Non-State Performing artists and Administration.

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Transnational Non-State Actors. Transnational performers on-screen characters acting ACROSS state bordersTransnational legislative issues
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Non-State Actors and Governance

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Transnational Non-State Actors Transnational on-screen characters performing artists acting ACROSS state outskirts Transnational legislative issues "… collaboration crosswise over state fringes outside the focal control of remote approach organs" (Nye, 224) Examples?

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The Power of Numbers International NGOs 1964: 1,470 1972: 2173 1985: 14,000 2003: 24,000 Source: Yearbook of International Organizations Example: Green Peace; workplaces in 37 nations

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The Power of Information and Technology The Multilateral Agreement on Investments (MAI) Rules to encourage worldwide speculations Negotiated under the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Public Citizen Campaign against MAI Treaty surrendered

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Aljazeera Save the Whales battle Most whaling states quit whaling Ban on business whaling The Power of the Media

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Sales of select MNCs ($) Wall-Mart 219.8bn GM 177.2bn RD Shell 135.2bn Toyota MC 120.8bn IBM 85.7bn PepsiCo 26.9bn Greenpeace 0.157bn Source: Nye 2004, 10 on business, GGYB on Greenpeace GDP of select nations ($) Saudi Arabia 242bn Ukraine 218 bn Denmark 155.5 bn Chile 151 bn Norway 143 bn Iraq 58 bn Dominican R 53 bn Bulgaria 50.6 bn Gambia 2.6 bn Congo 2.5 bn Suriname 1.5 bn Belize 1.28 bn Source: 2003 CIA reality book, The Power of Resources

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The Backlash - Disproportionate force of transnational performing artists -bolster degenerate governments -unbalanced share of advantages -no responsibility - International foundations support markets at cost of different qualities - Race to the base - Poverty and imbalance amazing: 1.3bn live on $1/day half of worldwide populace on $2/day

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New Modes of Governance

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The Civilization Approach

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Multi-Level Governance International Institutions WB, UN, WTO, IMF, UNEP Transnational Network Governance Private Trans-Governmental Public-Private National and Local Institutions

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Private Governance: Corporate Social Responsibility Codes of direct Sullivan Principles Triple Bottom Line reporting: Financial Social Environmental Example: Shell

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Trends in business self-control and corporate obligation

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Private Governance: Certification Code of standards, standards, rules, reporting, observing system against which procedures are items are contrasted and confirmed Labeling with make buyer mindful Fair Trade

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Certification: Fair Trade Equal Exchange Organization: gives reasonable exchange accreditation Organic affirmation Shade developed espresso "Great Coffee, Good Business"

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Trans-Governmental Networks: The New World Order? Bureaucratic collaboration among specific government offices and foundations Not really guided by the remote approach foundation

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Trans-Governmental Networks Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission (1995-98) U.S.- Russian Joint Commission on Economic and Technical Assistance Managing and securing atomic material Transfer of know how and help

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Trans-Governmental Networks Cities for Climate Change 579 urban communities take part, 8% of worldwide CO2 discharge Adopt GHG lessening strategies Baseline emanations stock Adopt outflows diminishment target Develop nearby activity arrange Implement activity arrange Monitor advance and report it Win-win: vitality funds + CO2 outflow decreases US urban areas investment funds for 1999: $70mn.

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The Persistent Importance of States: Top Contributors to GHG Emissions

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Public-Private Partnerships "The United Nations once managed just with governments. At this point we realize that peace and thriving can\'t be accomplished without associations including governments, global associations, the business group and common society. In this day and age, we rely on upon each other." –Kofi Annan, UN Secretary-General

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The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) GAVI Partners: The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation WHO UNICEF The World Bank Group Developing Country Governments Nongovernmental Organization Industrialized Country Governments Research Institutes Vaccine Industry-Industrialized Country Technical Health Institutes Vaccine Industry-Developing Country

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GAVI: Financial Contributions

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GAVI Results 2000-2005 13 million children reached with fundamental vaccines  135 million youngsters came to with new antibodies Coverage of hepatitis B antibody in GAVI-qualified nations: 66% (was 20% in 2000)

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The Demand and Supply of Public-Private Partnerships Transnational Interests Governance Gaps Agency & State Interests

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Concluding Questions Why get included in transnational administration? Is transnational administration viable? Is transnational administration genuine? Does transnational administration reinforce or undermine the state? What is the eventual fate of worldwide associations?

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