Japan.


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Japan Stella Theodoulou Japan Second world mechanical force (after the US) Stable yet new majority rule government (after WWII) Liberal and cutting edge, however Non-Western Old history 6 th century: One faction brings together control over numerous (warrior) tribes, and forces ruler Jimmu.
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Japan Stella Theodoulou

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Japan Second world mechanical force (after the US) Stable however new vote based system (after WWII) Liberal and present day, yet Non-Western

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Ancient-history 6 th century: One group incorporates control over numerous (warrior) tribes, and forces ruler Jimmu. Confucianism and Buddhism land from China, and superimpose to the nearby Shinto confidence - syncreticism. Advancement of a conventional medieval society (with masters, samurai —hereditary warriors, continuos wars, serfs). Aislationism : in the seventeenth century, Christianity was prohibited, and in addition Japanese boats to depart Japan.

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Freeing Trade In 1853, American Commodore Perry conveyed to Japan a message from the American President requesting that the Japanese open the nation to remote exchange. The Japanese were compelled to sign a settlement on exchange... What\'s more, numerous different bargains from that (on the best way to treat outsiders legitimately, and on taxes)

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From Empire to Dictatorship to Liberal Democracy 1868-1911 Meiji Period 1889 Imperial (Meiji) Constitution (the Diet was set up, yet the Emperor and the samurai concentrated power and picked the Prime Minister). (Successful) wars with China (1894/5) and Russia (1904/5): Japan procured Taiwan and a piece of Manchuria. Korea was fused in 1910, and the military picked up force and distinction. 1918: A normal person is chosen as the Prime Minister interestingly, speaking to the Constitutional Party (made subsequent to the 1880s)

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From Empire to Dictatorship to Liberal Democracy Taisho Democracy: 1925, all inclusive (male) suffrage and democratization of the lower house, yet... Condition affirming the Emperor’s power. 1930s: ascent of militarism as a result of the financial emergency. Manikin non military personnel government—Expansionism—WAR (1937 with China) 1940, Alliance with Italy and Germany December 7, 1941, Pearl Harbor August 1945, utilization of nuclear bombs by the US Japanese surrender and acknowledgment of Postdam. US control of Japan

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From Empire to Dictatorship to Liberal Democracy 1947 McArthur Constitution (Gral. McArthur, leader of the occupation strengths) 1940s Organization of gatherings (Liberal, Socialist) Beginning of the financial redesign of the nation. 1950s: 1952 San Francisco Treaty (US army installations on Japan) Japan was transformed into an American associate. 1955 Beginning of the preservationist authority (accentuation on monetary development and redistribution) Strong level headed discussions between gatherings on the privilege and the left about the part and eventual fate of Japan (mobs).

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The Japanese “miracle.” 9% yearly financial development from 1955 to 1973 (and 4-5% a short time later). In 1970, Japan was the 3 rd economy on the planet. Privileged insights: State arranging (“Take off” MITI). Long haul speculations (and expected gains)—Technology. Great conditions for specialists/customers Skilled workforce

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LDP’s Hegemony From 1945-55: multi-party framework From 1955 to 1993, the LDP won each broad race . One-party-overwhelming framework. 1970s Frequent changes in bureau participation, PM abdication, groups. End in 1993: coalition of 8 gatherings (liberal/radical)

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Japan Politics Today Unstable gathering framework (continous arrangement and breaking down of parties—TV) Uncertainty about the universal part/s Japan may need to play Increasing disappointment from legislative issues Corruption

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The Government Constitutional government (male Emperor) Emperor Akihito (1989) Heisei Era (Peace Attained). A long time of the times casing the date-book. Unitary State (47 prefectures) Parliamentary popular government (Prime Minister/Cabinet) (=The United Kingdom?) (yet) Written Constitution: the MacArthur Constitution blesses the general population as the sovereign.

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Art. 9 Japanese Constitution Japan denied to utilize military force (actually, Japan has an in number military)

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The Executive Prime Minister (chose by the lower House) may submit bills for the bureau\'s sake. Individual from the lion\'s share, or speaking to a coalition . President of the guard strengths Can be evacuated by votes of no certainty Cabinet (the vast majority of its individuals originate from the Diet)

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Legislative The Diet (most astounding organ of government, made in 1889) Kokkai House of Councilors (252, 6 year-term) House of Representatives (around 500, 4-year-term). 11 individuals are chosen through SMD speaking to locale, the rest through PR. It has the more prominent force. Can be broken down (by and large every 2 or 3 years) The individuals from both houses are chosen fairly through suffrage (diff. With the UK and Germany)

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The Judiciary (Unitary System) Supreme Court (designated by the bureau & subjected to the people’s endorsement in the following race) has the force of legal audit 8 High courts 50 District Courts 50 Family Courts Summary Courts

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Source: McNelly, Theodore, “The Government of Japan,” Intro. To Comparative Gvt. Diet Election Dissolution Legislation Des. Leader/No Confidence Review enactment People (sovereign) Administration Review Cabinet Supreme Court Appointment of judges Administration of equity

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The State Bureaucracy Prestigious bureaucratic vocations (improved by the Confucian convention) Insulation Cabinet individuals have a tendency to be profession lawmakers (and driving government officials as often as possible originate from bureaucratic professions) Links to companies

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Importance of Consensus Deliberation committees connected to intrigue bunches inside of the group casually intercede in the authoritative procedure (ge

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