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National Mortality Data Set.


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National Mortality Data Set Kenneth D. Kochanek Mortality Statistics Branch Division of Vital Statistics National Center for Health Statistics Data Users Conference July 12-14, 2004 Presentation Outline National Vital Statistics System Nature of the System – Decentralized
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National Mortality Data Set Kenneth D. Kochanek Mortality Statistics Branch Division of Vital Statistics National Center for Health Statistics Data Users Conference July 12-14, 2004

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Presentation Outline National Vital Statistics System Nature of the System – Decentralized Role of the States Role of NCHS Role of the World Health Organization (WHO) Mortality Data Underlying Cause-of-Death Data Advantages of Underlying Cause-of-Death Data Limitations of Underlying Cause-of-Death Data Multiple Cause-of-Death Data Entity Axis Applications Record Axis Applications Electronic Death Certificate Data Dissemination

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The National Vital Statistics System is decentralized There are no laws at the national level obliging the gathering of key insights information Statistics that are delivered by NCHS depend on data got from endorsements documented in the States where occasions happen Cooperation in the middle of NCHS and the States is administered by contracts of assention Nature of the National Vital Statistics System SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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State laws oversee documenting of declarations and reports States create their own particular authentications and reports States code the data Vital Statistics Cooperative Program (VSCP) Availability of testaments and reports Role of States SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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To arrange and distribute national and sub-national basic insights To advance soundness and consistency of the information gathered through the VSCP Role of NCHS SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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Model law Handbooks Training and guideline manuals Various productions Standard authentications and reports Quality control Promote Data Quality SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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Mortality Data Mortality measurements depend on data from the pretty nearly 2.3 million demise authentications recorded every year in the 50 States and the District of Columbia The Death Certificate fills two altogether different needs

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An authoritative archive with respect to the realities and circumstances of a passing A factual asset giving data on attributes of the decedent Death Certificate SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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Promoting institutionalization of mortality measurements through the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) Compiling global mortality insights Role of World Health Organization SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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Provides standard definitions Prescribes the configuration for reason for death data on the passing declaration Describes how demise authentication ought to be finished Provides rules for selecting the hidden reason for death Role of ICD SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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“The sickness or harm which started the chain of dismal occasions driving straightforwardly to death, or The mischance's circumstances or brutality that created the lethal injury.” Underlying Cause of Death SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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ACME: Automated Classification of Medical Entities TRANSAX: Translation of Axes MICAR: Mortality Medical Indexing, Classification and Retrieval SuperMICAR Computer Software SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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Simple and one dimensional Conceptually straightforward Well-acknowledged measure of mortality Useful to general wellbeing authorities Advantages of Underlying Cause of Death SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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Only one illness chose Arbitrary determination Excludes data Certifier slip-ups Only in the same class as the data on the passing testament Limitations of Underlying Cause of Death SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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Portrays the quantity of passings in which a given condition is a noteworthy component adding to death, if reported Portrays the Interaction of maladies Contains two fields: Record Axis Entity Axis Multiple Cause of Death SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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Relationships among conditions Accuracy of affirmation reporting Testing customary suspicions of fundamental reason choice Entity Axis Applications SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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Classifiable in way like the basic reason for death Best representation of ICD codes Record Axis Applications SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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Certifier and burial service executive information section in electronic structure, including prompts instructional exercises questioning for fragmented or uninformative terms questioning for impossible reason for death successions Electronic Death Certificate (EDC) SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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Preliminary Report Final Report Monthly National Vital Statistics Reports Special reports Public utilization small scale information – CD-ROM Confidentiality Data Dissemination SOURCE: CDC/NCHS

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CD-ROM’s Mortality Public Use Data Sets ASCII Dump CD-ROM’s 1968-2001 SETS CD-ROM’s 1991-98 Compressed Mortality File (CMF)

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Mortality Data from the National Vital Statistics System site: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/dvs/mortdata.htm .:tsli