Latin America 1830-1920.

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Financial Resurgence and Liberal Politics. Last quarter of the century there was a quick ... A conviction that the US was bound to run Continent from coast to ...
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Latin America 1830-1920 By: Bill Rice

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From Colonies to Nations

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Causes of Political Change Latin America pushed for autonomy as a result of four noteworthy worldwide occasions American Revolution French Revolution Divisions of whites and free ethnic minorities over control of St. Domingue (Haiti), France\'s sugar province. Latin American nations put on a show to stay faithful to Spanish King setting up their own particular administration as an aftereffect of France\'s control of the Iberian Peninsula.

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Spanish American Independence Three zones of operation required in battle. 1. Mexico (Included Central America) 2. South America 3. Caribbean

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Mexico 1824 Mexico turned into a republic 1838 Central American nations picked up autonomy after a brief endeavor to combine as one country, Gran Colombia

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South America Argentina and Venezuela were the first to wind up republics Peru was last to break with Spain 1825 All South American nations had picked up their political freedom

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Caribbean Cuba and Puerto Rico stay faithful to Spain, dreadful of slave defiance like they had found in Haiti until the end of 19 th century Other nations picked up autonomy utilizing American and French insurgencies and South American Independence as cases

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Brazilian Independence In the late 18 th century Brazils economy and populace blasted. European interest developed. Increment in slave imports Lower class individuals needed less expenses and open exchange

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New Nations Confront Old and New Problems Social disparities Political representation The part of the congregation Regionalism These issues prompted political fracture

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Social Inequalities Even with a conclusion to bondage, issues of uniformity, race, opportunities still existed

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Political Representation Women and numerous ethnic minorities where disappointed from voting, property possession and training

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The Role of the Church Shift from chapel having real part in instruction, economy, and legislative issues to loss of impact on the general population

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Latin American Economies and World Markets,1820-1870 The Monroe Doctrine of 1823 – expressed that any endeavor by an European influence to colonize would be viewed as a hostile demonstration by the US

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Mid Century Stagnation After the wars of freedom, Latin American economy was stagnant Wars demolished enterprises Roads were poor Money was tied up in area Only Cuba extended with the sugar economy-Cuba was still a province of Spain

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Economic Resurgence and Liberal Politics Last quarter of the century there was a quick development because of second modern unrest. New requests for copper, elastic, wheat, sugar , and espresso Population of L.A. multiplied to 43 million somewhere around 1820 and 1880

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Mexico: Instability and Foreign Intervention Mexico picked up freedom, yet the Constitution did not address social issues Bad dispersion of area Status of Native Americans Problems in instruction Overwhelming number of poor

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Mexican Reforms Mexico was compelled to confront the countries inward issues Benito Juarez (a Zapotec Indian) got to be legislative head of his state La Reforma a liberal rebellion, achieved another constitution in 1857, restricting church and military control. The outcome was by 1910 ½ of rustic populace was landless Civil war emitted

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Manifest Destiny A conviction that the US was bound to administer Continent across the nation US voted to attach Texas The outcome was the Mexican American War The US obtained ½ of Mexico\'s domain

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Argentina + Brazil was last to cancel servitude in 1888 Europeans emigrated to South America due to the enhancing economies

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Societies in Search of Themselves Social change was moderate for American Indians, Blacks, and Women Elites were impacted by styles and tastes of Europe in garments, workmanship, and engineering

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Old Patters of Gender, Class, and Race Education for ladies expanded Public training expanded Indigenous individuals proceeded in labor and to be poor

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The Great Boom, 1880-1920 Large monetary development as a result of appeal by mechanical Europe and US for crude materials sustenance and tropical yields, for example, espresso Also bananas, elastic, copper, silver, fleece, wheat, and meat were sought after as fares

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Spanish American War focused on Cuba and Puerto Rico (Spain\'s last provinces in the Americas) Panama Canal opened in 1914 supported by the US Puerto Rico and the Philippines got to be US regions

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