Liberated African Americans in a Southern town soon after the Common War (around 1860s)..


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Remaking, 1865–1877 The President and Congress battle about how to reconstruct the South. Reproduction majorly affects African Americans and Southerners. Liberated African Americans in a Southern town not long after the Common War (around 1860s). NEXT Reproduction, 1865–1877 Segment 1
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Slide 1

Recreation, 1865–1877 The President and Congress battle about how to reconstruct the South. Recreation has a noteworthy effect on African Americans and Southerners. Liberated African Americans in a Southern town soon after the Civil War (around 1860s). NEXT

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Reconstruction, 1865–1877 SECTION 1 Rebuilding the Union SECTION 2 Reconstruction and Daily Life SECTION 3 End of Reconstruction NEXT

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Section 1 Rebuilding the Union During Reconstruction, the president and Congress battle about how to revamp the South. NEXT

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SECTION 1 Rebuilding the Union Reconstruction Begins • Reconstruction —process of readmitting Confederate states into Union • President Lincoln builds up the Freedmen’s Bureau : - sets up schools, doctor\'s facilities for African Americans - distributes garments, nourishment, fuel for African Americans • After Lincoln’s demise, VP Andrew Johnson gets to be president • Insists states endorse thirteenth Amendment, exculpates most white Southerners NEXT

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SECTION 1 Rebuilding Brings Conflict • Southern states set up governments like old ones • Pass laws known as dark codes —limits opportunity of previous slaves • Congress declines to seat delegates from South (1865) • Sets up advisory group to concentrate South, choose about Congress representation • Radical Republicans need government dynamic in revamping South NEXT

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SECTION 1 The Civil Rights Act • Congress passes charge, social equality —rights given to all natives • Civil Rights Act of 1866 announces: - all persons conceived in the U.S. (but Native Americans) are residents - all nationals are qualified for equivalent rights in any case of race • President Johnson vetoes charge • Congress overrides veto, bill gets to be law NEXT

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SECTION 1 The Fourteenth Amendment • Congress proposes the Fourteenth Amendment (1866): - all individuals conceived in U.S. are subjects, have approach rights - states avoiding dark suffrage will lose representation in Congress • President Johnson, most southern states decline to bolster change Continued . . . NEXT

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SECTION 1 Continued The Fourteenth Amendment • Reconstruction Acts of 1867 partitions South into 5 locale Map • Law sets down prerequisites for Southern states to reappear Union: - offer vote to every grown-up me, including African Americans - ratify the Fourteenth Amendment NEXT

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SECTION 1 The New Southern Governments • Southern voters pick representatives to draft new state constitutions (1867) • Most agents are Republicans, poor white farmers— heels • Republican assigns likewise incorporate African Americans and carpetbaggers • Carpetbaggers —Northerners who go toward the South after the war • All Southern states endorse new constitutions, let back in Union • During Reconstruction, numerous African Americans in state, U.S. government NEXT

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SECTION 1 Johnson Is Impeached • President Johnson battles against numerous changes amid Reconstruction • Congress passes Tenure of Office Act (1867): - president can\'t fire government authorities without Senate’s approbation • Johnson fires secretary of war, Edwin Stanton, (February 1868) • Johnson is impugned, absolved NEXT

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Section 2 Reconstruction and Daily Life As the South remakes, a huge number of recently liberated African Americans work to enhance their lives. NEXT

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SECTION 2 Reconstruction and Daily Life Responding to Freedom • African Americans leave manors, search for monetary open doors • Some come back to where they were conceived, others travel in light of the fact that they could • Many hunt down relatives isolated from them amid servitude • Freedom permits African Americans to reinforce family ties NEXT

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SECTION 2 Starting Schools • African Americans go to freedmen’s schools to figure out how to peruse, compose • Schools are paid for by: - African American bunches - federal government - private bunches • Many white Southerners conflict with African-American instruction • White racists execute instructors, blaze freedmen’s schools in South NEXT

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SECTION 2 40 Acres and a Mule • Freed individuals need to possess area, increase financial autonomy • Some freedmen get 40 sections of land and a donkey, most never get land • Radical Republican pioneers push for area change to help freedmen • Congress does not pass area change arrangement. NEXT

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SECTION 2 The Contract System • Without property, numerous African Americans profit to work for estates • They return not as slaves, but rather as compensation workers • Planters frantically require specialists to raise cotton • African Americans utilization contract system—choose best contract offers • Workers gain low wages, grower can\'t part up worker’s families • Laws rebuff laborers for breaking contract regardless of the fact that grower misuse them NEXT

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SECTION 2 Sharecropping and Debt • Under Sharecropping framework: - specialist rents plot of area to cultivate - landowner gives instruments, seed, lodging - sharecropper gives landowner a crop\'s offer • Gives families without area a spot to homestead, landowners shabby work Image Continued . . . NEXT

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SECTION 2 Continued Sharecropping and Debt • Sharecroppers need to develop money harvests, purchase nourishment from neighborhood store • Sharecroppers don\'t have cash for products, gotten in cycle of obligation • Planters depend a lot on developing cotton, damages soil, South’s economy • South needs to import a large portion of its sustenance NEXT

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SECTION 2 The Ku Klux Klan • Many Southerners don\'t need African Americans to have rights • Form Ku Klux Klan , a mystery gathering that has two main objectives: - restore Democratic control of the South - keep previous slaves feeble What is your meaning of terrorism? Who do you connect with terrorism? Why? Proceeded with . . . NEXT

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SECTION 2 Continued The Ku Klux Klan • Klansmen dress in white robes, hoods, assault African Americans • Klan additionally assaulted white Republicans • Lynch a few casualties, murdering them without a trial for an assumed wrongdoing • Klan’s casualties have little security from the law • Terrorism keeps Republicans from surveys, Democrats build power NEXT

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Section 3 End of Reconstruction As white Southerners recapture power, Reconstruction closes, as did dark advances toward correspondence. NEXT

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SECTION 3 End of Reconstruction The Election of Grant • Republican Ulysses S. Award wins the U.S. administration (1868) Image • African American vote serves to choose Grant NEXT

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SECTION 3 The Fifteenth Amendment • Congress passes Fifteenth Amendment (1870): - can\'t prevent national from voting in light of race, previous bondage Image • Does not make a difference to ladies, numerous suffragists dissent NEXT

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SECTION 3 Grant Fights the Klan • Congress passes President Grant’s extreme, hostile to Klan law • Many Klansmen are captured, assaults on African-American voters decrease • 1872 presidential race is reasonable, serene in the South • Grant wins a second term NEXT

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SECTION 3 Scandal and Panic Weaken Republicans • Some of Grant’s consultants take rewards, embarrassment rankles Republicans (Political Corruption) • Some Republicans structure separate gathering, debilitate Republican gathering • Panic of 1873 —banks crosswise over U.S. close, securities exchange accidents Image • Causes financial dejection, railroad industry, agriculturists endure • Many reprimand Republicans, enthusiasm for Reconstruction reduces NEXT

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SECTION 3 Supreme Court Reversals • In U.S. v. Cruikshank case (1876), Supreme Court rules: - only state governments rebuff individuals who abuse black social equality • In U.S. v. Reese (1876 ), Supreme Court: - states could keep African Americans from voting • Court choices debilitate Reconstruction.. How?? NEXT

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SECTION 3 Reconstruction Ends • 1876 presidential race both Democrats, Republicans claim triumph • Republicans, Democrats consent to Compromise of 1877 : - makes Republican Rutherford B. Hayes president - removes elected troops from South • South, reproduction governments breakdown, Democrats come back to control NEXT

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SECTION 3 The Legacy of Reconstruction • Nation remakes, reunites, African Americans don\'t accomplish equity • Most African Americans still live in neediness, face roughness, preference • fourteenth, fifteenth alterations give premise to later social liberties laws Chart • Black schools, houses of worship started amid Reconstruction endure… why are these the “stepping stones” for what\'s to come? Clarify NEXT

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