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Reducing Backyard Burning of Household Waste. Learn Not to Burn. What is Backyard Burning?. Backyard burning (BYB) is the uncontrolled combustion of household waste in barrels, open pits, wood stoves, or fireplaces.
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Decreasing Backyard Burning of Household Waste Learn Not to Burn

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What is Backyard Burning? Patio smoldering (BYB) is the uncontrolled burning of family unit squander in barrels, open pits, wood stoves, or chimneys. (otherwise called smolder barrels, open blazing, or family unit waste smoldering)

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Why are we Concerned? Some think about this as an issue of the past. In any case, as a general rule, this is regularly a typical practice in less urban regions of the U.S.

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Why are we Concerned? Lawn smoldering causes inadvertent flames. Terrace blazing discharges harmful chemicals into environment that can bring about unfavorable wellbeing impacts. Lawn smoldering is illicit in numerous spots.

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2003 Trash Fires in Illinois Source: Illinois State Fire Marshal, 2004

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Release of Toxic Chemicals Direct Exposure (e.g. inward breath) Particulate Matter Sulfur Dioxide Carbon Monoxide PAHs Metals Hexacholorobenzene Dioxin Indirect Exposure (e.g. bioaccumulation)

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Eye and lung aggravation Asthma trigger Emphysema Other respiratory infections Reproduction and advancement impacts Endocrine Disruption Immunosuppression Cancer Indirect Exposure Health Effects Direct Exposure Health Effects

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What are Dioxin-like Chemicals? A gathering of chlorinated natural mixes including dioxins, furans, and some PCBs. Delivered when most materials are singed. Happen from fragmented burning of powers or waste, some compound assembling, and high temperature metrological procedures. Incorporates some characteristic sources (e.g. woodland fires).

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Dioxin-like Chemicals Dioxins are a gathering of chemicals that are "powerful creature toxicants" and "likely human cancer-causing agents." There are 30 diverse Dioxin-like mixes. 2,3,7,8 TCDD is the most contemplated of the compound class. USHHS and IARC arrange 2,3,7,8 TCDD as a human cancer-causing agent.

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Why are Dioxins a Problem? Endure in the earth. Appeared to be exceptionally lethal in creature and human studies – even at to a great degree low levels. Affect generation & improvement, stifle the invulnerable framework, and can bring about tumor. Bioaccumulative and stay in the body for a drawn out stretch of time. Vital course of presentation is by means of sustenance admission.

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Soil ingestion Vegetable fat Soil dermal contact Other meats Poultry Freshwater fish and shellfish 6% Pork 5% 19% Marine fish and shellfish Beef 7% 14% 1% Inhalation 4% 16% Eggs 21% Milk Dairy Adult Average Daily Intake of CDDs/CDFs/Dioxin-like PCBs 2000 Draft Estimate: ~ 65 pg TEQ DFP - WHO 98/day

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Evolving Dioxin Science The Good News: The normal bioaccumulation level in people has dropped from 55 ppt (in the 1980\'s) to 25 ppt (1990\'s) The Bad News: The level at which wellbeing impacts are perceivable in creatures and people is lower than beforehand evaluated. Subsequently, current exposures remain a worry. The Bottom Line: We have to find a way to encourage decrease dioxin presentation.

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Top U.S. Stocked Dioxin Releases Source: An Inventory of Sources and Environmental Releases of Dioxin-Like Compounds in the United States for the Years 1987, 1995, and 2000, November 2006.

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U.S. Stocked Dioxin Releases in 2000 Source: An Inventory of Sources and Environmental Releases of Dioxin-Like Compounds in the United States for the Years 1987, 1995, and 2000, November 2006.

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The BYB concern is about discharges, as well as introduction... Most BYB happens in provincial territories where outflows can promptly add to defilement of creature encourage and brushing lands .

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Why is Backyard Burning a Priority? BYB is the biggest outstanding measured wellspring of dioxin discharges. BYB utilized by an expected 20 million Americans. Vicinity to creature sustain and nourishment trim generation expands concern. Lessening BYB likewise diminishes other dangerous discharges including metals, PAHs, and particulate matter. Lessening BYB will diminish unintentional flames.

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The GLRC is an Executive Order issued in May 2004 Priority setting exercise among Great Lakes partners Reducing family unit junk smoldering was one of the primary needs started. The Learn Not to Burn Toolkit is a result of the GLRC.

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Three Tiered Approach: Education, Infrastructure, and Compliance Educate government authorities and the overall population on the worries of BYB. Give data on framework and contrasting options to BYB in country ranges. Reinforce state, tribal, and neighborhood laws on BYB. Bolster more prominent consistence with existing directions.

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What Can the Public Do? Share the message Identify other waste transfer strategies in your group Reduce (keep away from expendable things) Reuse (more utilize means less waste) Recycle (paper, plastics, metallic things) Compost (leaves, yard squander, vegetable squanders) Identify nearby landfills which acknowledge squander

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What Can Local Officials Do? Discover a possibility for your group inside our contextual investigations Use the EPA toolbox for support and thoughts Contact EPA or your state office for help Spread the word – ensure your constituents realize that copying junk is unsafe.

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What\'s Inside the Toolkit ? Prologue to the issue Powerpoint presentation Case investigations of fruitful national, provincial, and neighborhood blaze barrel programs Current junk smoldering laws in the Great Lakes Region Example mandates on lessening rubbish smoldering Available handouts and effort materials The Western Lake Superior Sanitary District Toolkit Information on framework and waste exchange stations Links to Additional Resources

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Hubbard County Minnesota In 1994, the County banned open junk blazing The boycott has been gotten decidedly by natives The County gave two waste exchange stations and 14 reusing sheds in the region The offices are paid for by an exceptional expense evaluation Trash blazing has been for all intents and purposes disposed of Success is expected, to some degree, to the way that inhabitants are not charged a tip expense at waste exchange stations and reusing focuses, furthermore in light of the fact that the region declined to acknowledge fiery remains from smolder barrels.

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St. Regis Mohawk Tribe New York From 1995-99, the Tribe built up a strong waste administration arrange, arranged a waste exchange office, and started an effort crusade on blaze barrels. In 2002, banned smolder barrels aside from with an allow and started waste get benefit for $2.00 per pack. Exchange station was worked with financing from USHUD, USEPA, USDA, and IHS. Consistence with boycott has been high, especially since inhabitants have gotten to be instructed on the point.

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Air Defenders Interactive program for 5 th grade understudies and up Includes address, science tests, video, tunes, computer game and more Provides foundation data for grown-ups or guardians Helps understudies see how singular conduct effects everybody\'s surroundings

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Acknowledgments Members of the Burn Barrel Subgroup of the Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy, specifically our State Agency accomplices and Gina Temple-Rhodes of the Western Lake Superior Sanitary District Erin Newman, Air and Radiation Division, U.S. EPA Region 5 Jessica Winter, Environmental Careers Organization Intern, U.S. EPA Susan Boehme, Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant Elizabeth Hinchey Malloy, Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant Christine McConaghy, Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Intern, U.S. EPA Ted Smith, U.S. EPA Great Lakes National Program Office

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Where Can You Get More Information? Data on the national program, connections to nearby projects, and different assets might be found on line at: www.openburning.org www.epa.gov/msw/lawn

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Get a Toolkit and Reduce Burning in Your Area! For a duplicate of the Learn Not to Burn Toolkit on CD, please contact Erin Newman at newman.erin@epa.gov or visit our corner at the gathering this week.

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