June 16, 2004 FHWA Talking Cargo Workshop.

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Category: General / Misc
Decrease in transportation cost huge boats; twofold tracks. West Coast Competitive ... Test charge transport 20 ft holder from Shanghai to Oakland $1900, to Chicago ...
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June 16, 2004 FHWA Talking Freight Seminar Programming for Trade Growth Louis Rubenstein Port Traffic Engineer r8

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Outline Growth Trends Container Shipping Basics Bigger Ships, Terminals Landside Impact Constraints Expansion Programs Environment Reducing Truck Impacts

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Why has West Coast Trade Increased? General Growth in World Trade Income development—as reflected in GDP development Decline in tax boundaries—1974=7.1%; current=1.9% Decline in transportation cost—huge boats; twofold tracks West Coast Competitive Advantages Increase in Asia exchanges - % U.S. in 1970=8%; 2002=40% Post Panamax compartment vessels—ships>106 ft shaft Intermodal rail framework and interfacing roads Good climate Large neighborhood market Labor supply

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Socal Ports May Lose Market Share Showing an enduring increment since the mid-1990\'s, the Ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles lost 1.5% piece of the overall industry in the main portion of 2003 Increased limit at PNW ports Increased limit on all-water courses West drift as of now 48% US complete ocean exchange Growing turnpike clog

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National Demand One portion of all LB load moves east of Rockies. Chicago: 3-4 days. NY: 5-6 days.

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2. Holder Shipping Basics Competition Service and piece of the overall industry higher need than cost Sample charge – ship 20 ft compartment from Shanghai to Oakland $1900, to Chicago $2500 - Oakland to Shanghai $700 Volume measured in TEUs, twenty foot proportionate units, 80% are FEUs (40 ft+) Weekly administration – N Asia stacking 4 days, ocean venture 2x6500 miles (27 days) – N America stacking 4 days 6000 TEU ship capital expense $120 m or $20,000/TEU Operating cost 4000 TEU ship - $15/TEU/Day 12,000 TEU ship - $12/TEU/Day

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Terminal Land Throughput Factors: abide time, esteem, stack tallness, purges, crane rates, # handlings, # sorts, arbitrary get, examination Container Yard $/TEU 8500 TEU/section of land/yr new stacking framework 7000 TEU/section of land/yr grounded 3800 TEU/section of land/yr wheeled On Dock Rail Yard 10 compartment lifts/track foot year 1 section of land of rail yard/1000 feet track

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3. Greater Ships Bigger Terminals 10,000 TEU deliver week after week administration, 85% release 442,000 x 2 = 884,000 TEU/yr If wheeled: 3800 TEU/section of land/yr = 230 sections of land If grounded: 7000 TEU/section of land/yr = 125 sections of land If 25% by rail 221,000/10 = 22,100 track feet rail yard = 22 sections of land 20% TEU, 80% FEU – 491,000 holders/yr 1.3 truck trips/compartment, 5.3 days/wk – 2300 truck trips/day (0% rail)

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8000 TEU Ships

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Limits to Ship Size Demand Suez Canal 12,000 TEU L: 1312\', W: 185\', D:56\', AD: 185\' Panama Canal Current: 4,400 TEU W:106\' Future: 12,000 TEU Malacca Strait 18,000 TEU Port Infrastructure Bridge statures, channel profundities & widths

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4. Landside Impact - POLA/LB Inland Flows

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POLB/POLA Daily Trips 230,235 PCEs 98,490 PCEs (Passenger-auto counterparts)

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5. Requirements - Major California/Federal Laws CA: Existing ports urged to modernize & develop inside existing limits No new ports permitted on coastline Limits physical limits of Port Tidelands Trust Truck arrangements EIR Federal: Wetlands, EIS Marine Transportation Security Act

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Community Relations Some activists are requiring an end to Port development If we don\'t develop mindfully, open resistance could develop Infrastructure upgrades rely on upon group bolster All partners in the production network must turn out to be more mindful of group concerns

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6. Development Programs Megaterminals

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Mega-Container Terminal Program 5 Terminals Each 300+ Acres Piers T, An, E, G, J Pier S (217 Acres) North Harbor Planning Study Moving Toyota to North Harbor & Expanding Pier A – current Hanjin area

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Megaterminal Program Cost Total Cost $1.9 Billion – in procedure of modifying upward Does Not Include: Pier W – huge fill North Harbor Redevelopment

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Further Landfill

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TONNAGE SHARE OF U.S. Holder TRADE—National Dredging Needs Study of U.S. Ports and Harbors: Update 2000 (USACE & DRI WEFA)

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Gerald Desmond Bridge Replacement Est. taken a toll: $711M (escalated$) Part of I 710 Freeway development, 20 miles $4+ billion

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H-Tower with Straight Legs

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Port of Long Beach Rail Master Planning Study Railyard limit model Intermodal mode split investigation Rail reenactment model; rail LOS

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Baseline Rail Yard Projects (2020) Mega-Terminal Program Total Cost: $293 million

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7. Environment Port gear elective fills study Yard hardware diesel hardware diminishment program Yard hardware elective powers Slow ship paths Cold pressing Short line RR diesel outflow decrease Coke terminal dust control

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Marine & Locomotive Contribution to Statewide NOx Emissions 7% 6% 3% 9% 5% 2000 2020 2010

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Marine & Locomotive Contribution to Statewide Diesel PM Emissions 10% 6% 10% 26% 8% 15% 2000 2020 2010

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8. Decreasing Truck Impacts Extended entryway hours 15% night  40% Virtual unfilled holder yard (- 5%) Virtual say something movement Electronic seals, RFID labels – enhanced terminal/trucker interchanges Additional on dock, close dock rail (- 10% ) Share train yard Shuttle trains - east and west bound, neighborhood, multi-purpose SR47 (Alameda St) Truck Expressway (- 7%) I710, span changes

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Port Container Traffic - Rail versus Truck

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Agile Port "Square Swap" Full-length trains are worked at the on-dock yard, yet they comprise of pieces of autos (10 compartments/auto) each sorted for particular eastern destinations. At the inland office, these squares are then sorted with pieces from different trains to make destination-particular unit trains. "No Sort" Shuttle Trains Unsorted full-length trains are worked at the marine terminal. All sorting of holders into destination-particular unit trains is done at the inland office. Requires the holder to be offloaded from the inland office to other destination particular trains.

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