Java v. Bali.


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Taking into account religion, Which do we hope to flourish in Hindu Bali? ... colonization, Which do we hope to flourish in Hindu Bali? Excitement, Temple Worship ...
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Java v. Bali

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JAVA 124 million Islam Dutch Colonized 1596 Gradual Colonization Kings held Privilege & Status Extensive Inter-marriage (Dutch-Java) BALI 3.5 million Hindu Dutch Colonized 1908 Rapid Colonization Courts totally decimated Little Inter-marriage Differences

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Results? Islam v. Hindu? In Indonesia, gamelan music has 3 connections. Basic Entertainment Royal Courts Temple Worship Based on religion, Which do we hope to flourish in Islamic Java? Excitement & Courts Based on religion, Which do we hope to flourish in Hindu Bali? Amusement, Courts & Temple Worship

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Results? Moderate, Long Colonization v. Quick Violent Colonization In Indonesia, gamelan music has 3 settings. Normal Entertainment Royal Courts Temple Worship Based on colonization, Which do we hope to flourish in Java? Amusement & Courts Based on colonization, Which do we hope to flourish in Hindu Bali? Diversion, Temple Worship

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Results? Both Bali and Java have Gamelan exhibitions for Entertainment! Furthermore: Java has Court Music Bali has Temple Music

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Common Features – Wayang Kulit Shadow Puppet Theater Very Popular 9 Hour exhibitions enduring until first light Stories Draw from Hindu Epics Mahabharata & Ramayana With more than 74,000 verses, in length composition entries, and somewhere in the range of 1.8 million words altogether, the Mahabharata is ostensibly the longest epic sonnet on the planet Standard Character Types. Separated by iconography, kind of voice, discourse examples, position and development. Divine beings: talking sanskrit Heros: Speaking a bygone type of Javanese no more talked with the exception of out in the open settings Demons: Speaking low Javanese Clows ( punakawan) : Speaking present day Javanese

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Clows ( punakawan) : Very Important character part Invented no less than 1000 years back Function is to remark on current occasions and relate the epic lyric to contemporary life

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Wayang Kulit Performance ( Video ) Screen amidst the room Actor/artists behind the screen Audience all around (in front & behind) Performances are not practiced but rather depend on connection particular signs between the artists and manikin expert ( dhalang ) Rebab

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Differences (Court v. Sanctuary) Javanese Court (Stately, Formal) Balinese Temple (Energetic, Vibrant) Java Video

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Observations? Two segments to execution Melody (Suling) Rhythmic Punctuation (Colotomy) Javanese Society & Music is Hierarchical. What instruments appear to hold essential parts?

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Other Factors Influencing Javanese Gamelan Chronological Progression Influx of Music from the West Influx of Ideas from West (developing blended populace) Java gets to be Eclectic (as a component of the Dutch East Indies) Debates of Nationalism Rage (mid 20 th c) Independence 1949

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Intellectuals pick not to bolster all gamelan. In any case, what typically spoke to the most grounded symbol of old Java-The Courts! The music of the courts was a bit slower than different styles, somewhat less dynamic. What\'s more, clear in its various leveled structure! Furthermore, inside this most dignified of styles. The imagery that a that the huge Gong was the King, the Kempul spoke to individuals from the regal family, the kenong, clergymen thus on down the line. Since this imagery is so crucial to the survival of the gamelan in Java—Where imageries of this nature existed all through all gamelan—accentuation on this tasteful emerged.

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Bali - Video Style: Baris (warriors\' drill) Ritualistic style of move that delineates the exercises of an old kingdom The move portrays valor. Draws upon the Hindu sagas Mahabharata and Ramayana Tries to portray one of the epic Hero and tries to express the legend\'s courage and life. NOTE: 1) The nearby correspondence between the artists developments and the music. 2) The dynamic and emotional nature of this music from Bali when contrasted with the music of Java.

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Back to Java – Musical Structure Bubaran

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Gendhing and Colotomy Gendhing: bit of music Balungan (Core tune) Gongan (Gong cycle) Colotomy: structure of accentuation, accentuation Cyclic structure laid out by gong

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Colotomy " Bubaran " Kethuk (t) Kenong (N) Kempul (P) Gong (G) Rest (w)

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Bubaran - Full "Kembang Pacar" ("Red Flower")

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3—20-02, 4-01-02 1:50 Baris 1:25 Kebyar Trompong The cak melody now for the most part goes with move scenes from the Rāmāyana, with the theme compared to the monkey armed force that guides Rama in his endeavors to spare his significant other Sita and thrashing her abductor, the vulgar and rash monster ruler Rawana. The expansion of the move was motivated by German craftsman and artist Walter Spies in the 1930s.

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World View & Southeast Asia

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Music & Meaning What does this expression infer: "Music has Meaning?" Music and Power Does music have "power"? In the event that it has "power," music can get things going. How does music get power/which means?

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Music and Meaning Delivered through Metaphor What is a Metaphor? Something which remains for something else. Iconicity is the apparent "expectation" of a representation

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Music and Meaning Instruments Construction, Design, Materials Non-Indonesian Examples? Japanese Shinto Buddhist illustration – Instruments in their regular state. Chinese Classification (8 components) Malaysian Bamboo Stampers Others?

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Instruments (Design, Materials, Construction) Indonesia - Java Through homologous relationship with autochthonous energies of nature, gong gatherings and their music got to be representations for common strengths and turned into the instruments for the control of normal powers.

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Instruments (Design, Materials, Construction) Indonesia - Java Materials Miner – Disturbs the natural powers of the earth, expels a bit of its body Malayan Miners Gods more established than Bhudda, Hindu divine beings or Allah Muslim petition is viewed as an insult. Development Blacksmith – Does enchantment. Makes something wonderful from something crude. Does what the earth can do, yet better and speedier. Impersonates the force of the spring of gushing lava. Time, vitality, collaboration, craftsmanship/science Autochthonous – 35 Active Volcanoes on Java Agung = Gong , Gunung = Mountain

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Instruments (Design, Materials, Construction) Indonesia - Java Design Sakti = Female Power Two extensive Gongs (One male, one female) Two lines of Bonang (One male, one female) Possessing a gamelan, gives the proprietor Kesaktian . That is, they have an equalization of female and male force. (Also, along these lines the ability to control) "Tunedness" Old time similitudes? Present day Metaphors? video

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Where else do we discover Meaning in Music? Other than Instrument Performance Practice (Structural, Contextual) Sounds (Form, Melody, Harmony, Texture, Timbre)

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Performance Practice (Structural, Contextual) Context Location of the Ensembles (e.g. Courts in Java) Hierarchical position of entertainers Structure Unique tuning for every troupe Hierarchy of Instruments

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What of Performance Practice from other Asian Cultures? Malaysia? Ladies Play the bamboo? Men Stand and Sing? Ladies sing the Chorus? Men join the Women for the Chorus amid key minutes!

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Musical Sounds (Form, Melody, Harmony, Timbre, Texture) What is the most critical musical component in Javanese/Balinese Gamelan? Structure! Cyclic, Colotomic (kind of composition) "Through homologous relationship with autochthonous energies of nature, gong troupes and their music got to be allegories for characteristic powers and turned into the instruments for the control of common powers."

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Cycles of Coincidence in Java and Bali Perceived in Life (resurrection) Agriculture Time Cosmos Calendar Language Music

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Borobudur Temple

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Borobudur

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They utilize the Gregorian for official and universal dating, the Saka , or moon schedule, and the Pakuwon cycle of 210 days for functions and celebrations, which does not check years.

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OK, so Javanese Gamelan has cycles. What is it\'s energy?

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Bubaran - Full "Kembang Pacar" ("Red Flower")

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n general there has been an inclination to adjust profoundly hallowed moves for more common connections, for example, visitor exhibitions; case of these are kecak,legong, baris and topeng (for points of interest of going with groups, see §(iii) above). cak ( kecak , in which a tune of men sitting leg over leg in concentric circles yell fast interlocking syllables and sing in impersonation of Balinese gamelan sounds). The cak ensemble now for the most part goes with move scenes from the Rāmāyana, with the theme compared to the monkey armed force that guides Rama in his endeavors to spare his better half Sita and annihilation her abductor, the scurrilous and hasty monstrosity ruler Rawana. The expansion of the move was motivated by German craftsman and performer Walter Spies in the 1930s.

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