Max Weber 1864-1920 .


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Max Weber (1864-1920). Social Hypothesis notes. Anecdotal Points of interest. 1864: destined to upper white collar class Protestant German family; imperious legislator father and passionate, timid, Calvinist mother
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Max Weber (1864-1920) Social Theory notes

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Biographical Details 1864: destined to upper white collar class Protestant German family; imperious government official father and sincere, timid, Calvinist mother 1882: attends a university and joins father\'s crew: drinks, fights, gets colossally fat, procures dueling scar 1893: weds cousin, Marianne 1894: gets to be school educator 1897-1902: struck by deadening mental meltdown after father\'s demise; not able to work 1904-05: composes The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism after visit to U.S. 1910: establishes German Sociological Association 1914: bolsters German contribution in World War I as true blue guard against Russia and battle for "respect" 1918: comes back to instructing following 20 years, starts Economy and Society, appears to at last recuperate from mental injury and appreciate life 1919: politically dynamic with coalition of focus left gatherings 1920: kicks the bucket of pneumonia

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Marx and Weber "quiet exchange" with Marx "balancing" Marx\'s perspectives on free enterprise (transformative effect of Puritanism and social qualities) Agreements: 1. Auxiliary variables offering ascend to present day society 2. Mapping associations between variables impacting singular activity – "The social request is obviously adapted by the financial request to a high degree, and thus responds upon it." 3. Basic impediments on individual activities (significance of class, distance and "iron confine") Key contradictions: 1. The way of science 2. The certainty of history 3. Monetary determinism

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The Nature of Science Advocated "esteem free" research with obviously characterized ideas for target humanism Values may impact decision of theme, yet not real examination Argues that Marxists confound "what is" and "what should be" Importance of Understanding (verstehen ) subjective discernments as opposed to setting "logical" laws – "The diminishment of experimental reality… to "laws" is insignificant… A precise investigation of culture… would be silly" – rather he searches for contextualized designs

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The Inevitability of History Denies unsurprising "laws" of verifiable advancement Capitalism emerged from arrangement of mischances, including free work constrain, industrialization, legitimized bookkeeping, systematized law and proprietorship, and "soul of private enterprise"

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Economic Determinism Refutes Marxist determinism: Protestant Ethic : significance of religious thoughts in molding conduct Economy and Society : frameworks of control kept up in light of the fact that they are seen as honest to goodness, overpowering class divisions

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Ideal Types A meaning of a foundation or kind of society that identifies key or fundamental elements of the marvel May not coordinate consummately with any genuine, solid illustration

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Weber\'s Ideal Type Analysis of Domination 1. Appealling Domination – in light of constrain of identity of motivational pioneers Emerges in times of emergency when old qualities come up short unsteady over long stretches - issue of routinization (progression and everyday operations) Examples: Hitler, Gandhi 2. Conventional Domination – authenticity guaranteed and had confidence in by prudence of the holiness of old custom that can\'t be tested by reason 3. Discerning Legal Domination – by statute and lawful standards – methodology Seen in present day organizations and in arrangement of political gatherings Separation of individual and lawful issues High level of specialization Uniformly connected tenets

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Ideal Types of Social Stratification 1. Class 2. Status Group 3. Party

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Power versus Respect Not all power is "monetarily molded" Not all power involves "social respect" But, "the social request is obviously adapted by the financial request to a high degree, and thus responds upon it"

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Class Persons who have a typical life chances spoke to by monetary premiums Statistical totals – not groups – in view of market circumstance Marx (2 classes) versus Weber (more separated)

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Communal Action and Class Possibilities of gathering arrangement and bound together political activity Rare, since they for the most part neglect to perceive basic intrigue Happens under certain social conditions: 1. Substantial numbers see themselves in same class circumstance 2. Naturally thought (i.e. in urban zones) 3. Unmistakably comprehended objectives explained by an intellectuals 4. Plainly recognized adversaries 5. Stripped, straightforward exercise of class influence "Communalization" = "sentiment the performers that they have a place together." "Societal Action" = "judiciously spurred change of premiums" Examples Russia, Nicaragua, Oaxaca Misdirected Class Struggle (illustrations?)

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Status Group Persons who share "a particular, constructive or pessimistic, social estimation of respect" Subjective instead of Objective Expressed and strengthened through way of life as opposed to market circumstance or monetary conduct Lifestyle and taste fortifying status (Bourdieu) Emergence of Global Status Groups (Appadurai) Rests on separation and eliteness Limiting of social connection, marriage accomplices, social traditions and exercises, associations and clubs, and "favored methods of procurement, (for example, property or occupations)

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Consumption More vital in times of soundness Importance of mold/way of life ("all "stylization" of life either starts in status amasses or is in any event preserved by them") Subjective Position Reaction against "claims of simply financial obtaining" (new cash) James Bond Ethnicity (level) and Caste (vertical) Dignity in this world (high) versus next world (low) Production Becomes especially vital in times of unsteadiness/fast change Objective financial position Not really communalized Status versus Class

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Ethnicity, Caste, Race Perception, not reality (they " put stock in blood relationship and bar exogamous marriage and social intercourse") Ethnicity: flat (each permitted to have faith in prevalent respect) Caste (vertical) incorporates race (subjective, not organic) Pariah people groups

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Party Oriented around a particular objective (can be a "cause" or individual influence) Related to, however isolate from class and status as three unmistakable stratification frameworks

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Rationalization From utilization of cash and credit in free markets to intervene exchanges and social connections, and from unexpected changes in religion Formal judiciousness: intends to-finishes count (particular from substantive discernment ) Rise of bureaucratic defended state Replaces convention, support, and different methods for controlling markets Reinforced and invigorated by arbitrary chronicled occasions and social variables (religion) Rationalized financial framework and state constantly strengthen each other; making a stone monument that can\'t be contradicted "embitterment" of social world prompts to "iron pen" of administration, where social life is measurable, sane, proficient, and dull – no freeing perfect world ought not out of the ordinary from communism or private enterprise

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The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism 1. Integrity of Work: Work esteemed as an end in itself 2. Exchange and benefit taken as pointers of individual ethicalness 3. Efficiently sorted out life represented by reason esteemed as intends to monetary accomplishment, as well as legitimate and honest condition of being 4. Postponed Gratification: Immediate bliss ought to be sworn off for future fulfillment (shirking of unconstrained pleasure and debauchery) Taken together, this "soul" of private enterprise one of 7 elements that prompted to ascent of excused entrepreneur economies in West

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