Lab 02:.


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Lab 02: Windows Working Framework Destinations Build up a decent comprehension of The part of a working framework in a PC framework Administrations gave by a working framework and have a few hands on involvement in Comprehension windows desktop client interface
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Lab 02: Windows Operating System

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Objectives Develop a decent comprehension of The part of a working framework in a PC framework Services gave by a working framework and have a few hands on involvement in Understanding windows desktop client interface Configuring the Windows working framework utilizing control board Managing equipment, programming, and clients Managing envelopes and records Windows Operating System

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What is an Operating System? A working framework is a framework programming that Controls the system’s equipment Interacts with the (client interface) Interacts with application programming Operating System is among the first programming that begins executing when we turn the PC ON. Windows Operating System

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Operating Systems (Cont.) DOS (Disk Operating System) is one of the first working frameworks for the PCs. DOS utilized summon line interface Modern working frameworks like WINDOWS XP/VISTA and MAC OS use Graphical User Interface (GUI) GUI of an Operating framework as it shows up on the screen is additionally called “desktop” Windows Operating System

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Operating Systems (Cont.) A working framework performs the accompanying capacities Provides directions to show the on-screen components with which clients communicate Loads application programs into the PC memory so clients can utilize them Coordinates association of projects with CPU, RAM, console, mouse, screen, printer, stockpiling, other equipment and programming Manages the way data is put away on and recovered from plates Provides a fundamental level of security through client ID and secret word … Windows Operating System

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Operating Systems (Cont.) WINDOWS XP working framework Windows desktop (Next slide) Windows Operating System

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Windows Desktop User Interface Windows Operating System

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Windows Desktop User Interface (Cont.) Various components of desktop Start catch - gives access to projects, records, framework settings, and assist Quick with propelling toolbar - gives a single tick access to much of the time utilized projects Icons and alternate routes - double tap on a symbol or easy route offers access to the item it speaks to Recycle Bin The desktop gives a work range where projects and documents show up in Windows Operating System

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Windows Desktop User Interface (Cont.) Recycle Bin The Recycle receptacle is a spot where you put rubbish. When you erase a record from you\'re PC, it is sent to the Recycle receptacle. It stays in the Recycle receptacle until you purge the reuse canister or until the Recycle container turns out to be full. The records you erase from the removable drives are not sent to the Recycle container. We will see more in exercise… Windows Operating System

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Windows desktop client interface (Cont.) Managing your Taskbar The taskbar contains the begin menu. It contains a notice territory. Any windows or applications that are open or minimized are likewise appear in the taskbar. The begin menu in the taskbar is the entryway to most windows parts and applications Demo on dealing with the assignment bar. Windows Operating System

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Windows desktop client interface (Cont.) Using Start menu Windows Operating System

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Windows desktop client interface (Cont.) Using Start menu Log off Windows XP is a multi-client working framework. It permits more than one client to utilize the same PC. In Windows XP ,every one of the settings and archives of a client are tied with the client. Picking Log Off from the Start catch results in a Log Off Window with two alternatives Switch User Log Off Choosing Log Off choice empowers the client to log off the PC without restarting Choosing Switch User choice lets another log on while the present clients program and documents stay open Windows Operating System

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Windows desktop client interface (Cont.) Using Start menu Restarting or Turning off the Computer keeping in mind the end goal to shutdown or restart you\'re PC, click the Start menu and after that snap Turn Off Computer. A dialog box shows up with three choices. Stand By This setting spares all your present desktop settings to your hard circle and afterward shuts down the PC. When you begin the PC again you come back to the same applications and documents you were dealing with Turn Off This choice close down the Windows XP securely Restart This alternative close down the PC securely and restarts the PC quickly. Windows Operating System

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Windows desktop client interface (Cont.) Other parts of the Start Menu All Programs Quick access to records, as of late utilized archives, framework settings, Internet, printers, and assist Control With panelling Control Panel is a gathering of apparatuses for altering Windows framework settings so clients can work proficiently Windows Operating System

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Manage you Computer with Control Panel The Control Panel gives different devices that permit you to decide how different segments of Windows XP look and act. In the event that you snap Start and after that snap Control Panel you will get the control board window Windows Operating System

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Control board You can see the control board in two ways Category view Windows Operating System

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Control board Classic perspective Windows Operating System

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Control board In the Category view you get just the most widely recognized instruments. In the event that you need to view all the control board instruments you need to change to the Classic perspective. Windows Operating System

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Date and Time The date and time symbol in the control board permits you to set your working system’s clock. When you double tap the symbol you see a basic window interface You can change the date by basically utilizing the drop menu. You can change the time by utilizing the parchment catches. You can set the time zone you are in through the time zone tab. The web time alternative permits you to synchronize your PC with a web time server to verify that your PC dependably has the precise time Windows Operating System

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More Control board devices Common Control Panel apparatuses Accessibility choice Display Folder choices Fonts Keyboard Mouse Sounds and Audio gadgets. Local and dialect alternatives. Client Accounts. Windows Operating System

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Managing Folders and Files File is a gathering of information that has a name and is put away on PC stockpiling (plate, tape, CD, DVD, or USB) Two classes of documents Executable records An executable document is a program that advises PC how to perform particular assignment Data records An information record contains words, numbers, pictures, or voice that can be controlled Windows Operating System

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Managing organizers and documents (Cont..) File name Each document on a PC must be given an one of a kind name In Windows, a document name can contain upwards of 255 characters File expansion A record augmentation is an arrangement of characters added to a record name to show the record\'s sort, e.g. .doc, .ppt, .pdf Folder An organizer (likewise called “directory”) is a gathering of records for simple recovery. Every envelope has a remarkable name An organizer can contain different envelopes, called “subfolders” Path - a gadget letter, envelope name, record name, and expansion, for instance c:\Documents\Lab02.ppt Windows Operating System

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Managing envelopes and documents (Cont..) Typical operations on records and organizers incorporate Create, Delete, and Rename documents and envelopes Folder sharing Folder pressure Copying a document or an envelope Restoring records or envelopes Backup critical documents Reorganizing records in envelopes Associating records with applications Windows Operating System

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Managing envelopes and records (Cont..) Create, Delete, and Rename organizers To make envelope: Open the organizer that you need to make another organizer in, for example, ‘My Document’ or just ‘C drive’. Click the File menu, point to New and afterward click Folder. Another envelope shows up. Press the BACKSPACE key and sort the wanted name for the organizer. To erase an organizer: You can erase an envelope by right-tapping the organizer name or symbol and clicking erase. Windows Operating System

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Managing envelopes and documents (Cont..) To rename an organizer: Right tap on the organizer or record name or symbol and snap Rename. At that point press the BACKSPACE key and sort the coveted name. Windows Operating System

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Managing envelopes and records (Cont..) Using Folder Menus The windows XP organizers contains the accompanying menus. Document Edit View Favorites Tools Help Now give us a chance to have an above\'s show menus. Windows Operating System

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Organizing Files and Folders Guidelines Use expressive names for records and envelopes The first level under a gadget ought to contain just envelopes not documents. At whatever point conceivable, store your documents in your own organizers Create sub envelopes of your own envelope to gathering records sensibly Try not to store your information records in the same organizers that contain program/programming. Erase unneeded documents and organizers. Windows Operating System

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Managing organizers and records (Cont..) Folder sharing Windows XP contains organizing abilities. It permits clients to impart an envelope to different clients on the system. Note: You can share organizers yet can\'t share individual documents You can share any envelope by simply right-tapping the envelope, clicking properties and after that tapping the sharing tab. Select Share this organizer on the system check box. In the event that you need different clients to change the documents in the mutual envelope then check box “Allow system clients to change my files”. Windows Operating System

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Managing envelopes and documents (Cont..) Folder pressure To pack a record or organizer on a NTFS drive Open My Computer. Double tap a drive or organizer. Right-tap the record or organizer you need to pack, and afterward click Properties . On the General tab, snap Advanced . Select the Compress substance to spare plate space check box, and afterward click OK

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