Kids' nourishment: a worldwide crisis.


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Kids' nourishment: a worldwide crisis Philip James IPA WHF IDF IUNS IOTF LSHTM and Seat of IOTF and the Presidential Board of the Worldwide Aversion Collusion Lack of healthy sustenance: a proceeding with shock TMRU, Kingston, Jamaica, Christmas 1966 % underweight kids on the planet
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Kids\' sustenance: a worldwide crisis Philip James IPA WHF IDF IUNS IOTF LSHTM and Chair of IOTF and the Presidential Council of the Global Prevention Alliance

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Malnutrition: a proceeding with shock TMRU, Kingston, Jamaica, Christmas 1966

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% underweight youngsters on the planet Millions of underweight & hindered schoolchildren IFPRI Projections with free market components Potential reaction on the premise of Thailand\'s accomplishments % World Food Summit objective Desired UN reaction with real change in approaches Elimination hunger: a worldwide deficiency in arrangements and needs UN Millennium report. James et al. Nourishment & Nut Bulletin 2000, 21:Supplment 3

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WHERE IS THE PRIORITY ?

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Reduced ability to tend to infant Inadequate fetal nourishment Lifecycle: the proposed causal connections Epigenetic helplessness to unending maladies if eating regimen gets to be wrong Higher death rate Impaired mental improvement Baby Elderly Inadequate development Low Birth Weaning Malnourished Untimely/deficient Weight Frequent contaminations Inadequate sustenance, wellbeing & care Inadequate nourishment, wellbeing & care Child Stunted Woman Reduced mental limit Malnourished Pregnancy Low Weight Inadequate sustenance, wellbeing & care Adolescent Gain Stunted Higher maternal mortality Reduced mental limit Adapted from James et al. SCN Millennium Rep. Sustenance & Nutrition Bulletin, 2000, 21, 3S. Lacking sustenance, wellbeing & care

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Cod liver oil Milk Orange juice British wartime bolstering in light of novel dietary ideas

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The change of horticulture: an issue of major national security

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A quarter-pound cheeseburger, huge fries and a 16 oz. pop give: 1,166 calories 51 g fat 95 mg cholesterol 1,450 mg sodium

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40 Raw information 30 All information % overweight or corpulent 20 10 0 Year 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 1900 – 2000: Prevalence of overweight and corpulence for 5 - 15 yr old Australian kids Norton K et al, Int J Pediatr Obes 2006

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Global aggregate Obese 74 mil. O/wt 287 mil. Pervasiveness e.g. US S.Arabia e.g. UK % e.g. China e.g. India Projected overweight (incl. corpulence) rates for school age kids Wang and Lobstein, IOTF, 2006 .

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Nutritional Contrasts

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Prevalence % 35 Overweight Obese Overweight Obese Americas 30 25 Near & Middle East 20 Europe 15 10 World 5 Asia-Pacific 0 Sub-Sahara Childhood overweight & heftiness Lobstein et al., Obesity in Young Children. 2004, Obesity Reviews 5 (Suppl. 1), 4–85

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Reduced ability to nurture infant Disordered fetal sustenance Child overweight Adolescent O/W-corpulent The effect of unseemly Western eating regimens on the world\'s majority vulnerable populaces: wellbeing frameworks officially overpowered Diabetes, strokes, coronary illness, malignancies joint pain Fat Baby Elderly Normal/high development High Birth Early Weaning Untimely/lacking Weight Frequent quick nourishments Rapid weight increase Inadequate physical movement Inadequate medicinal services framework Abdominal corpulence Woman Reduced play and social separation o/w or hefty Pregnancy Glucose narrow mindedness/diabetes Poor school conditions Reduced fruitfulness; CVD, HT Cancers Early onset Type 2 Diabetes Reduced openings for work Adapted from James et al. SCN Millennium Rep. Nourishment & Nutrition Bulletin, 2000, 21, 3S. Lacking obstetric consideration

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The expanding danger of grown-up coronary illness if grown-ups in youth ( 7-13 yrs) had unassuming weight builds Copenhagen school youngsters\' investigation of 276,835 kids measured from 1955 - 1960 with National Death and Hospital Discharge Registries. Peril identifies with one BMI Z score: straightly identified with occasions at all ages however risk proportion continuously increments with age amid adolescence. Pastry specialist, Olsen & Sorensen. NEJM 2007, 357: 2329-32

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The keys to accomplishment in the sustenance business and in stoutness and endless illness aversion Price Availability Marketing

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Fundamental changes in physical action: inescapable and discretionary changes Inevitable: Rural to urban move Labor changes; Mechanization/computerisation of standard work; likewise home obligations e.g. cooking, washing, cleaning Optional: Urban building approaches: high force or US style sprawl? Street and group plan Office & general store area arrangements Car approaches versus inclination for cyclists/people on foot Policies on free spaces for kids\' play; lighting for security e.g. for more seasoned individuals Park/recreation/sports offices/school PA lessons Ease of transport of perishable sustenances into towns/urban areas

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Obesity: time sitting in front of the TV overpowers relaxation action in Australia 28 Leisure time sport & movement Increasing TV time 27 26 Average BMI for every gathering TV time 25 24 23 22 21 High Moderate Inactive Low Total day by day physical action Adapted from Salmon, Bauman et al IJO 2000; 24:600-606

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Individual obligation Complementary ways to deal with heftiness & endless malady counteractive action e.g. Concentrate on Health Education; crusades specifically help upper financial gatherings Changes to the "toxic" environment Progressively adjust all towns/urban areas to support person on foot/cycling as standard with auto limitations Nutritional measures for nourishment in all administration offices/schools; dispose of trans fats; providing food on Finnish scale: natural product + veg. inside of dinner expenses Limit/abrogate all advertising to kids Selectively build expenses of high fat/sugary items; soda pops Social/vocation/medicinal arrangements for bosom encouraging as the standard Adapted from Puska P, 2001

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Prevalence of stoutness in schoolchildren in Singapore weight (kg) for stature (m) >120% % 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 New development diagrams utilized subsequent to 1994. Source: Ministry of Health, Singapore Dramatic reaction to serious spotlight on stout youngsters\' eating routine and physical action

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Marketing to Children

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Manipulating kids\' conduct: proof from the UK government\'s deliberate examination Food industry advancements: Can befuddle nutritious learning, e.g. whether organic product is in item Change nourishment inclinations Change acquiring conduct Influence decision and utilization by brand Alter parity of sustenance classes eaten Hastings Report, UK Food Standards Agency, 25th September, 2003.

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The most savvy group (not national) mediations in Australia Intervention Cost in Australian $ for each DALY spared Restrict TV advertising 4 Soft drink intercession at school 3,000 Walking transports to school 770,000 Cycling (travel SMART schools) 260,000 After-school group programmes. 90,000 Doctors focusing on the overweight children 32,000 School different mediations, however no physical education 14,000 Add Physical Education 7,000 School instruction to lessen TV viewing 3,000 Family-based system for stout child 4,000 School project focusing on overweight & corpulent children 3,000 Medical treatment with medications, e.g. Orlistat 14,000 Victoria State Analyses: Sept 2006

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Strategies for battling adolescence corpulence Protecting kids at any rate up to 12 yrs: Breast sustaining Proper weaning practices Regulated kid minders: sustenance and play Legislate on all types of advertising: TV, radio, instant messages, web, nourishment item marking, diversions and so forth. School environment : significant changes required Supermarket works on Pricing arrangements : influence school matured kids Policies on thickness of accessible quick nourishments outlets around the local area focuses

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Health experts 10 Advocacy organizations. Folks Ministry of Health Teachers Children Scientists 5 Church Ministry of Education Food investigators Parliament Treasury Farmers Ministry of Trade 0 President Retailers Ministries of Transport & Agriculture Media - 5 INTEREST Advertising industry Food/drink industry - 10 0 5 10 INFLUENCE The premium and impacts of distinctive partners Lobstein T : Analyses taking into account UK Food Commission\'s experience and new EU arrangement work.

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Five Practical Priorities Major commute to expand/support bosom bolstering : offices at work essential; maternal leave + social change Marketing confinements (not simply TV promoting) - statutory for kids & youths: privileges of tyke stretch out to 18 yrs Control of sustenance in nurseries, all school offices and school environment: maintain a strategic distance from decision - all nourishments of high healthful quality + offices to permit unconstrained play - not TV Fruit and vegetable accessibility routine in bottles and eateries (inside of fundamental expense) Transformation of physical offices for unconstrained & relaxation time action : urban outline changes with novel activity arrangements; walker just regions quickly neighboring houses/lofts

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