Nature of Science.


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Nature of Science Dr. Charles Ophardt EDU 370 Nature of Science Interconnected and accepted thoughts Progressive eras have expanding thorough understandings Particular and specific methods for speculation - watching, testing, and approving Not quite the same as different methods of knowing.
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Nature of Science Dr. Charles Ophardt EDU 370

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Nature of Science Interconnected and accepted thoughts Successive eras have expanding thorough understandings Specific and specific methods for deduction - watching, testing, and approving Different from different methods of knowing.

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Scientific World View Basic convictions and dispositions about the world\'s way and what can be found out from it. World is Understandable Things and occasions are consistant examples that are fathomable Careful and precise study

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Scientific World View II Scientific Ideas are Subject to Change Science is a procedure of creating information through perceptions Invent hypotheses to comprehend perceptions New perceptions make changing speculations inescapable Can just deliver "possible" to "highly probable" clarifications for common marvels; these are never assurances.

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Scientific World View III Scientific Knowledge is Durable Absolute truth achievement rejected Knowledge, thoughts, speculations are altered Theories turn out to be more exact and broadly acknowledged

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Scientific World View IV Science Cannot Answer All Questions Beliefs can not be demonstrated or disproven Cannot settle inquiries of “good or evil” Must have the capacity to control variables and do tests.

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Scientific Inquiry Science controls united in dependence on perception, proof, speculation, hypotheses, rationale Science Demands Evidence Observations, estimations, precise information Use own faculties or instruments Probe normal world

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Scientific Inquiry II Science Explains and Predicts Make feeling of perceptions Make clarifications and hypotheses Logically stable Incorporate critical assortment of perceptions

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Scientific Inquiry III Science is not a procedure in which one arrangement is in the same class as another, or is just a question of conclusion. In science, there is thorough examination reasonable test correlation of option clarifications, utilizing segregate criteria Confirm by numerous autonomous lines of proof, prompting one "best” arrangement.

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Scientific Inquiry IV Scientists Try to Identify and Avoid Bias Claims must be founded on confirmation Evidence can be one-sided in understanding, recording, or reporting of information Which information are picked? Oblivious racial inclination, sexual orientation predisposition, economic wellbeing, wellspring of subsidizing, or political leanings can and do impact one\'s observations and elucidations.

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Scientific Inquiry V Science is not Authoritarian Appropriate to swing to proficient wellsprings of data and supposition Esteemed powers may not be right and don\'t characterize what is genuine No pre-set up conclusions

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Scientific Enterprise Has individual, social, and institutional measurements A noteworthy element of the contemporary world Science is a Complex Social Activity Many people doing numerous sorts of work and study

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Scientific Enterprise II Organized by Disciplines Generally Accepted Ethical Principles Strongly held conventions of precise records, information, companion audit, attribution of earlier work Do not distort information or discoveries or withhold data

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Scientific Enterprise III Participate in Public Affairs as Scientists and as Citizens Bring bits of knowledge and abilities to manage on matters of open concern Help to see likely makes Help gauge conceivable impacts of anticipated arrangements

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Distinguishing Science and Pseudoscience is not interested in criteria of legitimate confirmation. Continuously abstains from putting its cases to a significant test. Pseudoscience relies on upon self-assertive traditions of human society, as opposed to on constant regularities of nature. http://www.quackwatch.org/01QuackeryRelatedTopics/pseudo.html

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Distinguishing Science and Pseudoscience II Pseudoscience engages false power, to feeling, notion, or doubt of built up reality. Pseudoscience makes exceptional claims and advances phenomenal hypotheses that negate what is thought about nature. Proof for a revelation is narrative. The pioneer must propose new laws of nature to clarify a perception.

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Questions I Describe the way of Scientific Ideas or Theories. Which proclamation is false? A. An experimental hypothesis is utilized to foresee future occasions. B. Forecasts are contrasted with reality. C. On the off chance that the expectation does not happen precisely as the hypothesis anticipated , the whole hypothesis is disproven. D. Speculations turn out to be more exact and generally acknowledged with time

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Questions II Describe the way of science. Which proclamation is false? A. Science Cannot Answer All Questions B. Convictions can be demonstrated or disproven C. Can\'t settle inquiries of “good or evil” D. Science has the capacity control variables and complete examinations.

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Questions III Describe the way of science. Which articulation is false? A. Science is Authoritarian B. It is proper to swing to educated wellsprings of data and feeling C. Regarded powers may not be right and don\'t characterize what is genuine D. There are no pre-built up conclusions

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Questions IV Describe the way of science. Which proclamation is false? A. Science is Authoritarian B. It is suitable to swing to learned wellsprings of data and assessment C. Regarded powers may not be right and don\'t characterize what is genuine D. There are no pre-built up conclusions

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Questions V Describe the way of science. Which proclamation is false? A. Science teaches depend on perception, proof, theory, hypotheses, rationale B. Science requests proof for speculations C. Pseudoscience perceptions are repeatable or obvious D. Every single applicable perception are considered

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Questions VI Describe the way of science. Which proclamation is false? A. Science clarifies and predicts B. Science comprehends perceptions C. Makes clarifications and hypotheses D. Science can perform controlled examinations to study wonders of interest E. Exploratory thoughts are completely demonstrated

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Questions VII Describe the way of science. Which explanations are false? A. The common world is reasonable B. Logical Laws are not subject to change C. Experimental information is solid D. Science can answer all inquiries E. Science requests proof F. Science clarifies and predicts G. Researchers attempt to distinguish and maintain a strategic distance from inclination H. Science is dictator

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References Science for All Americans http://www.project2061.org/apparatuses/sfaaol/chap1.htm .:tslidesep.

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