Lessening Overrepresentation in Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Systems Brad Richardson; Ph.D., Julia Rembert, MSW; DMC Resource Center University of Iowa School of Social Work, Nat\'l Resource Ctr. for Family Centered Practice Iowa City, IA Pat Penning, LMSW and Terri DeVos Iowa Department of Human Services – Woodbury County Sioux City, IASlide 2
The National Resource Center for Family Centered Practice Established in 1977 as a national counseling division of the University of Iowa School of Social Work Research, Evaluation, Technical Assistance, Training & Organizational Development NRC has some expertise in research-upheld, quality based socially skilled family focused practice; "Dr. Results" Family Development Specialist Certification ProgramSlide 3
National Resource Center for Family Centered Practice About NRCFCP | Training | Research/Evaluation | Tech.Assistance | Pubs Fam.Dev.Spec.Cert | Cult.Comp. | DMC Resource Center | Latino Institute | Website: www.uiowa.edu/~nrcfcp "Ask Dr. Results"Slide 4
DMC Resource Center Education & Information Technical Assistance Research and Evaluation Annual Conference Minority Youth and Families Initiative (MYFI)Slide 5
SAG Creates DMC Committee and DMC Resource CenterSlide 6
Jumping the Gap Research and books Training Meetings Pilot ventures Test conventions Families getting what they require, when they require it Flexible access to group assets Systems Change Fear Defensiveness Hidden suspicions Formal structures Tyranny of propensity Adapted from John Franz, Sr. Adolescent Justice Advisor, Nat\'l Resource NetworkSlide 7
 Population information from Iowa\'s KIDS COUNT, Annie E. Casey Foundation.  Detention information from Iowa DHR, CJJP.Slide 8
DMC & MYFI Intensive TA SitesSlide 9
DMCRC Technical Assistance Sites Lyon Emmet Osceola Dickin-child Howard Kossuth Mitchell Worth Winnebago Winneshiek Allamakee Clay Palo Alto Hancock Sioux O\'Brien Cerro Gordo Floyd Chickasaw Clayton Fayette Plymouth Cherokee Humboldt Wright Franklin Butler Bremer Pocahontas Buena Vista Webster Woodbury Black Hawk Buchanan Delaware Dubuque Ida Sac Calhoun Grundy Hardin Hamilton Jones Benton Jackson Tama Linn Monona Crawford Greene Marshall Carroll Boone Story Clinton Cedar Audubon Johnson Iowa Shelby Dallas Guthrie Jasper Harrison Polk Poweshiek Scott Muscatine Adair Keokuk Madison Marion Cass Mahaska Pottawattamie Warren Washington Louisa Lucas Monroe Clarke Wapello Mills Union Montgomery Adams Henry Jefferson Des Moines Fremont Page Van Buren Taylor Wayne Ringgold Davis Decatur Appa-noose Lee National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 10
DMC in Iowa (2003) National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 11
DMC in Iowa (2005) National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 12
National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 13
Iowa Relative Rate Indices National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 14
National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 15
" We quit taking a gander at what wasn\'t right with the children and attempting to alter them. Rather, we took a gander at ourselves and attempted to alter the framework. The outcome was a superior utilization of assets, better conduct by the children and decreases in racial and ethnic inconsistencies." Scott MacDonald, Director of Juvenile Probation, Santa Cruz, CA from No Turning Back, 2005 National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 16
Focus on a choice point Focus on Reducing Racial Disparities Employ Risk Assessment Instrument Create Placement Alternatives Gain Judicial Support Enlist a Community Champion Gain Community Engagement and Involvement Use Outcome Indicators National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 17
Resource Materials to Consider … Resources & Publications: Providing Effective DMC Technical Assistance: A Strength-Based Community Practice Approach A Strength-Based Culturally Competent Approach to Reducing D.M.C. www.uiowa.edu/~nrcfcp National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 18
Strategies for Reducing Disparities in the Juvenile Justice System Ashley Nellis (2005). Seven Steps to Reducing DMC , 2005. Step One: Define the Problem Step Two: Implement Evidence-Based Programming Step Three: Develop Program Logic Step Four: Identify Measures Step Five: Collect and Analyze Data Step Six: Report Findings Step Seven: Reassess Program Logic National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 19
… Publications on Reducing DMC Guidebook for Integration and Coordination of Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Systems (Wiig & Tuell 2005). Youngster WELFARE LEAGUE OF AMERICA Disproportionate Minority Contact in the Juvenile Justice System CHILD WELFARE LEAGUE OF AMERICA National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 20
… Publications on Reducing DMC No Turning Back : Promising Approaches to Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities Affecting Youth of Color in the Justice System ; A Project of the Building Blocks for Youth Initiative, October 2005 Seven Steps to Develop and Evaluate Strategies to Reduce Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) Juvenile Justice Evaluation Center Guidebook Series Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Juvenile Justice Evaluation Center Justice Research and Statistics Association National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 21
All levels must pay consideration on program limitSlide 22
Motivation… or who ought to mind? Idea from Cornel West, 2000Slide 23
Community Collaborative Efforts to Reduce Disproportionality in Child Welfare: The Experience in Woodbury County Julia Rembert, MSW University of Iowa School of Social Work and Minority Youth and Families Initiative, DMC Resource Center Pat Penning, LMSW & Terri DeVos Iowa Department of Human Services, Woodbury County Sioux City, IA National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 24
National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 25
Cherokee 4 Crow Creek 2 Macy 8 Mille Lacs 2 Oglala Sioux 5 Omaha 20 Ponca 7 Rosebud Sioux 8 Santee 25 Sisseton 3 Turtle Mt/Chippewa 1 Yankton Sioux 2 Northern Cheyenne 3 Winnebago 22 Tanana Chief/Alaska 2 Tribal Affilations: December 2005 National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 26
Woodbury County (Sioux City) Iowa Native Americans make up 0.4% of the populace Native American kids make up 2.2% of the child care populace History of group activism highlighting requirement for framework change. Recuperate Our Children Community Initiative for Native Families and Children (CINCF) -Passage of Iowa ICWA - 2005 National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 27
Planning based on associations with the Community Initiative for Native Children and Families Targeted intercessions that would be: Visible Effective Could proceed without extra subsidizes (incorporated into practice, frameworks change) Planning Considerations National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 28
Planning Process National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 29
Underlying Issues Communication crevice between NA people group and DHS/courts Lack of trust amongst families and framework Relationship issues amongst DHS and Native people group Trust – absence of trust in tribes/framework Anger Broken Trust by Stanley Wanlass National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 30
2004-2005 Problem Statement Native American youngsters (0-18), as self-recognized, are overrepresented inside Woodbury County\'s child care framework, bringing about lost: Culture Self-mindfulness Identity, and Tribal and family connections This is going on account of: Shortage of Native cultivate homes for kids in emergency, and approaches that present obstructions to relative situation. Absence of socially able suppliers in the group. Realistic from the Nawash Native kid welfare program for the Neyaashiinigmiing Community National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 31
Increases in: Relative positions, regardless of the possibility that Termination of Parental Rights has happened, Reunification with guardians, Increase of Native American cultivate homes Decreases in: Termination of Parental Rights Reabuse/disregard rates Entry into the child care framework Abuse/disregard rates general Number of arrangements for Native kids 2004-2005 Goal Statement Native American youngsters are securely brought up in the Native people group as confirm by: National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 32
2004-2005 Areas of Primary Focus Culturally equipped administrations being given, Increased quantities of Native kids set in Native encourage homes, and Increase of Native kids put with relatives. - Photo by National Geographic National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 33
New Ways of Doing Business: The SNAP* Team * S pecialized N ative A merican P roject T eam Native family contact Native tribal contact Supervisor Social laborers CPS specialists Adoptions laborer National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 34
Parameters Within Which SNAP Must Work Number of referrals Cannot control number of worries that are called into IDHS Iowa Child Welfare Redesign Assigns level of hazard and administration arrangement partially on numbers and age(s) of youngsters in the family. Rehash evaluations inside year and a half result in programmed framework association – at a more elevated amount National Resource Center for Family Centered PracticeSlide 35
Parameters Within Which SNAP Must Work Police commanded to expel kids to authorized encourage home. Region Attorneys document Child in Need of Assistance (CINA) and Termination of Parental Rights (TPR) petitio
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