Latin America.


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Latin America .
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Latin America Lecture Notes By Dr. Fernando A. Rodriguez

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Latin America "Latin" America comprises of two sections: Middle America which incorporates Mexico, focal America, and the greater part of the islands of the Caribbean ocean. South America which incorporates twelve free nations and one province.

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Defining the Realm Although center America is a piece of Latin America, this area of the world has a place with the north American landmass. Physiographically, north America ends at the waterway bowl in Columbia, south America.

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Population of Middle America for 1997 Mexico – 96 million. Focal America – 32 million. Caribbean America – 36 million. Accordingly, the aggregate populace for this domain is around 164 million.

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Urbanization and Natural Increase Over 70% of the populace is as of now urbanized. In the mid-1990s, the rate of regular increment for Mexico and Central America was 2.3% with a capability of multiplying like clockwork. For the Caribbean islands, the rate was 1.4% like clockwork.

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Racial/Ethnic Composition Indians – they live in the good countries of Mexico and focal America. Mestizos – people with Indian and Spanish parentage. They live in the good countries of Mexico and focal America. Europeans – they are people of Spanish, French, or English family line. The Spaniards live in the good countries where they found the Indians and where the atmosphere is calm as in Europe. The English and French live in the Caribbean islands while the English additionally live in Belize.

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Racial/Ethnic Composition Blacks – they live in the Caribbean islands and seaside edge of Central America or from Belize to Panama. Mulattos – these are people of high contrast heritage. They live in the Caribbean Islands. Zambos – they are people who live for the most part in the Caribbean Islands and are an aftereffect of a union of Indians who lived in the mountains of Jamaica and Hispanola and dark slaves who got away from the island estates.

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The Physiography of Middle America The physiography of center America is very partitioned and divided. Its channel formed territory comprise of a 3800 mile association between the north and south American domains, and it river to a 40-mile lace of area in panama. Center America is accordingly an isthmian connection or an area span.

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Physiography of Middle America Baja California comprises of a 800 mile landmass which commanded by volcanic nosy rocks with magma tops. The San Bernardino Mountains stretch out into Baja at the same time, here, they are known as the Juarez Mountains.

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Physiography of Middle America Draw Diagram of Baja California. This chart demonstrates the Colorado Delta which is 150 miles in length, yet it has "mud volcanoes", bogs, and territories inclined to flooding. Aside from the universal outskirt, the landmass is scantily settled. The general population live from tourism, angling, and nearby mining of iron, lead, and zinc.

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Physiography of Middle America Coastal Fringe of Western Mexico This territory is successfully cut off from the inside of focal Mexico by the Sierra Madre Occidental. The region is generally thin, and it has finger-like augmentations of the mountains to shape valleys where waterways lay. This zone is used for horticulture and ranchers develop rice, sugar stick, wheat, oats, tobacco, cotton, and they raise cows and pigs for business sector.

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Physiography of Middle America Sierra Madre Occidental This mountain range stretches out from the U.S. outskirt to around the 19 th Parallel. It is roughly 8-10,000 feet in height. This mountain range contains profound valleys or ravines called barrancas . One of these barrancas is known as La Barranca de Cobre. It matches the Grand Canyon in magnificence and quality. Mining is critical along this reach. Gold is mined in the City of Las Coloradas while silver is mined in the City of Batopilas.

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Physiography of Middle America Altiplano of Mexico The level of Mexico is partitioned into two sections: Mesa del Norte, and Mesa del Sur. (Draw Diagram of this district.) Both segments contain a progression of between mountain bowls called bolsones . These bolsones change in height from 3,000 to 7, 500 feet.

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Physiography of Middle America Sierra Madre Oriental These mountains are thought to be a continuation of the Rocky Mountains. The height is around 8-10,000 feet. These mountains don\'t contain barrancas yet they do have profound valleys, with goads that lead into the eastern waterfront plain.

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Physiography of Middle America The Gulf Coastal Plain of Eastern Mexico This area starts north of Laredo and reaches out to a thin point north of Vera Cruz and, then, broadens into the beach front plain of the Yucatan Peninsula. South from Texas, the beach front plain increments in precipitation and vegetation, prompting the downpour backwoods of southern Mexico. The territory south of Matamores contains a Cfa atmosphere, and in the Tampico zone it offers route to an Aw atmosphere. Here, extensive farms for swelling cows multiply.

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Physiography of Middle America The Volcanic Axis of Mexico This is a range of awesome statures and roughness. The volcanoes are more than 15,000 feet in height. These volcanoes may a critical part in the religion, craftsmanship, and society of the Indian societies who possess Central Mexico. Draw Diagram of this area.

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Physiography of Middle America The Balsas Depression This sadness is discovered south of the Volcanic Axis of Mexico. It is 180 miles in length and 30 miles wide. It is sufficiently profound so that when one achieves its last, one achieves tropical conditions. This trough is sufficiently profound for a lake to have existed preceding catch of the lake by the waterway. This range has been dug for gold since pre-Columbus time. It is the wellspring of gold which was used by the Indians for elaborate purposes and the Spaniards for lawful delicate.

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Physiography of Middle America Sierra Madre del Sur This mountain range starts in the State of Jalisco and augments southward along the bank of southwestern Mexico. This reach is high and tough, as high as the Sierra Madre Occidental. This extent comprises of pre-Cambrian and transformative rocks. This reach contains goads that stretch out to the ocean, and these goads on occasion result in seaside spaces, for example, Acapulco.

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Physiography of Middle America The Oaxcan Highlands On the eastern side of the Sierra Madre del Sur, we discover the Sierra de Oaxaca. The territory between the two territories we locate an old Eros ional surface which has achieved development. The range is known as the Highlands on the grounds that the slants of both mountains are steep, and it is because of this slant the mountains are alluded to as "The Highlands."

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Physiography of Middle America The Chiapas Highlands On the south side of the Oaxaca Highlands, we locate a precarious slope, and it is this ledge that cuts the Highlands from the marshes at the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. On the south side of this swamp territory, we discover the Chiapas Highlands. This region comprises of two mountain ranges which are isolated by the Valley of Chiapas. The mountains, north of the Valley, are known as the Sierra de San Cristobal while the mountains toward the south are known as the Sierra de Chiapas. The previous mountains are made of molten rock while the last mountains are made of sedimentary rock.

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Physiography of Middle America: Caribbean Islands Sierra de San Cristobal  Sierra de Cuchumantes Sierra de Santa Cruz  Cayman Islands  Maestra Mts of SE Cuba Cordillera Central of Hispanola  Cordillera Central of Puerto Rico. Sierra de Chiapas  Sierra de las Minas  Islas de la Bahia  Swan Islands  Blue Mts of Jamaica  Peninsula of Hispanola

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Physiography of Middle America: The Central American Volcanic Axis The volcanic pivot of Central America is an aftereffect of the Caribbean Plate superseding the Cosco Plate. The volcanoes are found on the western shoreline of Central America. These volcanoes in the long run shut the Nicaraguan Trough which is a vegetation obstruction.

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Legacy of Mesoamerica Middle America was the scene of the development of a noteworthy, antiquated human advancement. Here, lay one of the world\'s actual society hearth , a source territory from which new thoughts transmit and whose populace added to material and scholarly advance. This society hearth is called Mesoamerica and stretches out from Mexico City to Nicaragua.

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Lowland Maya The Maya human advancement in the one and only on the world society outline emerged in the marsh tropics. It encountered progressive times of grandness and decay, and it achieved its peak between the third and tenth hundreds of years A.D. This human progress was ruled by religious pioneers, and it delivered gifted craftsmen, essayists, mathematicians, and stargazers.

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The Highland Aztecs This human advancement started in the fourteenth century with the establishing of a settlement on an island in the numerous lakes inside the valley of Mexico. This city was known as Tenochtitlan which turned into the best city in the Americas, in particular, Mexico city.

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The Highland Aztecs Aztec urban communities got to be focuses of business and exchange however it was the Aztec ranchers, including other Mesoamerican agriculturists, who created the best achievements of the Aztecs, to be specific, plant and creature training.

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Domestication of Plants and Animals in Middle America According to Carl Sauer, plant and creature taming in the new world happened in two unmistakable zones: The northwest corner of Columbia in south America, and Central Mexico and focal America, also called Mesoamerica.

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Domestication of Plants and Animals in Middle America The Arawak and the Carib Indians built up a root horticulture which is known as the c unuco cultivating framework , a cultivating framework that is

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