Mapping Nanotechnology Developments and Learning: Worldwide and Longitudinal Patent and Writing Investigation.

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Mapping Nanotechnology Innovations and Knowledge: Global and ... Main 20 nanotechnology patent chosen ones (with normal patent age) and nations ...
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Mapping Nanotechnology Innovations and Knowledge: Global and Longitudinal Patent and Literature Analysis Hsinchun Chen, Ph.D. Chief, Artificial Intelligence Lab University of Arizona Acknowledgment: National Science Foundation (NSF)

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About this book: Reflects late development in nanoscale science and designing Analyzes an industry anticipated that would reach $1 trillion by 2015 Includes examination of Patent Office databases in the US, Europe and Japan

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Knowledge Mapping

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Invisible Colleges and Knowledge Mapping Invisible school , which comprises of a little gathering of profoundly gainful and arranged researchers and researchers, is accepted to be in charge of development of exploratory information (Crane, 1972). "Learning Mapping" or "Science Mapping" procedures, in view of substance investigation, reference system examination, and data representation, has turned into a dynamic range of exploration that uncovers such a between associated, imperceptible school or system of researchers and their fundamental distributions and thoughts (Chen, 2003).

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Online Resources for Knowledge Mapping Abstracts & Indexes: MEDLINE (drug), TOXLINE (toxicology), BIOSIS (science), COMPENDEX (building and innovation), ERIC (instruction), and so on. Business full-message diary articles and computerized libraries: Thomson Scientific Web of Science, ACM Digital Library, The IEEE Computer Society Digital Library, and so forth. Free full-message articles and e-prints: Free Medical Journals, HighWire Press, administration, and so on. Reference indexing frameworks and administrations: Thomson Science Citation Index, Google Scholar, CiteSeer, and so on. Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD): Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD), and so on. Licenses: USPTO, EPO, JPO, and so on. Business and industry articles and reports: Forrester, IDC, and Gartner, and so forth. Sites, gatherings, web journals, person to person communication locales, and so on

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Units of Analysis and Representations Authors or innovators Publications and distribution outlets Institutions Countries or districts Subject and point regions Timeline

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Knowledge Mapping: Analysis Framework Text Mining Natural Language Processing: programmed indexing, data extraction Content Analysis: grouping calculations, self-sorting out guide (SOM), multi-dimensional scaling (MDS), key segment investigation (PCA), co-word examination, PathFinder system (PFNET) Network Analysis Social Network Analysis: subgroup recognition, disclosure of example of connection, parts of people Complex Networks: system models, topological properties, developing systems Information Visualization Information Representations: 1D, 2D 3D, multi-dimensional, tree, system, fleeting User-interface Interaction: review + subtle element, center + setting

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Co-initiation Network (Krempel)

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SOM-based Cancer Map (Chen et al.)

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ThemeView (PNL)

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Galaxy perception (PNL)

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Mapping Nanotechnology Innovations and Knowledge

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Nanotechnology Commercialization Timeline

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Worldwide Nanotechnology Market

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Nanotechnology An essential innovation. Basic for a country\'s mechanical capability. Upsets an extensive variety of use areas. Lately, nanotechnology research experienced fast development: (Huang et al., 2003) utilized patent productions from the USPTO for the longitudinal investigation of this field. Numerous people group have an enthusiasm for surveying the R&D status of nanotechnology.

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Assessing Nanotechnology Research Status Patent investigation We built up a structure (Huang et al., 2003) to efficiently evaluate nanotechnology\'s exploration status utilizing: Bibliometric examination, Content guide examination, and Citation system examination. Writing investigation Bibliometric examination is the real approach (Braun et al., 1997); different techniques are rarely utilized as a part of this sort of study. There is an absence of examination which direct longitudinal investigation of nanotechnology\'s exploration status as of late utilizing experimental writing.

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USPTO, EPO, and JPO Patent Analysis (Nature Nanotechnology, 2008, anticipated)

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Background and Research Objectives Research Objectives Assess the nanotechnology improvement status spoke to by USPTO, EPO, and JPO licenses. Thoroughly analyze the distinctions in the nanotechnology licenses in the three stores.

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Research Design Research Design We built up a system to survey the R&D status of an a science and building space in light of the licenses in the three storehouses: USPTO, EPO, and JPO. USPTO dataset Data procurement Patent parsing Research status investigation USPTO database Number of licenses Patent distribution Collected by catchphrases EPO dataset Average number of refers to Patent significance/quality of a vault EPO database EPO+JPO patent Collected by watchwords Topic scope Content guide JPO patent JPO dataset Knowledge dissemination Citation Network Patent status JPO database Patent status checking

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Dataset Data: USPTO Patents Comparing with "full-text" look and "title-claims" seek, "title-unique" inquiry gives less indexed lists however with higher precision. From "title-theoretical" inquiry: 5,363 special licenses were gathered. Put together by 2,196 trustee foundations, 8,405 innovators, and 46 nations.

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Dataset Data: USPTO Patents (cont.) Top 20 nanotechnology patent chosen ones (with normal patent age) and nations in view of "title-conceptual" inquiry of licenses distributed from 1976 to 2004

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Dataset Data: EPO Patents (cont.) Top 20 nanotechnology patent appointees (with normal patent age) and nations in light of "title-unique" hunt of licenses distributed from 1978 to 2004

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Dataset Data: JPO Patents (cont.) Top 20 nanotechnology patent trustees in view of "title-theoretical" pursuit of licenses distributed from 1976 to 2004

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Dataset Data: USPTO, EPO, and JPO Patents The quantities of nanotechnology licenses distributed in USPTO, EPO and JPO by year (log scale)

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Basic Bibliographic Analysis Basic Analysis-USPTO Patents by Country Top 20 nanotechnology patent chosen one nations in USPTO ("title-dynamic" hunt) and their licenses by year, 1976-2004 (log scale)

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Basic Bibliographic Analysis Basic Analysis-EPO Patents by Country Top 20 nanotechnology patent chosen one nations in EPO ("title-conceptual" inquiry) and their licenses by year, 1978-2004 (log scale)

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Basic Bibliographic Analysis Basic Analysis-USPTO Patents by C ountry Group Assignee nation bunch examination by year, 1976-2004 ("title-dynamic" hunt) (log scale)

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Basic Bibliographic Analysis Basic Analysis-EPO Patents by C ountry Group Assignee nation bunch investigation by year, 1978-2004 ("title-unique" inquiry) (log scale)

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Content Map Analysis Content Map Analysis (USPTO) USPTO Content Map (1976-1989) ("title-conceptual" pursuit)

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Content Map Analysis Content Map Analysis (USPTO) 4.18 5.39 6.0 3 6.5 1 6.9 3 7.3 3 7.7 5 8.2 3 8.86 9.32 10.07 NEW REGION - 0 .8 0 . 4 1 .0 5 1 .5 3 1 .9 5 2 .3 5 2 . 7 3 .2 5 3 . 8 4 .3 4 5 .0 9 NEW REGION USPTO Content Map (1990-1999) ("title-theoretical" hunt) USPTO Content Map (2000-2004) ("title-unique" pursuit)

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Content Map Analysis Findings –Content Map (USPTO) From 1976 to 1989, the real research themes of USPTO nanotechnology licenses included: "carbon iotas," "optical strands," and "thin movies." From 1990 to 1999, a few new research subjects showed up from 1990 to 1999, including: "watery arrangements," "composite materials," "laser shafts," "nucleic acids," "optical waveguide," "natural colvents," "reverse osmosis," "self-gathered monolayer," "semiconductor substrate," "silicon carbide," and "substrate surfaces." From 2000 to 2004, the quantities of licenses identified with a few points had expanded fundamentally, for example, "fluid arrangements," "composite materials," "carbon nanotubes," "nucleic acids," "self-amassed monolayer," and "dainty movies." Some new subjects likewise got to be real research points in this time period, for example, "nuclear power magnifying instrument," "mud materials," "dielectric layers," "nanocomposite materials," "naphtha stream," "polymeric materials," and "semiconductor gadgets."

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Citation Network Analysis Citation Network Analysis-USPTO Countries

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Citation Network Analysis Citation Network Analysis-EPO Countries

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Citation Network Analysis Findings – Country Citation Network In the USPTO dataset, the U nited S tates is the most noteworthy reference focus on the system. Japan, Republic of Korea, the United Kingdom, China ( Taiwan ) and Germany are the optional reference focuses and built a bunch with close references. In the EPO dataset, the U nited S tates , France, Japan, Germany, and the United Kingdom are vast reference focuses and build a reference bunch on the system. In both stores, the nations have close reference connections. In EPO most appointee nations have more than one refering to/refered to nation. In USPTO a few nations just have reference association with the United States. A significant number of the nations that exclusive had references with the United States were moderately new in the nanotechnology area.

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Thomson SCI Literature Analysis

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Research M

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