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Neo-Classical Sculpture. Significantly affected by antiquated craftsmanship since the Renaissance. ... marble surfaces normal for late Baroque and Rococo model. ...
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Neo-Classicism By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

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Overview of Neo-Classicism Art created in Europe and North America from the mid-18c to the mid 19c. More than only an antique recovery  a response against the surviving Baroque & Rococo styles. Connected to contemporary political occasions: Revolutions built up republics in France and in America. [Neo-Classicism was adjusted as the official workmanship style]. Relationship with the vote based system of Greece and the republicanism of Rome. Napoleon  utilized the style for promulgation.

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Origins of Neo-Classical Art

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1. Unearthings of the Ruins of Italian Cities Pompeii in 1748. Herculaneum in 1738.

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2. Production of Books on Antiquity James Stuart & Nicholas Revert Antiquities in Athens: 1762-1816.

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3. Landing of the Elgin Marbles Thomas Bruce, 7 th Lord of Elgin British Museum, 1806 From the top façade of the Parthenon in Athens.

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4. Johann Winckelmann\'s Artists Circle Artists ought to "mimic" the ageless, perfect types of the traditional world. A circle of global craftsmen assembled about him in the 1760s in Rome. German workmanship student of history.

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Characteristics of Neo-Classicism Return to the apparent "immaculateness" of expressions of the human experience of Rome. Model the "perfect" of the antiquated Greek expressions and, to a lesser, degree, 16c Renaissance elegance. A conviction that there is a changeless, widespread way things are (and ought to be), which clearly involves crucial political and moral duties. Some of the time considered against advanced or even reactionary.

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Neo-Classical Architecture

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Robert Adam Syon House The Red Salon Scottish draftsman & fashioner Syon House 1760s

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Claude Nicholas Ledoux Designed a structure in 1771 for the Comtesse du Barry at Louveciennes. Composed a progression of city entryways for Paris (1785-1789).

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Claude Nicholas Ledoux Rotunde de la Villette, Paris

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John Wood "The Royal Crescent [Circus]" at Bath, England (1754).

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The "Realm Style": Charles Percier & Pierre François Léonard Fontaine Napoleon\'s authentic planners. They revamped Paris in the scary plushness of Roman supreme structural style.

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Greek-Inspired Architecture Bank of England Rotunda Sir John Soane, 1796 British Museum Portico Sir Robert Smirke, 1823-1847

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The "Government Style" in America 1780 – 1820. Thomas Jefferson\'s impact. College of VA Monticello, VA U. S. State house

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The "Greek Revival Style" in America Second Bank of the US Philadelphia, 1824

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Neo-Classical Painting

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"Parnassus" Anton Raphael Mengs, 1761 Mengs was the main craftsman of early Neo-Classicism.

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"The Oath of Brutus" Gavin Hamilton, 1767 The pledge was sworn as a guarantee of individual requital against a degenerate government.

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"The Death of Socrates" Jacques-Louis David, 1787 The passing of Socrates was an image of republican ethicalness.

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"The Oath of the Horatii" Jacques-Louis David, 1784 A portrayal of devoted patriotism.

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"The Consecration of Napoleon & Josephine" Jacques-Louis David, 1805-1807 An altogether different topic: The festival of common quality and force.

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"The Apotheosis of Homer" Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, 1827 This get together of incredible craftsmen and journalists of any age assembled to respect the old Greek writer before a traditional sanctuary.

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"Romulus—Victory over Acron" Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, 1812 Painted for Napoleon\'s royal residence in Rome.

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"The Sabine Women" Jean Auguste Ingres, 1799

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Neo-Classical Sculpture

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Neo-Classical Sculpture Profoundly affected by antiquated workmanship since the Renaissance. Neo-Classical artists kept away from the emotional contorting postures and shaded marble surfaces normal for late Baroque and Rococo model. They favored: Crisp forms. A respectable stillness. Admired white marble frames.

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Antonio Canova "Apollo Crowning Himself," 1781 "Perseus with the Head of Medusa," 1804-1806

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Antonio Canova "Paulina Bonaparte," 1808 "Hercules"

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Bertel Thorvaldsen "Jason," 1803-1823 "Adonis," 1808-1832

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Neo-Classical Decorative Arts

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Furniture The furniture plans utilized Greco-Roman themes. Got to be known as style étrusque ["Etruscan style"] in France. Were favored by the court of Louis XV and later by Napoleon I.

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Josiah Wedgwood Greek vases found in unearthings got to be models for this new sort of earthenware production.

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Neo-Classicism Continued Into the 19c and Beyond… . Brandenburg Gate, Berlin Buckingham Palace, London The Gate of Alcala, Madrid By the mid-19s, a few European urban communities were changed into veritable historical centers of Neo-Classical engineering.

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American Renaissance" Movement American Museum of Natural History National Gallery of Art Lincoln Memorial A Neo-Classical expression in Beaux-Arts design.

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The "Nightfall" of Neo-Classicism Sir Edwin Lutyan  an amazing city arrangement for New Delhi amid the British Raj. Rashtrapati Bhavan [President\'s House] India Gate Monument

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