Morals Before Darwin.


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Morals Before Darwin Human Poise The Thought of Human Pride Human life is holy. We should ensure human life and admiration the lives and hobbies of individuals. Nonhuman life is not consecrated. We might utilize creatures as we see fit. Aristotle (384-322 BC)
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Morals Before Darwin

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Human Dignity The Idea of Human Dignity Human life is consecrated. We must ensure human life and admiration the lives and hobbies of people. Nonhuman life is not holy. We may utilize creatures as we see fit.

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Aristotle (384-322 BC) To comprehend anything, ask four inquiries: 1. What is it? 2. What is it made of? 3. Where did it originate from? 4. What is its motivation?

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[W]e must trust, first that plants exist for the purpose of creatures, second that every single other creature exist for the purpose of man, agreeable creatures for the utilization he can make of them and in addition for the nourishment they give; and with respect to wild creatures, most however not these can be utilized for sustenance or are helpful in different ways; attire and instruments can be made out of them. On the off chance that then we are right in trusting that nature makes nothing without some end in perspective, nothing for no reason, it must be that nature has made all things particularly for the purpose of man . - Aristotle, Physics

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And God said, Let us make man in our picture, after our resemblance: and let them have domain over the ocean\'s fish, and over the air\'s fowl, and over the cows, and over all the earth, and over each inching thing that creepeth upon the earth. (Genesis 1:26)

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The Greeks and Romans • endorsed child murder • sanction suicide • affirmed kindness slaughtering • affirmed battle • endorsed executions The early Christians . . . censured all slaughtering of individuals. • murder • child murder • suicide • leniency killing • the death penalty • killing by troopers

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Some time around 325 AD, something happened. The Roman Emperor, Constantine, turns into a Christian.

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murder child murder suicide leniency executing the death penalty officers in fight Acceptable killings Unacceptable killings

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St. Augustine (354-430) The deliberate murdering of blameless people is never right.

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What about executing in self-protection? Augustine: Although the state may slaughter to protect itself, people may not. St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) Killing of need, in individual self-protection, is not the deliberate murdering of the blameless, and it is allowed.

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Aquinas on nonhuman creatures: Hereby is negated the blunder of the individuals who said it is corrupt for a man to slaughter stupid creatures: for by awesome provision they are expected for man’s use in the common request. Subsequently it is no wrong for man to make utilization of them, either by murdering them or in some other way whatever.

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Aquinas once more: If any entries of Holy Writ appear to restrict us to be brutal to stupid creatures, for occurrence to execute a fowl with its young: this is either to expel man’s contemplations from being unfeeling to other men, and keeping in mind that through being barbarous to creatures one gets to be coldblooded to people: or on the grounds that damage to a creature prompts the fleeting hurt of man, either the deed\'s practitioner, or of another.

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Rene Descartes (1596-1650) Animals can\'t think; they have no cognizant encounters; they don\'t even feel torment.

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An individual has two sections:

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They regulated beatings to canines with impeccable lack of concern, and ridiculed the individuals who felt sorry for the animals as though they felt torment. They said the creatures were timekeepers; that the cries they discharged when struck were just the commotion of a bit of spring that had been touched, however that the entire body was without feeling. They nailed poor creatures up on sheets by their four paws to vivisect them and see the blood\'s flow which was an awesome subject of discussion. - Nicholas Font

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