Natural life Program Diagram.

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In charge of the assurance and comprehension of untamed life ... Recorded as a debilitated animal varieties by both the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the condition of Washington. ...
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Untamed life Program Overview Mason Reid, Wildlife Ecologist Mount Rainier National Park

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NPS Mission and Policies Organic Act and NPS Policies which reason for existing is to ration the view and the common and noteworthy items and the natural life in that and to accommodate the satisfaction in the same in such way and by such means as will abandon them whole for the pleasure in future eras . (16 USC 1)

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Role of Wildlife Program at Mount Rainier Responsible for the security and comprehension of untamed life Evaluate hindrance At Mount Rainier you can discover: no less than 56 well evolved creature species; 17 types of creatures of land and water and reptiles; more than 229 types of winged creatures utilize the recreation center; 8 types of local fish; however spineless creatures presumably speak to 85% of the creature biomass in the recreation center

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Protecting Ecosystems – Intact??

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Status of Ecological Integrity - Wildlife Park foundation – Protects groups inside the recreation center Many mid-bigger size vertebrates are far running Park "island impact" Old development backwoods, subalpine knolls – show up to a great extent in place Missing the greater part of the framework\'s carnivores –many others in decay – noteworthy ramifications

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Carnivores in WA Parks – Native Species and Status

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Endangered Species Act of 1973 All Federal offices are required to attempt programs for the preservation of imperiled and debilitated species, and are precluded from approving, subsidizing, or completing any activity that will risk a recorded animal varieties or decimate or adjust its "critical habitat" [section 7]; ESA set up to recuperate species in danger

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Federally-Listed Species and Critical Habitat Northern Spotted Owl Marbled Murrelet Gray Wolf Grizzly Bear Wolverine Canada Lynx Chinook Salmon Bull Trout Steelhead

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Park Project Effects on Wildlife Construction/upkeep venture consequences for natural life Direct – roadkill mortality Indirect – living space misfortune; clamor, lights and other aggravation; counterfeit sustenance sources

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Northern Spotted Owl

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Barred Owl Larger and more forceful than spotted owl. Same class ( Strix ) as spotted owl. Considered a risk to NSO yet just as of late some supporting confirmation

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Demographic Monitoring Approach

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Rainier NSO Demographic Study Area Park in one of 13 Demographic Study Areas crosswise over NSO range Park speaks to ½ of NSO regions in DSA

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NSO/BO Territories at Mount Rainier: 2005 Review

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Northern Spotted Owl Status

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Marbled Murrelet Brachyramphus marmoratus Listed as a debilitated animal categories by both the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the condition of Washington. Marbled murrelet settling living space in the Park is timberlands more established than 100 years and underneath 3,500 feet. There are around 10,000 ha (25,000 sections of land) of reasonable marbled murrelet settling natural surroundings in the Park.

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Murrelet Monitoring Breeding regions Carbon Mowich Puyallup Occupied Nisqually Suitable Ohanapecosh (?) White

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Murrelet Monitoring Presence/Absence Portable Marine Radar Detects flying murrelets Breeding Audiovisual reviews Vocalizations Flight conduct

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Network Monitoring North Coast and Cascades Network (NCCN) 7 Parks, 28 Networks in NPS "Crucial Signs" Long-term normal asset checking program

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Elk Monitoring – NCCN Cervus elaphus Identified as essential to screen in MORA, OLYM and LEWI Monitoring convention being worked on Elk have a critical environmental part and are exceedingly bio-political species (tribes, state, others) Long history of elk issues

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Elk Monitoring - NCCN Most elk in park are transitory – few live year-round (Ohanapecosh watershed) North and South Herds Aerial studies – Autumn One of the longest-running yearly checking programs at MORA

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Elk Herds and Aerial Survey Blocks at Mount Rainier National Park

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Landbird Monitoring - NCCN Point numbers to decide patterns and feathered creature thickness in chose zones of the recreation center Sample plan with transects that begin drives through rough terrain and trails parkwide

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Current Wildlife Research Projects Elk populace assessment Effects of guest use on corvid plenitude Butterfly dispersion and reach shift

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Climate Change - Wildlife Effects Habitat misfortune Changes in Distribution Changes in Abundance Changes in Phenology (Breeding, Migration, and so on.)

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More Climate Change Effects Increase of Diseases & Pests Non-local definitions Extirpations Loss of species before they are distinguished

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Pika Pinyon mouse

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Mount Rainier Specifics High height species powerless Effects of living space and temperature change

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Human Dimensions of Wildlife Around the Park Landscape fracture Wildlife abuse/harvest Road passageways Other improvement Contaminants Range Expansion/Non-locals

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Human Dimensions of Wildlife Within the Park Roadkill Boundary sways Park advancement ventures Visitor-brought on aggravation Wildlife encouraging Wildlife habituation

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Road Impacts

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Habituated and Food-Conditioned Wildlife

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Mount Rainier\'s corvids Raven Steller\'s Jay Gray Jay Clark\'s Nutcracker

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Results from pilot corvid surve ys

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Centennial Project: Keep Wildlife Wild Wildlife nourishing Food stockpiling Attractant administration

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Wildlife Issues Where You Can Help Roadkill Feeding & Food Storage Incomplete Ecosystems Climate – Changes from Species to Visitor Access – Choices for the Future Wildlife Observations Animal Incidents Habituated Wildlife

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