by English individuals Papal assessments "Babylonian Captivity" Monastic land Execution of Thomas More Edward VI 42 Articles More Protestant Cramner\'s Book of Common Prayer Bloody Mary Executed Cramner Married Philip II Elizabeth I Last Tudor 39 Articles Opposition Pilgrims - Separatists Mary Queen of Scots Philip II Anglicanism

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Radicals of the PR Rejection of newborn child absolution Active in Peasants\' Revolt Thomas Munzer John of Leyden Menno Simons Mennonites Anabaptism

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