Life and Death in seventeenth Century British North America .


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Life and Death in 17 th Century British North America. How did birth and death rates influence the development of British colonies?. I. Stable Societies: The New England Colonies. A. The “Numbers”. Nuclear families came in tact across the Atlantic
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Life and Death in 17 th Century British North America How did birth and demise rates impact the improvement of British states?

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I. Stable Societies: The New England Colonies

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A. The "Numbers" Nuclear families came in civility over the Atlantic Key to populace increment was life span, not ripeness One of the principal western social orders in written history where one could depend on knowing one\'s grandchildren Average lady wedding in mid twenties bore eight kids

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B. Family Life Family = focal unit of social soundness Goal = "virtuous" family led by the patriarch Young individuals for the most part picked their own particular mates, generally neighbors

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B. Family Life (cont.) at the outset, wedded youngsters kept on living in similar towns with their folks Romantic Puritans and the act of "packaging" Burst of wrongness amid the main portion of 1700\'s

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B. Family Life (cont.) Puritans were significantly more "mainstream" than regularly perceived The place of "work" was the family unit and youngsters were the wellspring of additional workers

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B. Family Life (cont.) Churches were based on the establishment of family life - - "Midway Covenant" (1662) Significant rates of proficiency portrayed New England - - Ye Olde Deluder Satan Act (1647)

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B. Family Life (cont.) Cambridge has a printing press by 1639 - - The Day of Doom First Bible imprinted in America (1663) - - Algonquian, created by John Eliot First daily paper to persist in the states = Boston Newsletter (1704) Harvard set up (1636)

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C. Ladies\' parts and Class Status A Proverbs 31 Woman Distinct obligations in the family unit Women joined church more than men Little political and legitimate rights Women seen as weaker vessels with feebler personalities Less class imbalance than in Europe or in the Chesapeake - - "yeoman" ranchers

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C. Ladies\' parts and Class Status (cont.) Wealth, not bloodlines nor religion, turns into the key determinant of social positioning Pressure on the land conveyed strain because of the formation of new towns and the move into option occupations Not extraordinary for northern pilgrims to be workers at some time

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II. "Life on the Edge": Southern Plantation Societies

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A. The "Numbers" Much lower future than in New England People wedded later because of agreement contracts Greater casual power for ladies Only one of three relational unions survived 10 years—bunches of mixed families

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B. Family Life 70-85% of foreigners came as single obligated workers with numerous a greater number of men than ladies moving—so less steady atomic families as an establishment Wealthy fathers sent their children to England for school and no printing press until 1671 Sex proportion at long last about even by 1690

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C. Class Status A Tobacco Economy delivered class disparity Indentured hirelings more sparing than African slaves until the passing rate drops Third era of grower come to rule society and legislative issues

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C. Class Status (cont.) Freed arrangements and obligated hirelings spoke to an expanding issue with land turning out to be progressively hard to get Alternatives = Middle Colonies, Backcountry, or simply meandering about

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III. The African-American Experience

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A. Some Freedom before the 1670\'s Approximately 12 million Africans conveyed to the Americas—most to the Caribbean Experience on board for African slaves Sullivan\'s Island in Charleston Harbor = the African "Ellis Island"

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A. Some Freedom (cont.) Gender unevenness 2:1 for guys Christian change = "advantage" for loss of flexibility Status of African-Americans liquid until death rate drops

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Escalation of Slavery after 1670\'s Formation of Royal African Company in 1672 Increase of Black codes amid the last quarter of the 17 th century - - 1660 = first acknowledgment of bondage in Va. Law - - 1661 = far reaching code in Barbados - - 1670 = perceived as long lasting, acquired status - - 1696 = S.C. embraces Barbados-style slave code - - 1705 = Va. embraces Barbados-style slave code

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C. Pioneer African-American Culture Cultural personality secured by the size and thickness of populace Typical slave lived on a manor having a work compel of at least ten Arrival time makes hindrances between African-Americans

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C. Provincial African-American Culture (cont.) Early many years of 18 th century = "defining moment" for African-American family life Number of uprisings little, yet dread of them happening was incredible - - Stono Rebellion (1732)

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IV. Social and Political Instability: 1675-1700 Pressure on the land north and south Bacon\'s Rebellion (1676) "Great Revolutions" in America (1688-1691) - - Massachusetts, New York and Maryland The Salem Witch Trials (1692) - "Otherworldly Evidence"

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