Meeting the Word related Treatment and Discourse Dialect Pathology Needs of Patients in the 21 st Century.

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Such issue have distinctive reasons, and may go from a couple discourse sound slips to an aggregate loss of the ... hypertension, dental illness, tumor and different ear issue. ...
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Meeting the Occupational Therapy and Speech-Language Pathology Needs of Patients in the 21 st Century LCDR Jodi A. Tanzillo, OTR/L LT Erik Cala, MA, CCC-SLP

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Goals Identify regions of utilization for Occupational Therapy treatment. Distinguish territories of use for Speech-Language Pathology treatment. Recognize correlated demographic patterns influencing the conveyance of OT and SLP administrations.

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OT on U.S. News and World Report\'s List of "Best Careers 2008" The vocation of word related specialist has made U.S. News & World Report\'s rundown of 31 "Best Careers 2008." It likewise recorded the employment of a word related treatment advisor as a "smart specialty." In selecting the most encouraging vocations, U.S. News considered occupation fulfillment, preparing trouble, esteem, and employment market standpoint. Components that make word related treatment such a promising vocation incorporate the deficiency of word related advisors, a maturing populace, and general occupation fulfillment. U.S. News portrayed the employment of word related advisor as a "challenging vocation that is best for inventive, viable individuals who discover fulfillment in little successes." Occupational treatment additionally showed up on the "Best Careers" list in 2007.

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Audiologist Biomedical gear professional Clergy Curriculum/preparing expert Dentist Editor Engineer Firefighter Fundraiser Genetic advisor Ghostwriter Government supervisor Hairstylist/cosmetologist Higher training executive Investment broker Landscape designer Librarian Locksmith/Security framework expert Management advisor Mediator Occupational advisor Optometrist Pharmacist Physician collaborator Politician/Elected authority Professor Registered medical caretaker School clinician Systems investigator Urban organizer Usability/User experience pro Best Careers of 2008

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Domains of Occupational Therapy Practice Directs the center and activities of administrations Patient/customer focused treatment that takes part in important, intentional day by day life exercises Utilize occupation to empower a person to enhance cooperation in ADLs

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Domains of Occupational Therapy Practice #1 Services gave to the individuals who have or are at danger to build up an: Injury Disease Disorder Impairment Disability Activity constraint Participation limitation

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Domains of Occupational Therapy Practice #2 Collaborative Process Model #3 Assessment of danger variables that block ideal working. #4 Occupational Therapy administrations are accommodated the motivation behind advancing wellbeing and health.

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Domains of Occupational Therapy Practice #5 General Service Provisions Consultation Education Critical Inquiry Administrative Services

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Process Elements in Occupational Therapy Examination Evaluation Diagnosis Prognosis Intervention Outcome Measures

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Process Elements in Occupational Therapy Evaluation Clinical judgments taking into account examination comes about Determine current level of utilitarian execution Develop an Occupational Profile and Analysis of Occupational Performance that depicts: Patient/customer word related history Patterns of every day living Interests, qualities, needs, and needs Observe real execution in connection

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Occupational Therapy Evaluation: Occupational Profile "The underlying stride in the assessment procedure that gives a comprehension of the customer\'s word related history and encounters, examples of day by day living, interests, values, and needs. The customer\'s issues and concerns are about performing occupations and day by day life exercises are recognized, and the customer\'s needs are resolved." - The AOTA: OT Practice Framework: Domain & Process, 2002.-

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Occupational Therapy Evaluation: Analysis of Occupational Performance "The progression in the assessment procedure amid which the customer\'s benefits, issues, or potential issues are all the more particularly distinguished. Real execution is frequently seen in setting to distinguish what underpins execution and what frustrates execution. Execution abilities. Execution examples, setting or connections, action requests, and customer variables are all considered, however just chose angles might be particularly evaluated. Focused on results are distinguished." - The AOTA: OT Practice Framework: Domain & Process, 2002.-

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Occupational Therapy Evaluation Process Elements Areas of Occupation: ADL = self-care exercises (bathe/dress/encourage/latrine) IADL = home mgt (cook/clean/clothing), monetary mgt, childcare, driving, shopping Education Work Play/Leisure Social Participation

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Performance Skills and Patterns Motor Skills Process Skills Communication/Interaction Skills Habits Routines Roles Contexts Cultural Physical Social Personal Spiritual Temporal Virtual Occupational Therapy Evaluation Process Elements

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Occupational Therapy Evaluation Process Elements Activity Demands Objects utilized and Their Properties Space Demands Social Demands Sequencing and Timing Required Actions Required Body Functions Required Body Structures Patient/Client Factors Body Functions Body Structures

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OT/PT Intervention Overlap Therapeutic activity Gross engine coordination Functional preparing in self-care, home, group, or work reintegration Manual treatment systems to incorporate joint activation Therapeutic back rub Prescription, application, and creation of assistive and versatile orthotic, prosthetic, defensive and steady gadgets and hardware Wound consideration and Debridement (mechanical, sharp, concoction) Physical Agent Modalities (requires extra preparing) Ergonomics Patient related direction

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OT Specific Interventions Functional preparing in self-care, youngster care, home administration, recreation, group, and work reintegration Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) Energy protection/work improvement (ECWS) and Ergonomic strategies through individual and ecological adjustment Therapeutic Activities Fine Motor Coordination and penmanship Communication and Assistive Technology Neurological/Cognitive: memory, visual-perceptual, tactile combination, psychosocial abilities Mental wellbeing mediations Driver Rehabilitation Fall Prevention through natural adjustment

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Occupational Therapy References American Occupational Therapy Association –AOTA- Occupational Therapy Seeker

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Speech Language Pathology

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What do Speech and Language Pathologists do? Assess , Diagnose and Treat discourse, dialect, intellectual correspondence and gulping issue in people of any age. Moreover, discourse dialect pathologists may : Teach in post-auxiliary projects. Oversee offices, facilities, associations, or private practices. Conduct research in human correspondence forms. Oversee and coordinate clinical or government funded school programs. Grow new SLP techniques and items.

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What are discourse and dialect issue? Discourse and dialect issue influence one\'s capacity to talk , comprehend , read , and compose . Such disarranges have diverse causes, and may extend from a couple discourse sound blunders to an aggregate loss of the capacity to impart viably.

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"[Speech Language Pathologists] know how vital clear correspondence is to wellbeing and prosperity. [Speech Language Pathologists] see patients attempting to talk, to listen, to comprehend essential wellbeing data. … As correspondence experts, [Speech Language Pathologists] have a huge pertinence to what we do and how we do it." RADM Ken Moritsugu, at the time Acting U.S. Top health spokesperson: Address to discourse dialect pathologists at the American Speech-Language Hearing Association\'s Health Care Conference, 2007.

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what number people have discourse and dialect issue? The commonness of discourse sound issue in youthful youngsters is 8-9% . By the main evaluation, approximately 5% of kids have observable discourse issue; the greater part of these discourse issue have no known cause. Somewhere around 6 and 8 million individuals in the United States have some type of dialect weakness. Around one million individuals in the United States have aphasia (fractional or complete weakness of dialect understanding and expression brought about by cerebrum harm, frequently from stroke). Roughly 80,000 people gain aphasia every year. It is assessed that more than 3 million Americans stammer. Roughly 7.5 million individuals in the United States have a voice issue. Voice issue influence as much as 10% of the U.S. populace. Source: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD )

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Speech Fluency issue Articulation issue Voice issue and Alternative types of Phanation: esophageal discourse, electrolarynx, and so forth for people who have experienced a fractional or aggregate laryngectomy.

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Language 1. Type of Language 2. Substance of Language 3.  Function of Language issue may include: Impaired dialect development  Aphasia  Auditory preparing issue Cognitive-correspondence disorders  consideration, memory, dynamic thinking, mindfulness, and official capacities (e.g., self-observing, arranging and critical thinking).

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Alzheimer\'s Disease "Around 5 million Americans have AD, a number anticipated to be 14 million by 2050 unless a cure is found." "An expected one-fourth of the 5 million influenced people toward the end of the momentum decade will be individuals from racial or ethnic minority populaces." - Enwefa, Regina, Director/Coordinator of Preschool specialized curriculum Programs at Canton Public School and Enwafa, Stephen, Associate educator at Jackson State University.-

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