Methamphetamine and the Work Place North Dakota Office of the Attorney General Wayne Stenehjem Attorney GeneralSlide 2
Clandestine Methamphetamine LabSlide 3
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History of Methamphetamine 1887: Amphetamine was initially orchestrated by German physicist L. Edeleano. Amphetamine is utilized as a part of the therapeutic treatment of Narcolepsy, Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) Obesity control, and for expanded vitality.Slide 25
History of Methamphetamine 1919: Methamphetamine was initially orchestrated by Japanese physicist A. Ogata. 1965: The United States Congress make Methamphetamine and Amphetamine a Schedule II drug, making it unlawful to have unless a man has a solution.Slide 26
History of Methamphetamine 1960\'s: Outlaw Biker Groups control the unlawful creation of Methamphetamine, using the P2P strategy for generation and advertised it as a little white "Cross-Top" pill. 1960\'s: Saw the principal testing of the effects of Methamphetamine misuse on the human cerebrum and body.Slide 27
History of Methamphetamine 1980\'s: There was a pattern to move far from the utilization of the pill frame, and market in a powder structure. 1980\'s: Methamphetamine starts to surpass Cocaine as the stimulant of decision. 1980\'s: There is a movement from the P2P technique to the Ephedrine-Reduction strategy for creation.Slide 28
History of Methamphetamine 1980\'s: Control of the illicit generation and appropriation of Methamphetamine starts to move from the Outlaw Biker Groups to Mexican Nationals. The Mexican Nationals can deliver bigger amounts of higher quality Methamphetamine, however the Outlaw Biker Groups still control the conveyance of Methamphetamine in the United States.Slide 29
History of Methamphetamine 1990\'s-available: Mexican Nationals have assumed control over the creation and circulation of Methamphetamine in the United States. The unlawful creation and utilization of Methamphetamine, in the Midwest has expanded definitely, in the previous 10 years.Slide 30
North Dakota Statistics Methamphetamine tests dissected by the State Crime Lab: 1993: 65 1994: 85 1995: 218 1996: 304 1997: 450Slide 31
North Dakota Statistics Methamphetamine tests broke down by the State Crime Lab: 1998: 413 1999: 494 2000: 1218 2001: 1505 2002: 767 (To Date)Slide 32
North Dakota Statistics In 2000, interestingly the North Dakota State Crime Lab investigated more Methamphetamine tests then Marijuana tests. 1979-80: First examination and seizure of an Amphetamine lab in North Dakota. 1985: First examination and seizure of a Methamphetamine lab in North Dakota.Slide 33
North Dakota Statistics Methamphetamine Labs Seized: 1995: 3 1996: 4 1997: 1 1998: 5 1999: 17Slide 34
North Dakota Statistics North Dakota Statistics: Methamphetamine Labs Seized: 2000: 46 2001: 89 2002: 135 (To Date) In 2001, roughly 24% of the cases that the NDBCI explored were Methamphetamine related.Slide 35
North Dakota StatisticsSlide 36
North Dakota Statistics Of the 89 Methamphetamine labs seized in 2001, 84 (94%) were the Lithium-Reduction (Nazi) Method. Of the 89 Methamphetamine labs seized in 2001, 52 (58%) were situated in the urban ranges, while 37 (42 %) were found in the rustic region.Slide 37
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Methods of Ingestion/Onset: 1) Orally: 20-30 minutes 2) Inhalation: 1-5 minutes 3) Injection: Intravenously: 5-7 seconds Intramuscularly: 1-5 minutes Subcutaneous: 1-5 minutes 4) Smoking: 4-6 seconds The impacts of Methamphetamine HCL will last roughly 2-3 hours, and perhaps recognized in pee 48-72 hours after use.Slide 38
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Methamphetamine is to a great degree effective and addictive focal sensory system stimulant, that likewise influences the cardiovascular framework. Unending Methamphetamine mishandle forever harms the joy focus of the cerebrum, so that the best way to experience delight would be the proceeded with misuse.Slide 39
Methamphetamine PharmacologySlide 40
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Central Nervous System Effects: Euphoria Increased Alertness Increased Energy Shakes or Tremors Twitching Dilated Pupils Convulsions SeizuresSlide 41
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Cardiovascular Systems Effects: Increased Pulse Increased Blood Pressure Increased Heart Rate Increased Body Temperature Increased Respiration Cardiac Arrhythmia Stroke Heart AttackSlide 42
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Other Symptoms/Effects: Insomnia Aggressive/Violent Behavior Irritability Severe Mood Swings Nervous/Anxious Behavior Paranoid Schizophrenia/PsychosisSlide 43
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Other Symptoms/Effects: Other Psychological Problems Auditory/Visual Hallucinations Clinical Depression False Sense of Power/Confidence Suppressed Appetite/Weight Loss FaintingSlide 44
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Other Symptoms/Effects: Impotence Body Odor/Increased Sweating Dry Mouth Dry/Itchy Skin Acne/Sores Pale SkinSlide 45
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Other Symptoms/Effects: Retraction/Bleeding of Gum Tissue Teeth Loss Increased Urine Output Numbness Tingling Sensations Constant "Electric Buzz" in EarsSlide 46
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Long Term Effects: Fatal Kidney/Lung Damage Possible Brain Damage Clinical Depression Recurring Hallucinations Violent/Aggressive Behavior Weight Loss/Weight GainSlide 47
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Long Term Effects: Insomnia Permanent Psychological Problems Paranoid Schizophrenia/Psychosis Lowered Resistance To Illness Liver Damage StrokeSlide 48
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Long Term Effects: Hepatitis A, B, & C HIV/AIDS (Needle Usage) Permanent Damage to the Pleasure Center Of The Brain Disorganized Lifestyle/Social Life DeathSlide 49
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Overdose Symptoms: Seizures Convulsions Stroke Heart Attack Coma DeathSlide 50
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Withdrawal Symptoms: Severe Cravings Insomnia/Exhaustion Intense Restlessness Severe Depression Mental Confusion Extreme HungerSlide 51
Methamphetamine Pharmacology Withdrawal Symptoms: Psychotic Reactions Anxiety ReactionsSlide 52
Methamphetamine PharmacologySlide 53
Methamphetamine PharmacologySlide 54
Methamphetamine ManufacturingSlide 55
Methamphetamine ManufacturingSlide 56
Methamphetamine Manufacturing There is around 48 distinct techniques to illicitly fabricate Methamphetamine. The "Super Labs" in California and Arizona use the Ephedrine-Reduction or Red Phosphorous Method, that produce 100-200 Lbs for every "Cook". Roughly 95% of the labs seized in North Dakota use the Lithium-Reduction ("Nazi") Method.Slide 57
Methamphetamine Manufacturing Lithium-Reduction ("Nazi") Method is the speediest and most straightforward approach to fabricate Methamphetamine. Around 70-80% of the Ephedrine utilized is changed over into Methamphetamine using the Lithium-Reduction ("Nazi") Method, giving the best yield of any technique.Slide 58
Methamphetamine Manufacturing For every pound of completed Methamphetamine that is delivered, the creation procedure produces five (5)- six (6) pounds of waste by-item. This by-item should be taken care of as dangerous waste and be discarded by and OSHA models.Slide 59
Methamphetamine Manufacturing Because of these EPA and OSHA rules, it turns out to be to a great degree expensive to tidy up undercover lab locales. Since each covert lab site is viewed as risky, it must be taken care of by and discarded by ensured perilous material transfer organizations.Slide 60
Methamphetamine Manufacturing Common family things utilized as a part of the assembling of Methamphetamine: Ephedrine/Pseudoephedrine Lithium Batteries Anhydrous Ammonia Rock Salt Sulfuric Acid Muriatic AcidSlide 61
Methamphetamine Manufacturing Common family things utilized as a part of the assembling of Methamphetamine: Coleman (Camp Stove) Fuel Acetone Ether Toluene Naptha Fuel Starting FluidSlide 62
Methamphetamine Manufacturing Common family unit things utilized as a part of the assembling of Methamphetamine: "Heet" Kerosene Lacquer/Paint Thinner Mineral Spirits Iodine Red PhosphorousSlide 63
Methamphetamine Manufacturing Common family things utilized as a part of the assembling of Methamphetamine: Aluminum Foil Red Devil Lye Drano Freon Pie Plates/Pyrex Cookware Mason JarsSlide 64
Methamphetamine Manufacturing Common family things utilized as a part of the assembling of Methamphetamine: Plastic/Vinyl Tubing Funnels Coffee Filters Sport Bottles Spoons Pressure CookerSlide 65
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