Karl Marx Friedrich Engels: From Socialism to Communism .


46 views
Uploaded on:
Category: Education / Career
Description
Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels: From Socialism to Communism. “Workers of all lands unite. The philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways; the point is to change it” Inscription on Karl Marx’s tombstone in London. Socialist Origins. Christian Socialism. Co-operative Movement.
Transcripts
Slide 1

Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels: From Socialism to Communism "Specialists of all grounds join together. The logicians have just deciphered the world in different ways; the fact is to change it" Inscription on Karl Marx\'s gravestone in London

Slide 2

Socialist Origins Christian Socialism Co-agent Movement Trade Unions Utopian Theorisers Early to Mid Nineteenth Century Socialism Revolutionary Socialism Democratic Socialism Marxism Anarchism Socialist Parties

Slide 3

Idea of Socialism Latin: Socius – Companion Fellowship Poor, feeble and abused need Pooling of assets Redistribution of riches Individual rights subordinated to Common Good Intra-Inter-Multinational Oppressors Natural adversary to Nationalism

Slide 4

Roots of Socialism Christian Socialism Christian Doctrine Community Renouncing of individual riches Selflessness Helping the Poor Sermon on the Mount Used to legitimize cooperation Protestant versus Catholic Competition

Slide 5

Roots of Socialism Trade Unionism Collective bartering Pay and conditions Artisans Guilds Horizontal Craft Unions Industry Wide Unions Vertical Unions Variety of belief systems Working Class base

Slide 6

Roots of Socialism Co-agent Movement Protect individuals from being misused by enormous business Manufacturing Eg Robert Owen Consumer Rochdale Pioneers Agricultural Peasant ranchers consenting to coordinate

Slide 7

Roots of Socialism Utopian Theorists French Influence Inspired by French Revolution Tainted by French Revolution Variety of Ideas Model Communes Scientifically requested society free from government impedance State-subsidized specialist controlled ventures Egalitarianism Harmony

Slide 8

Marx: The Early Years Born in Prussia Middle class family Ancestors Rabbis Although he was sanctified through water a protestant Doctorate in Materialism & Atheism in Ancient Greece Hegelian Joins Young Hegelian Movement at Berlin Uni Historical Inevitability Replaces Hegel\'s Spirit with Economic Materialism Rationalist as opposed to Romantic Prussians refuse his advancement at the University Journalist in Cologne Criticisms of Prussian rulers prompts daily paper\'s conclusion Flees to Paris, 1843 Joins communist gatherings Writes his first comrade thoughts Economic and Philosophical compositions, 1844 Meets Friedrich Engels

Slide 9

Freidrich Engels: The Early Years Bremen Wealthy family Cotton laborers with worries in Belgium and Manchester Sympathetic with Socialism Meets Marx in Paris 1843 Moves to Belgium with Marx 1844 Joins socialist League 1848 – 1850 aides in Revolutions 1850 comes back to father\'s cotton process in Manchester Supplies money related support for Karl Marx to attempt ponders

Slide 10

Marx and the 1848 Revolutions Belgium 1844 – 1847 Studies History London 1847 – 1848 Joins Communist League Publishes auspicious Communist Manifesto "A Specter is frequenting Europe – the ghost of Communism" "Let the decision classes tremble" "The Proletarians have nothing to lose except for their chains" "Working men of all nations, join together!" Paris and Berlin Forced to escape back to England

Slide 11

Das Kapital 30 Years of Preparation Engels gave fund British Library gave Research Facilities Dialectical realism Aimed to make a Universal Theory of Human Society to supplement Darwin\'s Natural Theory of Evolution Mixture of thoughts Materialist History Feuerbach Class Struggle Labor Theory of Value Saint-Simon Adam Smith Dialectical Progress Hegel Intellectualy expelled Despite logical meticulousness Emotionally Devastating Quasi-religion for the confiscated

Recommended
View more...