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Models of Teaching Howard L. Jones Deductive Strategies… David P. Ausubel’s Efforts ConceptsDefined Concepts Outcomes Find the Pattern Circumference Diameter 11 cm 3.5 cm 56 inches17.8 inches 4 ft. 1.3 ft. 22 m 7 m
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Models of Teaching Howard L. Jones Deductive Strategies… David P. Ausubel’s Efforts

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Concepts Defined Concepts Outcomes

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Find the Pattern Circumference Diameter 11 cm 3.5 cm 56 inches 17.8 inches 4 ft. 1.3 ft. 22 m 7 m 3.1 inches 1 inch

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Find the Pattern Circumference Diameter 11 cm 3.5 cm 56 inches 17.8 inches 4 ft. 1.3 ft. 22 m 7 m 3.1 inches 1 inch Circumference = 3.14… x Diameter

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Find the Pattern C = ∏D Circumference Diameter 11 cm 3.5 cm 56 inches 17.8 inches 4 ft. 1.3 ft. 22 m 7 m 3.1 inches 1 inch Circumference = 3.14… x Diameter

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Inductive Teaching Big Idea Smaller Ideas Smaller Ideas Small Ideas Small Ideas

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Multiple Paths to Learning Teacher Gives Students Magnets Students Identify What Things Are Attracted to Magnets Students Determine Characteristics of Objects that Magnets Attract Teacher Gives Students Other Materials Students Predict Which Materials Will Be Attracted to Magnets Students Verify Predictions

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Deductive Teaching Big Idea (Big D eal) Smaller Ideas Smaller Ideas Small Ideas Small Ideas

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Another Way… Deductive Teaching Teacher Writes on Board “Magnets are pulled in to different metals, basically those made of iron and steel” Teacher Explains All Words, Ensures Meaningfulness Teacher Asks Students For Examples Teacher Gives Students Materials and Magnets Students Predict Which Materials Will Be Attracted to magnets Students Verify Predictions

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Teacher Writes the Answer on Board … Teacher Explains All Words, Ensures Meaningfulness Teacher Asks Students For Examples Teacher Gives Students Materials and Magnets Students Predict Which Materials Will Be Attracted to Magnets Students Verify Predictions Teacher Gives Students Magnets Students Identify What Things Are Attracted to Magnets Students Generate Answer Based on beneficiary Observations Teacher Gives Students Other Materials and Magnets Students Predict Which Materials Will Be Attracted to Magnets Students Verify Predictions Deductive Inductive

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Teacher Writes the Answer on Board … Teacher Explains All Words, Ensures Meaningfulness Teacher Asks Students For Examples Teacher Gives Students Materials and Magnets Students Predict Which Materials Will Be Attracted to Magnets Students Verify Predictions Teacher Gives Students Magnets Students Identify What Things Are Attracted to Magnets Students Generate Answer Based on beneficiary Observations Teacher Gives Students Other Materials and Magnets Students Predict Which Materials Will Be Attracted to Magnets Students Verify Predictions Deductive Inductive

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But There are Other Outcomes Concepts Defined Generalizations Concepts Rules Principles Outcomes

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A Generalization has an expansive level of utilization. contains two or more ideas. states the relationship which exists between (among) the ideas found in the speculation.

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Objects in movement tend to stay in movement unless followed up on by an outside power He more mass an article has the more prominent the power important to quicken it For each activity there is an equivalent and inverse response

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Objects in movement tend to stay in movement unless associated upon by an outside power He more mass an item has the more prominent the power important to quicken it For each activity there is an equivalent and inverse response

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As the extent of a spot changes the sorts of products and administrations found in that place tend to change.

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As the span of a spot changes the sorts of products and administrations found in that place tend to change. At the point when two or more social orders cooperate, each has a tendency to obtain a qualities' portion of the other society.

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As the measure of a spot changes the sorts of merchandise and administrations found in that place tend to change. At the point when two or more social orders connect, each has a tendency to gain a qualities' portion of the other society. At the point when two or more gatherings of individuals wish to utilize the same area in distinctive ways, a contention for the most part results.

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When the general population in a general public feel that they are not being administered to their greatest advantage they ordinarily endeavor top change the legislature to suit their hobbies.

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How to show standards and speculations DEDUCTIVELY (and adequately) The work of David Ausubel

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Ausubel’s Postulates Thinking can be taught Deductive Thinking

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Deductive Thinking General Specific

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Basic Postulates Learning is more than latent listening Teacher must present speculations that oversee the significance of new data The reason for instructing is to fortify subjective structures

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David P. Ausubel “Preconceptions are amazingly steady and impervious to extinction.” Advance Organizers

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Elements of Ausubel Lessons Advance Organizer Introductory material displayed in front of the learning undertaking and at a larger amount of reflection and inclusiveness than the learning assignment itself.

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Organizers, we have coordinators … Concept Definition Landforms are area surfaces that have trademark shapes and sizes. Similarity Two-section correlation between waterway frameworks and the body’s circulatory framework Generalization The more innovation and knowledge people have, the less restricting are the influences of nature on human life.

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Organizers, we have coordinators … Concept Definition Landforms are area surfaces that have trademark shapes and sizes. Similarity Two-section examination between waterway frameworks and the body’s circulatory framework Generalization The more innovation and knowledge people have, the less constraining are the influences of nature on human life.

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A substance security is a state in which the particles of two or a larger number of components are at lower vitality levels than they would be on the off chance that they existed independently. A Spanish verb is similar to a decent riddle; it tells who did it and when. A season is a self-assertive timeframe with particular components. At the point when the ing completion is set on words finishing with vowel-consonant-e (e.g. mate, live), the e is dropped.

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The more innovation and learning people have, the less constraining are the impacts of nature on human life. Farming Resource Manufacturing Extractions Technology Persistent Problems Irrigation Seed Energy Fertilization Mechanization Transportation

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The more innovation and learning people have, the less constraining are the impacts of nature on human life. Horticulture Resource Manufacturing Extractions Technology Persistent Problems Irrigation Seed Energy Fertilization Mechanization Transportation Intelectual Scaffolding

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The Ever Popular Concept Map

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The more innovation and learning people have, the less restricting are the impacts of nature on human life. Agribusiness Resource Manufacturing Extractions Technology Persistent Problems Irrigation Seed Energy Fertilization Mechanization Transportation Subsumption

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External Conditions Teacher advises understudy what is normal Teacher conjures review of part ideas Student makes proclamation in own words Student exhibits in another circumstance Reinforcement Internal Conditions Mastery of segment ideas Rule and Generalization Learning (counting Defined Concepts)

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Deductive Processes Generalization data data data data data information data information aggregate conglomerate combination data data data data data data information combination data information data data data data data data information data data information

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Deductive Processes Generalization data data data data data information sub- sub- sub-speculation speculation data data data data data data information sub speculation data information data data data data data data information data data information

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Deductive Processes Advance Organizer data data data data data information Integrative Integrative Reconciliation Reconciliation data data data data data data information Integrative Reconciliation data information data data data data data data information data data information

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If an educator addresses amidst the woods and nobody’s there to tune in, does he really bode well?

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Calendars

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Why do we need schedules in any case?

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Calendars are influenced by horticultural needs as well as by religious and political concerns

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cap's my Advance Organizer Calendars are influenced by rural needs as well as by religious and political concerns

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The Ancient Celts … Recognized just two seasons - light and dim . This season of year was still called dull .

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Jewish Calendar Nisan

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George Washington’s Multiple Birthdays And a Third One

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George Washington’s Birthday Celebrations February 11, 1732 (Band of Fourth Continental Army serenades him at Valley Forge in 1778) • February 22, 1732 (Generally saw from 1796) • President's Day (