Meanings of Destitution.


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Meanings of Neediness Supreme Standard Expense of Nourishment Spending plan Times 3 $19,971 for a Group of Four $10,160 for a Solitary Individual Middle Pay = $46,326 (2005) 2005: 37 million individuals (12.6%) Relative Standard (European Union) half of the Middle Salary World Bank
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Meanings of Poverty Absolute Standard Cost of Food Budget Times 3 $19,971 for a Family of Four $10,160 for a Single Person Median Income = $46,326 (2005) 2005: 37 million individuals (12.6%) Relative Standard (European Union) half of the Median Income World Bank Extreme Poverty = $1 every day (1.1 billion) Moderate Poverty = $1 to $2 every day (1.6 billion)

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Poverty Thresholds for 2005 One Person Under 65 $10,160 One Adult, One Child $13,461 Two Adults, No Children $13,078 One Adult, Two Children $15,735 Two Adults, Two Children $19,806 Two Adults Three Children $23,307 Nine People $40,288

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Definitions of Poverty Absolute Standard Cost of Food Budget Times 3 $19,971 for a Family of Four $10,160 for a Single Person Median Income = $46,326 (2005) 2005: 37 million individuals (12.6%) Relative Standard (European Union) half of the Median Income World Bank Extreme Poverty = $1 every day (1.1 billion) Moderate Poverty = $1 to $2 every day (1.6 billion)

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Poverty Rates Over Time Absolute Standard Relative Standard 1949 39% 25% 1969 12.1% 21% 1979 11.7% 1989 12.8 1995 13.8 1999 11.3 26% 2001 11.7 2002 12.1 2003 12.5 2004 12.7 2005 12.6

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Poverty Rates 1959 to 2003

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Poverty Rates Absolute(2004) Relative(2000) All People 12.6% 21.1% Ethnicity White 10.8% 15.7% Black 24.6% 35.5% Asian 9.9% 18.9% Hispanic 21.8% 37.0% Native American 25.9% NA Age Under 18 17.4% 18 to 64 11.2% 65 and up 10.5% Family Type Married Couple 5.6% 12.7% Married With Children 6.9% 14.2% Female Headed with Children 35.3% 52.6% Unrelated 18.9% 34.1% Education (Age 25+) Less than High School 22.2% 42.6% High School 9.2% 19.7% Some College 5.9% 13.4% College Graduate 3.2% 6.4% Citizenship Native 12.0% 20.2% Naturalized Citizen 10.2% 19.7% Not a Citizen 21.6% 34.4%

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International Comparisons half of the Median Income Total Population Children Australia (1994) 14.3% 15.8% Austria (2000) 7.7% 7.8% Belgium (2000) 8.0% 6.7% Canada (2000) 11.4% 14.9% Denmark (1992) 7.2% 5.0% Finland (2000) 5.4% 2.8% France (1994) 8.0% 7.9% Germany (2000) 8.3% 9.0% Italy (2000) 12.7% 16.6% Mexico (2002) 20.2% 24.8% Netherlands (1999) 7.3% 9.8% Spain (2000) 14.3% 16.1% Sweden (2000) 6.5% 4.2% Switzerland (2002) 7.6% 6.7% Taiwan (2000) 9.1% 8.0% United Kingdom (1999) 12.4% 15.3% United States (2000) 17.0% 21.9%

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Distribution of Income Percent of Income 2003 1967 Lowest Quintile 3.4% 4.0% Second Quintile 8.7% 10.8% Third Quintile 14.8% 17.3% Fourth Quintile 23.4% 24.2% Top Quintile 49.8% 43.8% Top 5% 22.4% 17.5%

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Gini Index

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Distribution of Wealth 2001 1983 Bottom 40% 0.3% 0.9% third 20% 3.9% 5.2% 4 th 20% 11.3% 12.3% Top 20% 84.4% 81.3% Top 5% 59.2% Top 1% 33.4%

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Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) 1. Beneficiaries a. Single parents with youngsters b. In California, likewise two-guardian families if the fundamental worker is unemployed c. Salary is underneath a sure sum 2. Advantages for a mother with 2 youngsters and no other wage a. 1996: $565 every month b. 2001: $645 every month c. Declined $0.30 for each dollar earned working d. Additionally qualified for Food Stamps and Medicaid and conceivably Rent Supplements 3. Numbers starting 1996 a. 2.6 million individuals in California; 12.9 million individuals broadly b. Maybe ¼ of beneficiaries gathered for a long time or more 4. Unreasonable Incentives a. Motivating force not to work b. Motivating force for fathers not to pay kid bolster c. Motivation for single parents to live independently from their own guardians d. Motivating force for additional out-of-wedlock births

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Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996 1. New Name: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families – TANF (Cal Works) 2. The beneficiary can gather advantages for close to two years. The two years is to be utilized to get prepared for occupation. The beneficiary can gather advantages for close to five years in a lifetime. 3. Attributes of Recipients 40% had neglected to complete secondary school 75% were in the last 25% on fitness tests 4. Numbers accepting help tumbled from 1996 to 2001 a. Americans: from 12.9 million to 5.3 million b. Californians: from 2.6 million to 1.2 million c. Percent of Americans tumbled from 4.5% to 1.9% 5. Pick up from working instead of being on welfare: $2,000 every year in 1986 and $7,100 every year in 1997 6. Occupation Rates of Single Mothers: 60% in 1994 72% in 1999

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