Magruder s American Government .


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C H A P T E R 1 Principles of Government. Area 1Government and the StateSECTION 2Forms of GovernmentSECTION 3Basic Concepts of Democracy. Part 1. . 2. . 3. . 1. Part 1, Section 1. S E C T I O N 1 Government and the State. How is government defined?What are the fundamental powers that each administration holds?What are the four characterizing qualities of the state?How have we endeavored to expla
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Magruder\'s American Government C H A P T E R 1 Principles of Government © 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc.

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C H A P T E R 1 Principles of Government SECTION 1 Government and the State SECTION 2 Forms of Government SECTION 3 Basic Concepts of Democracy 1 2 3 Chapter 1

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S E C T I O N 1 Government and the State How is government characterized? What are the fundamental powers that each administration holds? What are the four characterizing qualities of the state? How have we endeavored to clarify the starting point of the state? What is the motivation behind government in the United States and different nations? 2 3 Chapter 1, Section 1

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What Is Government? Government is the organization through which a general public makes and upholds its open strategies. 2 3 Chapter 1 Section 1

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The State The state can be characterized as having these four qualities: 2 3 Chapter 1, Section 1

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Origins of the State The Force Theory The drive hypothesis expresses that one individual or a little gathering took control of a region and constrained all inside it to submit to that individual\'s or gathering\'s tenet. The Evolutionary Theory The developmental hypothesis contends that the state advanced normally out of the early family. The Divine Right Theory The hypothesis of heavenly right holds that God made the state and that God gives those of illustrious birth a "celestial appropriate" to run the show. The Social Contract Theory The social contract hypothesis contends that the state emerged out of a deliberate demonstration of free individuals. 2 3 Chapter 1, Section 1

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The Purpose of Government The primary motivations behind government are depicted in the Preamble of the Constitution of the United States: " We the People of the United States, in Order to frame a more flawless Union, build up Justice, guarantee residential Tranquility, accommodate the regular resistance, advance the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do appoint and set up this Constitution for the United States of America." 2 3 Chapter 1, Section 1

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Section 1 Review 1. An administration is (a) the organization through which a general public makes and implements its open strategies. (b) a gathering of individuals. (c) constantly fair. (d) the association speaking to ranches and enterprises. 2. A state has the accompanying four qualities: (a) populace, domain, power, and government. (b) sway, an impeccable union, welfare, and region. (c) individuals, places, drive, and awesome right. (d) equity, safeguard, freedom, and local serenity . Need to associate with the Magruder\'s connection for this part? Click Here! 2 3 Chapter 1, Section 1

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S E C T I O N 2 Forms of Government How would we be able to arrange governments? How are frameworks of government characterized as far as who can take an interest? How is power circulated inside a state? How are governments characterized by the relationship between the administrative and official branches? 1 3 Chapter 1, Section 2

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Classifying Governments can be ordered by three distinct norms: (1) Who can take an interest in the administering procedure. (2) The geographic appropriation of the administrative power inside the state. (3) The relationship between the administrative (lawmaking) and the official (law-executing) branches of the legislature. 1 3 Chapter 1, Section 2

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Democracy In a vote based system, preeminent political expert rests with the general population. An immediate popular government exists where the will of the general population is converted into law straightforwardly by the general population themselves. In an aberrant majority rules system, a little gathering of people, picked by the general population to go about as their delegates, communicates the prominent will. Autocracy A tyranny exists where the individuals who run can\'t be considered dependable to the will of the general population. A dictatorship is a legislature in which a solitary individual holds boundless political power. A theocracy is an administration in which the ability to administer is held by a little, normally self-designated first class. Arrangement by Who Can Participate 1 3 Chapter 1, Section 2

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Classification by Geographic Distribution of Power Unitary Government A unitary government has all forces held by a solitary, focal office. Confederate Government A confederation is a partnership of free states. National Government A government is one in which the forces of government are separated between a focal government and a few neighborhood governments. A specialist better than both the focal and nearby governments makes this division of force on a geographic premise. 1 3 Chapter 1, Section 2

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Classification by the Relationship Between Legislative and Executive Branches 1 3 Chapter 1, Section 2

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Forms of Government 1 3 Chapter 1, Section 2

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Section 2 Review 1. In a majority rules system, (a) free states frame a cooperation. (b) preeminent political expert rests with the general population. (c) the individuals who run can\'t be considered mindful to the will of the general population. (d) the administer by a couple, select people controls the will of the general population. 2. The United States government has the accompanying attributes: (a) confederate, parliamentary, and autocracy. (b) unitary, presidential, and majority rule government. (c) government, presidential, and majority rule government. (d) unitary, parliamentary, and fascism . Need to interface with the Magruder\'s connection for this area? Click Here! 1 3 Chapter 1, Section 2

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S E C T I O N 3 Basic Concepts of Democracy What are the establishments of majority rules system? What are the associations amongst majority rule government and the free venture framework? How has the Internet influenced majority rule government? 1 2 Chapter 1, Section 3

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Foundations The American idea of popular government lays on these essential thoughts: (1) An acknowledgment of the central worth and nobility of each individual; (2) A regard for the fairness of all people; (3) A confidence in lion\'s share lead and an emphasis on minority rights; (4) An acknowledgment of the need of trade off; and (5) An emphasis on the most stretched out conceivable level of individual flexibility. 1 2 Chapter 1, Section 3

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Democracy and the Free Enterprise System The free undertaking framework is a monetary framework described by private or corporate responsibility for merchandise; ventures that are dictated by private choice instead of by state control; and decided in a free market. Choices in a free endeavor framework are controlled by the law of free market activity . An economy in which private undertaking exists in blend with a lot of government direction and advancement is known as a blended economy . 1 2 Chapter 1, Section 3

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Democracy and the Internet Democracy requests that the general population be broadly educated about their administration. Hypothetically, the Internet makes proficient support in law based process simpler than any time in recent memory. In any case, all information on the World Wide Web is not really genuine, and the long haul impacts of the Internet on vote based system presently can\'t seem to be resolved. 1 2 Chapter 1, Section 3

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Section 3 Review 1. The majority of the accompanying are essential ideas found in the American idea of popular government EXCEPT (an) an acknowledgment of the central worth and nobility of each individual . (b) a regard for the equity of all people . (c) the run of government by a solitary person. (d) an acknowledgment of the need of bargain . 2. In a free undertaking framework, the method for capital are possessed (a) by private and corporate elements. (b) by government organizations. (c) by just the rural area. (d) similarly by the aggregate citizenry. Need to associate with the Magruder\'s connection for this segment? Click Here! 1 2 Chapter 1, Section 3

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