Names, Ideas, Codes and Bunches of Perplexity.


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In Zoology: Anthias ventralis Rand. Anthias hawaiiensis Lub. ... In Zoology: Anthias ventralis Randall 1979 = Anthias hawaiiensis Lubbock 1985 ...
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Names, Concepts, Codes and Lots of Confusion An Introduction to Taxonomic Names of Organisms Richard L. Pyle Bishop Museum, Honolulu Taxonomic Databases Working Group Fremantle, 19 October 2008

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"A vital abhorrence." - Randall Kosaki Taxonomy is... "The never-ending renaming of mis-named species."

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Images: Biodiversity Heritage Library

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Image: Biodiversity Heritage Library Carolus Linnaeus 1707-1778 Image: Wikimedia Commons

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Codes of Nomenclature International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) Governs logical names of plants and growths First settled in 1867, and formalized in 1930 Fixes 1 May 1753 as official begin (Linnaeus\' Species Plantarum ) Governed by the International Botanical Congress (IBC) Managed by the International Association for Plant Taxonomy Updated at regular intervals at the IBC (as of now 2006 Vienna Code; next version 2011) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature Governs exploratory names of creatures First settled in 1895 Fixes 1 January 1758 as official begin (Linnaeus\' Systema Naturae ) Governed by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) Managed by a Secretariat Updated as required (at present 4 th Edition; 5 th Edition in early drafting stage) International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (ICNB) Governs investigative names of microscopic organisms Initial bacteriological code in 1947 disposed of, and ICNB built up in 1980 Fixes 1 January 1980 as official begin Governed by the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes (ICSP) International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP) International Society for Phylogenetic Nomenclature (ISPN)

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Pomacanthus imperator Holacanthus bishopi Why all the Fuss? Better Communication! Various Names for the Same Organism (Synonyms)

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Centropyge flavissima Centropyge flavissima Why all the Fuss? Better Communication! Numerous Names for the Same Organism (Synonyms) Pomacanthus imperator = Holacanthus bishopi Same Name for Multiple Organisms (Homonyms)

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Centropyge flavissima Why all the Fuss? Better Communication! Numerous Names for the Same Organism (Synonyms) Pomacanthus imperator = Holacanthus bishopi Same Name for Multiple Organisms (Homonyms) Centropyge heraldi = Centropyge flavissima

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What Is a Name? What\'s In a Name? "Name" as Text String: 13 Anthias Pseudanthias Anthias ( Pseudanthias ) Anthias ventralis Anthias hawaiiensis Anthias ( Pseudanthias ) ventralis Anthias ( Pseudanthias ) hawaiiensis Pseudanthias ventralis Pseudanthias hawaiiensis Pseudanthias ventralis Pseudanthias ventralis hawaiiensis Pseudanthias ( Pseudanthias ) ventralis Pseudanthias ( Pseudanthias ) ventralis hawaiiensis "Name" sensu Botany: 9 "Name" sensu Zoology: 4 Anthias Pseudanthias ventralis hawaiiensis

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The Concept of Authorship In Zoology: Anthias ventralis Randall 1979 Anthias hawaiiensis Lubbock 1985 Pseudanthias ventralis (Randall 1979) Pseudanthias hawaiiensis (Lubbock 1985) Anthias ventralis Randall 1979 ex Thompson In Botany: Anthias ventralis Rand. Anthias hawaiiensis Lub. Pseudanthias ventralis (Rand.) R.Pyle Pseudanthias hawaiiensis (Lub.) R.Pyle Anthias ventralis Thomp. ex Rand.

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Infraspecifc Ranks In Zoology: Anthias ventralis Randall 1979 Anthias hawaiiensis Lubbock 1985 Pseudanthias ventralis (Randall 1979) Pseudanthias hawaiiensis (Lubbock 1985) Anthias ventralis Randall 1979 ex Thompson 1950 Anthias ventralis hawaiiensis Lubbock 1985 In Botany: Anthias ventralis Rand. Anthias hawaiiensis Lub. Pseudanthias ventralis (Rand.) R.Pyle Pseudanthias hawaiiensis (Lub.) R.Pyle Anthias ventralis Thomp. ex Rand. Anthias ventralis subsp. hawaiiensis (Lub.) J.Smith Anthias ventralis var. hawaiiensis (Lub.) B.Jones Anthias ventralis subsp. hawaiiensis var. typus (Br.) Rand. Anthias ventralis subsp. typus (Br.) R.Pyle Anthias hawaiiensis subsp. typus (L.) R.Pyle

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The Concept of Basionym In Zoology: Anthias ventralis Randall 1979 Anthias hawaiiensis Lubbock 1985 Pseudanthias ventralis (Randall 1979) Pseudanthias hawaiiensis (Lubbock 1985) In Botany: Anthias ventralis Rand. Anthias hawaiiensis Lub. Pseudanthias ventralis (Rand.) R.Pyle Pseudanthias hawaiiensis (Lub.) R.Pyle

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More Confusing Differences In Zoology: In Botany: "Accessible" "Legitimately Published" "Substantial" "Right Name" "Junior Synonym" "Homotypic Synonym" "Senior Synonym" "Heteroptypic Synonym" Anthias ventralis Randall 1979 = Anthias hawaiiensis Lubbock 1985 Pseudanthias ventralis (Rand.) R.Pyle = Anthias ventralis Rand. = Anthias hawaiiensis Lub.

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Holacanthus fisheri Snyder 1904 HOLOTYPE: USNM 50881 Holacanthus fisheri Snyder 1904 SEC Snyder 1904 The World of Taxonomy The Real World

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Holacanthus acanthops Norman 1922 SEC Norman 1922 Holacanthus fisheri Snyder 1904 HOLOTYPE: USNM 50881 Holacanthus acanthops Norman 1922 HOLOTYPE: BMNH 1922.1.13.38

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Xiphypops Jordan 1922 TYPE SPECIES: Holacanthus fisheri Snyder 1904 Xiphypops fisheri (Snyder 1904) SEC Jordan 1922 = Holacanthus fisheri Snyder 1904 SEC Snyder 1904 Xiphypops fisheri (Snyder 1904) Holacanthus fisheri Snyder 1904 HOLOTYPE: USNM 50881 Holacanthus acanthops Norman 1922 HOLOTYPE: BMNH 1922.1.13.38

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Centropyge flavicauda Fraser-Brunner 1933 SEC Fraser-Brunner 1933 Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904) SEC Fraser-Brunner 1933 = Holacanthus fisheri Snyder 1904 SEC Snyder 1904 = Xiphypops fisheri (Snyder 1904) SEC Jordan 1922 Centropyge acanthops (Norman 1922) SEC Fraser-Brunner 1933 = Holacanthus acanthops Norman 1922 SEC Norman 1922 Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904) Xiphypops fisheri (Snyder 1904) Centropyge acanthops (Norman 1922) Holacanthus fisheri Snyder 1904 HOLOTYPE: USNM 50881 Holacanthus acanthops Norman 1922 HOLOTYPE: BMNH 1922.1.13.38 Centropyge flavicauda Fraser-Brunner 1933 HOLOTYPE: BMNH 1894.4.24.4

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Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904) SEC Pyle 2003 > Holacanthus fisheri Snyder 1904 SEC Snyder 1904 > Xiphypops fisheri (Snyder 1904) SEC Jordan 1922 > Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904) SEC Fraser-Brunner 1933 > Centropyge flavicauda Fraser-Brunner 1933 SEC Fraser-Brunner 1933 = Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904) SEC Fraser-Brunner 1933 + Centropyge flavicauda Fraser-Brunner 1933 SEC Fraser-Brunner 1933 Centropyge acanthops (Norman 1922) SEC Pyle 2003 = Holacanthus acanthops Norman 1922 SEC Norman 1922 = Centropyge acanthops (Norman 1922) SEC Fraser-Brunner 1933 Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904) Xiphypops fisheri (Snyder 1904) Centropyge acanthops (Norman 1922) Holacanthus fisheri Snyder 1904 HOLOTYPE: USNM 50881 Holacanthus acanthops Norman 1922 HOLOTYPE: BMNH 1922.1.13.38 Centropyge flavicauda Fraser-Brunner 1933 HOLOTYPE: BMNH 1894.4.24.4

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Taxon Names and Databases Specimen Database Taxon Name Authority

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Taxon Names and Databases Specimen Database Taxon Name Authority

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Taxon Names and Databases Specimen Database Taxon Name Authority Determination

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fisheri caudoxanthorus flavicauda acanthops 1 4 3 2 Taxon Concepts Taxon Names Publications PID Citation CID NID PID Full Name NID NameElement 1 Snyder 1904 10 1 Holacanthus fisheri Snyder 1904 1 fisheri Snyder 2 Norman 1922 2 acanthops Norman 11 2 Holacanthus acanthops Norman 1922 3 Jordan 1922 3 flavicauda Fra.- Br. 12 1 3 Xiphypops fisheri Snyder 1904 4 Fra.- Br. 1933 4 caudoxanthourus Shen . 13 3 4 Centropyge flavicauda Fra.- Br. 1933 5 Shen 1973 14 1 4 Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904) 6 Allen 1980 15 2 4 Centropyge acanthops (Norman 1922) 7 Smith 1985 16 4 5 Centropyge caudoxanthourus Shen 1973 8 Pyle 2003 17 3 6 Centropyge flavicauda Fra.- Br. 1933 9 Schindler , 2004 18 4 6 = Centropyge caudoxanthourus Shen 1973 19 3 7 Centropyge flavicauda Fra.- Br. 1933 20 1 8 Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904) 21 2 8 = Centropyge flavicauda Fra.- Br. 1933 22 3 8 = Centropyge caudoxanthourus Shen 1973 23 4 8 Centropyge acanthops (Norman 1922) 24 1 9 Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904)

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Taxon Concept Authority Specimen Database Determination Publication Authority

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