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# Map Scale and Speculation Ideas.

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Description
Scale is the relationship between separation on the guide and separation on the ground. ... Reference highlights as Football ground, tennis court, Baseball precious stone ...
Transcripts
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﻿Part 5 Map Scale and Generalization Concepts

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Scale is the relationship between separation on the guide and separation on the ground. Selecting the suitable scale relies on upon the measure of the sheet of paper and the exact position of components. http://www.beg.utexas.edu/GIS/devices/scale2.htm

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Type of Map Scale Word Statement Representative Fraction Graphic Scale

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Word Statement A word explanation gives a composed depiction of scale, for example, "One centimeter parallels one kilometer" or "One centimeter measures up to ten kilometers." Ineffective if the guide is replicated by a technique, for example, photocopying and the extent of the guide is altered (Enlarge or Reduce)

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Representative Fraction A proportion or delegate part (RF) demonstrates what number of units on the world\'s surface is equivalent to one unit on the guide. It can be communicated as 1/100,000 or 1:100,000. Great when Enlarge and Reduce complete guide

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Graphic Scale It is essentially a line set apart with separation on the ground which the guide client can use alongside a ruler to decide scale on the guide. Great when Enlarge and Reduce complete guide In the U.S., a realistic scale regularly incorporates both metric and U.S. basic units.

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How to Measure Distances on a Map? Discover the scale for the guide you\'re going to utilize - it may be a ruler-looking bar scale or a composed scale, in words or numbers. Utilize a ruler to quantify the separation between the two spots. In the event that the line is entirely bended, utilize a string to decide the separation and afterward measure the string. On the off chance that the scale is a delegate portion (and looks like 1/100,000 or 1:100,000), increase the separation of the ruler by the denominator, giving separation in the ruler units. On the off chance that the scale is a word articulation (i.e. "One centimeter levels with one kilometer") then decide the separation. For a realistic scale, you\'ll have to quantify the realistic and partition the scale into the deliberate units on the ruler. Change over your units of estimation into the most advantageous units for you (i.e. change over 63,360 inches to one mile) Tips: Watch out for maps that have been repeated and have had their scale changed. A realistic scale will change with the diminishment or growth yet alternate scales turn out to be off-base.

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Large Scale & Small Scale

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Large Scale & Small Scale

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Large Scale & Small Scale

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Large Scale & Small Scale Large scale : Large illustrative portion (1:50,000 or Larger) More detail Covers littler spatial zone of Earth\'s surface Intermediate Scale: 1:50,000 to 1:250,000 Small Scale: 1:250,000 to 1:7,500,000 Less detail Covers bigger spatial zone of the Earth\'s surface

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Scale Determination When guide don\'t have scale on guide, then: Use of referred to components Reference highlights as Football ground, tennis court, Baseball precious stone Use of line of Latitude and Longitude Distance of 1 0 line of scope is 111.133 km (normal) can be valuable to decide scale on ATLAS maps. Utilization of Map Comparison Another guide from same region, having comparative elements can be useful to decide scale.

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Scale Conversion Map scales can be changed over starting with one shape then onto the next RF to word-explanation transformation Puts map scale in a structure that is all the more effectively seen verbally 1:63,360 is that same as saying 1 inch is 1 mile Word articulation to RF 2 inches per mile is the same as 1:31,680 RF to realistic changes Graphic changes to RF

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Scale Conversion

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Generalization Selection and maintenance of more essential region & dispensing with less vital zone. Disentanglement Simplify the Shape of highlight hold on maps with changes in scale Combination Combine comparative Two or more elements in one image Locational Shift Road or rail street or waterway jammed into each other, need moving (not all components are appeared at their accurate area) Size Exaggeration Exaggerate the span of the articles to enhance their perceivability (Highway width on US guide, to see clear need embellishment) "The procedure of speculation requires the choice of those elements that are fundamental to the guide\'s motivation and the representation of them in a way which is clear and informative".

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Geometric speculation for Simplification

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Simplification Simplify the Shape of highlight hold on maps

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Exaggeration On little scale maps the vast majority of the items that are sufficiently critical to be appeared on the guide however are little in size, all things considered. e.g.: expressway appeared on a US map with scale 1 : 10,000,000 with line 0.5 mm would need to be 5,000 m wide, all things considered, to meet the relative scaling standard.

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