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MICROKELVIN. EUROPEAN MICROKELVIN COLLABORATION 1.4. 2009 – 31.3. 2013 Professor Mikko Paalanen Aalto University Finland. MICROKELVIN. EU-funded network of 12 European low temperature laboratories FP7 Capacities Specific Programme Research Infrastructures EU Call
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MICROKELVIN EUROPEAN MICROKELVIN COLLABORATION 1.4. 2009 – 31.3. 2013 Professor Mikko Paalanen Aalto University Finland QFS2010

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MICROKELVIN EU-subsidized system of 12 European low temperature labs FP7 Capacities Specific Program Research Infrastructures EU Call INFRA-2008-1.1.1 Bottom-up methodology: Integrating Activities in all investigative and innovative fields ~ 150 applications 29 supported QFS2010

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MICROKELVIN PARTICIPATING INSTITUTE SCIENTIFIC REPRESENTATIVE 1. Aalto University Mikko Paalanen 2. Focus National de la Recherche Scientifique, Grenoble Henri Godfrin 3. Lancaster University George Pickett 4. Ruprecht-Karls-Universitaet Heidelberg Christian Enss 5. Imperial Holloway and Bedford New College John Saunders 6. Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa Francesco Giazotto 7. Ustav Experimentalnej Fyziky Slovenskej Akademie Vied Peter Skyba 8. Universitaet Basel Dominik Zumb ü hl 9. Technische Universiteit Delft Teun Klapwijk 10. BlueFors Cryogenics Rob Blaauwgeers 11. Universiteit Leiden Tjerk Oosterkamp 12. Physicalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Berlin Thomas Schu ri g QFS2010

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A ! QFS2010

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WEB-SITE http://www.microkelvin.eu/QFS2010

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European Commission General Assembly Management Office Project organizing individual Administrator Web-officer Legal counselor Project planning individual Management Committee Advisory Board NA-TEAM Coordinator Dissemination Committee JRA-TEAM Coordinator TA-TEAM Coordinator Selection Panel JRA1 Activity TA1 Activity NA1 Activity JRA2 Activity TA2 Activity NA2 Activity JRA3 Activity TA3 Activity NA3 Activity NA4 Activity JRA4 Activity MICROKELVIN Management structure QFS2010

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MICROKELVIN Activities and spending plans TOTAL BUDGET 5 396 177,40 € (EU-financing 4 199 988,50 €) MANAGEMENT NA1: Managing MICROKELVIN Collaboration (Tentative spending plan 260 800 € ) NETWORKING ACTIVITIES (Tentative spending plan 779 680 €) NA2: Coordination of transnational access NA3: Knowledge and innovation exchange NA4: Strengthening European low temperature research TRANSNATIONAL ACCESS ACTIVITIES (Tentative spending 1 290 897 €) TA1: Access to TKK TA2: Access to CNRS TA3: Access to ULAN C JOINT RESEARCH ACTIVITIES (Tentative spending 3 064 800 €) JRA1: Opening microkelvin administration to nanoscience JRA2 : Ultralow temperature nanorefrigerator JRA3 : Attacking essential material science questions by μ K dense matter examinations JRA4: Novel techniques and gadgets for ultra low temperature estimations QFS2010

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MICROKELVIN TRANSNATIONAL ACCESS ACTIVITIES MICROKELVIN will offer access to microkelvin fridges AALTO Espoo, Finland 27 guest months 18 users 14 ventures CNRS Grenoble, France 27 guest months 18 users 14 ventures ULANC Lancaster, UK 27 guest months 18 users 14 ventures MICROKELVIN will open microkelvin administration for nanoscientists AALTO Micronova, Finland 100 guest hours 5 users 5 ventures MICROKELVIN will bolster the clients of the foundation Scientific bolster Logistic and specialized bolster Outreach to new clients QFS2010

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MICROKELVIN TRANSNATIONAL ACCESS ACTIVITIES MICROKELVIN will pay travel and lodging expences to the guests outlay to the guests to cover their different expences access charge to the host establishment (around 9 000 €/guest month) Access expense covers rent of the office pay rates of the bolster work force consumables QFS2010

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MICROKELVIN TRANSNATIONAL ACCESS ACTIVITIES Selection Panel Mikko Paalanen (seat), Henri Godfrin, George Pickett, John Saunders, Peter Skyba, Jan Kees Maan, Per Delsing, Paul Leiderer and Rudolf Gross Selection Criteria The acknowledged trials need to speak to fabulous science with interesting objectives. They must be in fact possible for the accessible instruments in our offices. Exploratory and specialized advancement is normal. Inclination is given to first time clients from nations lacking low temperature office. Exceptional consideration will be paid to new EU-nations and youthful beginning teachers . QFS2010

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AALTO Low Temperature Laboratory EQUIPMENT OFFERED FOR ACCESS 1) a turning cryostat with a 300  K base temperature 2) a stationary cryostat with a 10  K base temperature 3) 2 cryostat with 20 mK base temperature 4) 2 cryostats with 20 mK base temperature, 24 hour cool down time to 100 mK temperature, and 0-10 GHz range for high frequency tests 5) magnetometer model MPMS 5T (Quantum Design), for quick susceptibility, magneto-and Hall resistance estimations at 1.6 - 400 K temperatures and 0 - 5 Tesla fields. Bolster PERSONNEL 2 specialists working in the machine shop 1 professional conveying the cryoliquids 1 boss architect responsible for the cryohall and the semi clean room QFS2010

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CNRS GRENOBLE Institute Néel EQUIPMENT OFFERED FOR ACCESS 1. The ultra-low temperature weakening cooler and atomic demagnetisation DN1 (100 μ K ), furnished with two diverse atomic stages (Lancaster-sort and lamellar sort) 2. The ultra-low temperature weakening cooler and atomic demagnetisation DN2 (100 μ K – in the blink of an eye being introduced - accessible end 2009) 3. The ultra-low temperature weakening fridge and atomic demagnetisation DN3 (100 μ K accessible toward the end of 2009 in the Canfranc underground site (LSC) for tests requiring great enormous beam protecting. 4. The high cooling power and low temperature weakening icebox DR1 (T < 5 mK) 5. The low temperature beat tube cooler based weakening fridge PT-DR3 (T < 8 mK) 6. The weakening fridge based 50 mK-STM office, 7. The weakening cooler based 100 mK-smaller scale SQUID office, 8. Access to the thermometric stage, to the low-field constant and beat NMR spectrometers, and auxiliary hardware. Bolster PERSONNEL 3 experts 1 boss architect 2 senior researchers DR1 1 researcher CR2 QFS2010

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LANCASTER UNIVERSITY Ultralow Temperature Laboratory EQUIPMENT OFFERED FOR ACCESS 1. Cryostat 4 chills superfluid 3He off to 100 μ K 2. Cryostat 2 chills superfluid 3He off to < 80 μ K, copper down to 10 μ K 3. Cryostat 5 chills superfluid 3He off to < 80 μ K, copper down to 6 μ K SUPPORT PERSONNEL 2 experts 1 senior researchers QFS2010

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MICROKELVIN Transnational Access Activities ACCEPTED PROJECTS 30.6. 2010 TA1 Aalto: 11 tasks TA2 CNRS: 4 ventures TA3 Lancaster: 2 ventures COMPLETED PROJECTS 30.6.2010 TA1 Aalto: 8 ventures 11.6 mo TA2 CNRS: 1 project 1.3 mo TA3 Lancaster: 2 projects 2.0 mo http://www.microkelvin.eu/venture exercises transnational.php QFS2010

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Joint Research Activity 2 (JRA2) Ultralow temperature nanorefrigerator AALTO, CNRS, RHUL, SNS, BASEL, DELFT Activity pioneer: Professor Jukka Pekola Objectives 1. Thermalizing and separating electrons in nanodevices 2. To build up an electronic nano-cooler that can achieve sub-10 mK electronic temperatures 3. To build up an electronic microrefrigerator for cooling galvanically secluded nanosamples AALTO and CNRS: nanorefrigeration by superconducting burrow intersections SNS: coolers in view of semiconductors (quantum wires and dabs) BASEL low temperature thermalization and sifting DELFT and RHUL: end clients of the nano-coolers QFS2010

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Task 1: Thermalizing electrons in nanorefrigerators (AALTO, CNRS, BASEL) Ex-chip separating: Sintered warmth exchangers in a 3He cell Lossy urges/strip lines, powder channels, ... On-chip separating: Lithographic on-chip sifting W. Container et al., PRL 83, 3530 (1999) A. Savin et al., APL 91, 063512 2007 QFS2010

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Task 2: Microkelvin nanocooler (AALTO, CNRS, SNS ) Aim is to create sub - 10 mK electronic cooler Normal metal – superconductor burrow intersections based enhanced coolers (AALTO, CNRS, DELFT) Towards lower T: Improved nature of passage intersections Thermometry at low T? Lower Tc superconductor Quasiparticle unwinding thinks about in sc and catching of qp:s Quantum spot cooler (SNS) QFS2010

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Task 3: Development of a 100 mK, electronically-cooled stage taking into account a 300 mK 3He shower (AALTO, CNRS, RHUL, DELFT) Commercial, powerful SiN layers (and uniquely crafted alumina) as stages (AALTO) Epitaxial substantial range intersections (CNRS) Optimized intersections (e-pillar and mechanical veils) RHUL and DELFT utilize these coolers for investigations on quantum gadgets QFS2010

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Deliverables Task 1 D1: Analysis of joined ex-chip and on-chip channel execution (18) D2: Demonstration of sub-10 mK electronic shower temperature of a nano-electronic passage intersection gadget accomplished by the created separating system (30) Task 2 D3: Analysis of sub-10 mK nano-cooling procedures including (i) conventional N-I-S cooler with low Tc , (ii) quantum speck cooler (24) D4: Demonstration of sub-10 mK nanocooling with a N-I-S intersection (48) Task 3 D5: Demonstration of 300 mK to around 50 mK cooling of a dielectric stage (36) D6: Demonstration of cooling-based enhanced affectability of a quantum locator (48) QFS2010

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MICROKELVIN JRA2 kick-off Ystad Sweden June 24, 2010 List of members: AALTO: Jukka Pekola, Matthias Meschke, Juha Muhonen, Simone Gasparinetti SNS: Francesco Giazotto, Panayotis Spathis,Orlando Quaranta DELFT: Eduard Driessen, Nathan Vercruyssen CNRS: Hervé Courtois, Laetitia Pascal, Hung Nguyen BASEL: Dominik Zumbuhl RHUL: Giovanna Tancredi QFS2010

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Achievements by July 2010 Task 1: AALTO: On-chip sifting stifles altogether spillage and dissemination in NIS intersections – hypothetical model created and test exhibition performed BASEL: Sophisticated microwave ex-chip sifting exhibits electron temperature of 18 mK Task 2: SNS: Quantum dab thermometry and warm transport measuremen

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