Magazines in the Age of Specialization .

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Magazine Specialization. Like radio, magazines particular to survive television.Ex. Television Guide. Likewise an early sample of media convergenceDeveloped market specialties to copeAppealed to sponsors who needed particular audiencesDefined by sexual orientation, age, race, class, or social and social interestsMore than 22,000 business, elective, and noncommercial distributions and pamphlets are distributed in the
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Magazines in the Age of Specialization Chapter 9

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Magazine Specialization Like radio, magazines specific to survive TV. Ex. Television Guide . Additionally an early case of media joining Developed market specialties to adapt Appealed to promoters who needed particular crowds Defined by sexual orientation, age, race, class, or social and social premiums More than 22,000 business, elective, and noncommercial productions and bulletins are distributed in the U.S. today.

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Early History of Magazines Defoe\'s Review , 1704 For elites Political analysis Looked like a daily paper Gentleman\'s Magazine , 1731 Samuel Johnson Alexander Pope

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Colonial Magazines No white collar class Often excessively expensive No across the board proficiency Served political, business, and social concerns Ben Franklin , in Philadelphia General Magazine Ruthlessly smothered rivalry Used special position as postmaster By 1776 around 100 magazines in states

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Saturday Evening Post Longest-running magazine in U.S. history Started by Alexander and Coate, 1821 First significant magazine to claim straightforwardly to ladies First essential general-intrigue magazine went for national crowd

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The National Magazine Better, less expensive innovation Fed developing proficiency and instruction Better appropriation and transportation Most went for ladies Sara Josepha Hale: Ladies\' Magazine Godey\'s Lady Book E. L. Godkin\'s Nation, 1865 Oldest persistently distributed magazine

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Modern American Magazines Postal Act of 1879 brought down postage rates. Break even with balance with daily papers conveyed via mail By late 1800s, promoting incomes took off. Caught clients\' consideration and assembled national commercial center The magazine turned into an instrument of developing American patriotism. Perusers no longer kept up just neighborhood or territorial characters.

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Muckrakers Teddy Roosevelt coins term in 1906. Early type of investigative detailing Journalists debilitated with daily papers searched out magazines where they could write inside and out about more extensive issues. Not without individual hazard to correspondent Famous American meddlers: Ida Tarbell goes up against Standard Oil Lincoln Steffens goes up against city lobby Upton Sinclair goes up against meatpacking industry

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General-Interest Magazines Popular after WWI from 1920s to 1950s Combined investigative news-casting with wide national subjects Rise of photojournalism assumes a noticeable part all in all premium magazines.

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The General-Interest "Bigs" Saturday Evening Post 300+ cover delineations by Norman Rockwell Reader\'s Digest Applicability, enduring interest, productivity Time Interpretive news-casting utilizing correspondent inquiry groups Increasingly traditionalist as turned out to be more effective Life Oversized pictorial week after week Pass-along readership of more than 17 million

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"Unique film has qualities that make it simple to figure out if it has been messed with. Computerized pictures, by differentiation, can be effectively modified." — Christopher R. Harris Modern Challenges to Photojournalism

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Decline of General-Interest Magazines Advertising cash movements to TV. Television Guide is conceived. Paper costs ascend in mid 1970s Life Look Saturday Evening Post … all bomb But many ladies\' magazines survive. Individuals, 1974, is first fruitful mass market magazine in decades.

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Fragmentation of the Industry In 2006, the Magazine Publishers of America exchange association recorded more than forty extraordinary classes of shopper magazines.

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Magazine Classifications Leisure, games, and music E.g., Playboy, Soap Opera Digest, Sports Illustrated, Rolling Stone Travel and topography E.g., Smithsonian, Travel & Leisure, National Geographic Age-amass particular E.g., Highlights for Children, Teen People, AARP The Magazine Elite magazines and social minorities E.g., The New Yorker, the New Republic, Ebony, Imagen

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Web Magazines By 2006, the three most mainstream Internet magazines were Entrepreneur , Forbes , and Sports Illustrated , with scoring "6 million novel guests" in February 2006.

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Tabloids National Enquirer is established in 1926 by Hearst. News Corp. dispatches Star in 1974. In mid 1990s newspaper dissemination numbers begin to diminish. "I adore conversing with witches and Satanists and vampire seekers, and individuals who have been seized by UFOs — it beyond any doubt beats covering zoning load up gatherings." — Cliff Linedecker

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Magazine Structure Production Machines and paper Layout and plan Editorial Content, written work quality, production center, and mission Advertising and deals Manage the pay stream from promotions Circulation and dispersion Either "paid" or "controlled"

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Chains Hearst Cond é Nast Advance Publications Time, Inc. PRIMEDIA Hachette Filipacchi Rodale Meredith

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Media Giant

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Contemporary Magazines Fewer than 90 U.S. magazines offer to more than 1 million perusers. The other almost 19,000 U.S. magazines battle to discover a specialty.

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